Posts tagged ‘world’

Monday, February 17, 2020

China Media Group and the Coronavirus: Independent Television quotes China Media Group’s inspiring News

The following is a translation of an article published by People’s Daily, on January 29.

A few explanations to make it more readable:

China Media Group is a  state-owned Chinese multi-media, multi-language conglomerate, resulting from a merger of China Central Television (CCTV), China Radio International (CRI) and China National Radio (CNR, or, in Chinese, Central People’s Broadcasting Station/CPBS). All these flags are still up in the national media landscape, but under the “Media Group’s” more or less centralized control. China Radio International’s last director Wang Gengnian reportedly retired in 2018 from his now obsolete job, and Yan Xiaoming, who used to head the domestic CPBS radio service, became the new organization’s deputy director. Shen Haixiong became China Media Group’s first director (and party secretary).

The level of China Media Group’s international “successes” can’t be measured from the People’s Daily article. However, it may count as an indicator of the pressures under which the state-owned media giant has to justify its budget. The CPC has become more demanding of the propaganda industry after Xi Jinping became the party’s secretary general, and less tolerant of fiefdom’s within the propaganda structures.

Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main Link: International mainstream media pay attention to China’s epidemic prevention and control work, widely transmit China Media Group coverage

In the last few days, China Media Group’s coverage of prevention and control work against the new coronavirus viral infection pneumonia epidemic has been widely republished by American, British, German, French and other country’s mainstream media. According to unfinished statistics until January 28, some ninety mainstream media, including Fox Broadcasting Company, the BBC, CNN, Russia National Television, French BFM Business television, German ZDF channel two television, Italian RAI national broadcaster and other have quoted from relevant China Media Group coverage.

连日来,中央广播电视总台有关新型冠状病毒感染肺炎疫情防控报道,受到美英德法等国际主流媒体的广泛转发。据不完全统计,截至28日,包括美国福克斯广播公司、英国广播公司、美国有线电视新闻网、俄罗斯国家电视台、法国BFM BUSINESS电视台、德国电视二台、意大利广播电视公司等近90家主流媒体引用了总台相关报道。

In recent days, American Fox Broadcasting Company news channel, the BBC’s international news channel, America’s CNN international channel have all transmitted relevant China Media Group coverage and presented the measures taken by China in its prevention and control work against the epidemic, and America’s, Asia’s, Europe’s and other regions’ epidemic situation.

近日,美国福克斯广播公司新闻频道、英国广播公司国际新闻频道、美国有线电视新闻网国际频道均转引了总台相关报道,介绍中国在防控疫情方面所采取的措施以及美国、亚洲、欧洲等地疫情情况。

CMG media review: Just look at our incredible propaganda!

On January 28, Russia National Television, Russia Today TV, Independent TV [Dozhd TV]  and other mainstream media continued to pay close attention to China’s new coronavirus epidemic situation, with several television broadcasters using China Media Group coverage on that day. Dozhd TV reported that inspiring news was coming from China, with Chairman Xi Jinping stating that China had full confidence and the ability to win the battle of preventing and controlling the new coronavirus epidemic pneumonia.

28日俄罗斯国家电视台、今日俄罗斯电视台、独立电视台等主流电视媒体继续关注中国新型冠状病毒疫情,多家电视台当天引用了总台报道。独立电视台报道称:从中国传来令人振奋的消息,习近平主席表示中国完全有信心、有能力打赢新型冠状病毒肺炎防控攻坚战。

Also on that day, Russia National Television gave a full rebroadcast of China Media Group reporters’ interview with Wuhan mayor Zhou Xianwang, reporting the city government’s resolve in handling and overcoming the epidemic.

俄罗斯国家电视台当天全文引用总台记者对武汉市长周先旺的采访,报道武汉市政府处理疫情的考量和战胜疫情的决心。

Russia National Television channel 1’s primetime “Sixty Minutes” live broadcasts at noon and in the evening invited China Media Group reporters and Russian experts to interpret together the epidemic in China and the Chinese government’s active steps against it. An edited video of the program was uploaded to Youtube and viewed there nearly 100,000 times.

俄罗斯国家电视台1频道收视率最高的时事评论节目《60分钟》28日播出的午间和晚间两档直播节目,邀请总台驻站记者与多位俄罗斯专家一同解读中国国内的疫情和中国政府的积极应对。节目视频经过剪辑上传到YouTube平台上后观看量近10万次。

Italy’s biggest privatly-run television station, Mediaset TgCom24 TV, in its live news program “Behind the Incident”, repeatedly contacted China Media Group’s Italian-department reporter(s) to get information about the epidemic’s latest developments, and prevention and control measures, reporting the Chinese people’s confidence in overcoming the epidemic, and China’s desire to actively participate in international cooperation.

意大利最大的私营电视台——梅地亚塞特传媒集团TGCOM24电视台——的新闻直播节目《事件背后》,多次连线总台意大利语部记者,了解中国疫情最新进展及防控措施,报道中国民众战胜疫情的信心以及中国积极参与国际合作的意愿。

France’s BFM Business TV cooperated with China Media Group’s French department on January 23, inviting  Foundation for Strategic Research Antoine Bondaz to invite the in the program’s discussion. He said that “the Chinese government has taken active and fast measures to control the spread of the epidemic. The Chinese government’s quick response deserves recognition.”

法国BFM BUSINESS电视台23日与总台法语部合作,邀请法国战略研究基金会中国问题专家安东尼奥(Antoine Bondaz)参加节目访谈。安东尼奥表示:“中国政府采取了积极迅速的措施,控制了疫情蔓延。中国政府做出的快速反应,值得肯定。”

DRF Deutschland‘s [Germany] “China Info” changed its originally planned program on January 27, quoting from material from China Media Group’s German department, with a focus on the active measures taken by China to fight the epidemic.

德国DRF电视台《中国新闻》栏目27日改变原播出节目,转引转发总台德语部稿件,重点报道中国抗击疫情所采取的积极举措。

Also, Brazil, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Turkey, Israel and other countries’ media have amply used China Media Group’s multilingual coverage, informing their countries’ national audiences about the Chinese government’s active measures in preventing and controlling the epidemic, and its work together with the international community to maintain regional and global confidence in public health.

此外,巴西、印度、印尼、泰国、土耳其、以色列等国的媒体也充分采用总台多语种报道,向本国受众及时介绍中国政府在防控疫情方面所采取的积极措施,以及与国际社会一道,共同维护好地区和全球公共卫生的信心。

[…]

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Friday, February 14, 2020

Chinese Foreign Ministry’s online press conference on Friday, foreign-support statistics

Translation Chinese-English, main Link: 外交部:已有33个国家政府和4个国际组织向中方提供了疫情防控医疗物资

China Daily, February 14, reporter Zhou Jin — Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told a regular press conference, conducted online, that 33 national governments and 4 international organizations have supplied China with medical goods for preventing and controlling the epidemic situation.

中国日报2月14日电(记者 周瑾)外交部发言人耿爽14日在网上例行记者会上表示,已有33个国家政府和4个国际组织向中方提供了疫情防控医疗物资,中方对于来自国际社会,特别是来自其他发展中国家的真诚友善的支持和帮助表示欢迎和感谢。

A reporter asked: Can you make public how many national governments have supplied China with medical goods for preventing and controlling the epidemic situation?

有记者问:你能否透露截至目前有多少国家的政府向中方提供抗疫援助物资?

Geng Shuang said that facing the epidemic, China mainly relies on its own strength, and we have the confidence and abilities to do that. At the same time, we express our welcome and thanks for international community’s support and help, particularly from other developing countries.

耿爽表示,面对疫情,中方主要依靠自身的力量应对,我们对此有信心、有能力。同时,对于来自国际社会,特别是来自其他发展中国家的真诚友善的支持和帮助,我们都表示欢迎和感谢。

Geng Shuang explained that according to our diplomatic channels, 33 national governments and 4 international organizations have supplied China with medical goods for preventing and controlling the epidemic situation, including Algeria, Australia, Belarus, Cambodia, Canada, Egypt, France, Germany, Ghana, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Suriname, Tajikistan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the USA, Uzbakistan, Vietnam, the European Union, UNICEF, the United Nations Development Program, and the International Organization for Migration.

耿爽介绍说,根据我们从外交渠道掌握的情况,截至2月14日中午12时,已有33个国家政府和4个国际组织向中方提供了疫情防控医疗物资,包括:阿尔及利亚、澳大利亚、白俄罗斯、柬埔寨、加拿大、埃及、法国、德国、加纳、匈牙利、印度尼西亚、伊朗、意大利、日本、韩国、哈萨克斯坦、马来西亚、尼泊尔、新西兰、巴基斯坦、菲律宾、俄罗斯、新加坡、苏里南、塔吉克斯坦、泰国、特立尼达和多巴哥、土耳其、阿联酋、英国、美国、乌兹别克斯坦、越南,欧盟、联合国儿童基金会、联合国开发计划署、国际移民组织。

According to his explanations, 17 national governments and 1 international organization had relevant medical supplies to China, including Austria, Brazil, the Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Costa Rica, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Norway, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovenia, and the United Nations Population Fund.

据他介绍,有17个国家政府和1个国际组织宣布将向中方提供相关医疗物资,包括:奥地利、巴西、刚果(布)、哥斯达黎加、捷克、丹麦、厄瓜多尔、爱沙尼亚、肯尼亚、吉尔吉斯斯坦、拉脱维亚、挪威、巴勒斯坦、卡塔尔、沙特阿拉伯、塞尔维亚、斯洛文尼亚,联合国人口基金。

He said that the governments of Chile, Equatorial Guinea, North Korea, the Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Vanuatu, and the United Nations’ institutions in China had also given China financial and material support. Many people from many countries’ societies, from all walks of life, overseas Chinese, Chinese-invested companies, Chinese overseas students etc. had also given a lot of support in a number of ways.

他称,此外,智利、赤道几内亚、朝鲜、马尔代夫、蒙古、缅甸、瓦努阿图等国政府和联合国驻华机构也向中方提供了其他形式的资金和物质支持。很多国家社会各界友好人士、华侨华人、中资企业、中国留学生等也通过各种方式提供了大量支持。

他称,此外,智利、赤道几内亚、朝鲜、马尔代夫、蒙古、缅甸、瓦努阿图等国政府和联合国驻华机构也向中方提供了其他形式的资金和物质支持。很多国家社会各界友好人士、华侨华人、中资企业、中国留学生等也通过各种方式提供了大量支持。

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Lesson of the Widow’s Mite, Wiki, last edit Jan 8

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Thursday, January 23, 2020

Coronavirus: Excitement without Borders

If you follow the news – even in Europe -, the coronavirus infections that reportedly started in Wuhan features prominently.

This can hardly be explained with the dangers it may pose to individuals, at least for now. Then why the excitement, while climate change (probably) continues and poses a much greater threat?

What becomes news depends on what people can relate to. When a royal couple decides to move to Canada (but not quite, only a bit), it’s news, because it suggests that there must be a VIP family conflict.

When murder occurs in a place where overseas tourists go, media are more likely to report the case than if the same thing happens in Gaborone, or in a tranquil Swiss village off the beaten track.

And when shit happens in China, it becomes an online game: because new statistics and measures are announced every hour, the news seems to suggest that the situation becomes ever more grim.

Besides, because the Chinese authorities earned themselves a bad record  during the SARS epidemic early this century, there are suspicions that the worst news may still be covered up.

And as Wuhan closes down public transport (including trains and flights), this comes across as truly dramatic, particularly in countries where such actions, in modern times, are unheard of.

But then, draconic measures are nothing unusual in China (as many victims of arbitrary police and other state organs can tell, if they dare). And besides, if you live in Wuhan and own a car, you can go wherever you like. I haven’t heard of Wuhan citizens being refused a flight once they have reached, say, Nanjing International Airport.

Life goes on: the South Korean government, only on Monday, published plans for individual travels from South to North, and one of the options includes traveling through China (“or other countries”). Yes, you may still plant an apple tree.

When Wuhan adopts measures the way it does now, there are always two ways of interpreting them: one may think that if things are that bad, they are probably even worse.  But then, maybe the authorities simply want to be efficient this time. It depends on how you look at it.

Time for me to hit the road. And I’m sure that I’m much more likely to be killed in a traffic accident, than by a virus from Wuhan.

Monday, December 10, 2018

Pete Myers, 1939 – 1998

December 15, this coming weekend, marks the 20th death anniversary of Pete Myers, probably the past century’s greatest radio personality without a Wikipedia entry of his own.

Here is an excerpt from one of his programs, broadcast on October 11, 1992, an official day of mourning in the Netherlands, one week after the Bijlmer disaster.

Sunday, September 23, 2018

A long-running Taiwan Blog is closing

Michael Turton announced closure of The View from Taiwan sixteen days ago. The blog had its drawbacks, but it will hopefully remain online, as an archive of pan-green views, information, and dogmatism – and as a rare collection of photos, showing everyday life in Taiwan.

There are too few English-language windows on Taiwan, and it is bad news that The View isn’t posting anymore.

Saturday, September 15, 2018

Plans for English as an Official Taiwanese Language

Duties and a receptive mode (online and offline) are keeping me from blogging at the moment.

by-products

If I had blogged this month, one topic might have been about Taiwan’s (sensible, I believe) plans to make English their second official language. To survive under Chinese pressure, international perceptibility – i. e. communication – is a key issue for Taiwan.

There had been plans to make English official for some time, but they appear to have been taking shape this summer. Pan-blue leaning United Daily News (UDN) published an online article in March this year, quoting both people in favor and against the idea, including criticism by a Chengchi University professor:

Chengchi University professor Her One-Soon says that this, in ideological terms, is about surrender to Western power. “Currently, most of the countries of the world that have made English an official language have been colonized by Britain and America”, but has Taiwan? If [English] is really to become an official language, it only represents Taiwan’s inferiority complex towards its own language and culture.

政大語言所教授何萬順則說,這樣在意識形態上是向西方強權屈膝,「目前世界大多國家以英文做為官方語言,都是被英美殖民過」,但台灣有嗎?若是真的定為官方語言,只是代表台灣對自身語言文化的自卑。

If statistics of six years ago are something to go by, there may be more practical issues that would need to be solved. In November 2012, the English-language Taipei Times quoted a foreign education company’s study which said that proficiency in English was low.

Currently, Taiwan is ranked as a country with rather low proficiency by “Education First” (which emphasizes the importance of perceptibility by listing Taiwan as “Taiwan, China”).

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Xi Jinping’s “Press Briefing”: BBC, Guardian, New York Times giving way to Borrowed Boats?

China Global Television Network (CGTN or CCTV) published a video on Youtube on Wednesday, with the full remarks by CPC Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping at a press briefing at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on Wednesday following the 19th CPC National Congress. The first groupies have already issued ringing endorsements:

Endorsements from all over the world - click screenshot above for Xi's speech

Applause from all over the world – click screenshot above for Xi’s speech

 

The video provides English subtitles to Xi’s speech. A written Xinhua account (in Chinese) can be found there.

Access to the show was reportedly denied to the BBC, the Financial Times, the New York Times and the Guardian, “in some cases for the first time in more than two decades”. The Guardian’s Beijing correspondent wrote on Wednesday that

[a] series of heavily scripted “press conferences” have been organised, which were attended by a large number of foreign reporters on the payroll of party-run media outlets. Many of the questions appeared to have been pre-screened.

This could refer to China’s innovative guidance of public opinion (abroad). When the Great Hall of the People’s East Hall is full of borrowed boats, access needs to be denied to some of the traditional troublemakers foreign vessels.

No wonder then that the reappointed secretary general was full of praise for the reporters in front of him:

Many of you have come afar. All of you have provided numerous and ample coverage of the congress, and aroused the global public’s attention. You have worked hard, and I give you my heartfelt thanks.

这次来了很多记者朋友,许多是远道而来。大家对会议作了大量、充分的报道,引起了全世界广泛关注。你们辛苦了,我向你们表示衷心的感谢。

Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Huanqiu Shibao: the Bottomline for maintaining Framework of Sino-NK Relations

The following is my translation of a  Huanqiu Shibao editorial. It is currently not available on the paper’s website, but – main link –  via China News Service (中國新聞網). Links within blockquotes added during translation — JR

Original title: How should China react to North Korea’s latest Nuclear Test?
原標題:社評:中國該如何應對朝鮮新核試

On the afternoon of September 3, following the latest North Korean nuclear test at noon that day, the Chinese foreign ministry said that the Chinese government firmly opposed and strongly condemned the test.

朝鮮於3日中午進行新的核試驗,中國外交部當天下午表示,中國政府對此表示堅決反對並予以強烈譴責。

China’s, South Korea’s and America’s seismic monitoring networks simultaneously measured an earthquake in North Korea’s Punggye-ri area, at 11:30 Beijing time. The magnitude reported by China Earthquake Networks Center was 6.3 on the Richter scale. North Korea announced on the afternoon of September 3 that North Korea’s highest leader, Kim Jong-un, had ordered conducting a hydrogen bomb test, and that the test had been successful.

中國、韓國、美國的地震台網於北京時間3日11時30分同時測定,朝鮮豐溪里一帶發生地震,中國地震台報的震級是里氏6.3級。朝鮮於3日下午宣布,朝最高領導人金正恩下令進行了氫彈試驗,試驗取得成功。

This is another mistake made by North Korea, directed against the UN security council’s and the entire international community’s will. This test will lead to another serious escalation of the tense situation on the Korean peninsula, and to the risk of the East Asian strategy [or strategies] collapsing, increasing the risk of any party misjudging the situation and leading to a situation spinning out of control.

這是平壤逆聯合國安理會和整個國際社會的意志做出了又一次錯誤選擇。這次核試驗將嚴重導致半島緊張局勢新的升級,並有導致東亞戰略出現坍塌的風險,推高各方產生誤判而導致局勢失控的危險。

As for China now, the most important thing is to strengthen monitoring, ensuring that if North Korea’s latest test has produced nuclear leaks, we can detect it at first appearance, timely inform the masses in the Northeastern region, and take all kinds of responsive measures. In fact, analysts have predicted the possiblilty of a new nuclear test by North Korea in recent days, so the [Chinese] government has undoubtedly made emergency preparations in advance, and will launch these mechanisms rapidly.

對中國來說,目前最重要的是加強監測,確保一旦朝鮮這次核爆出現核泄漏,我們能在第一時間發現,及時通報東北地區民眾,並採取各種緊急應對措施。事實上,在這之前分析界對朝鮮可能於近日搞新的核試驗已有預測,政府無疑提前做好了應急準備,而這一機制相信已經迅速啟動。

There were obvious tremors in northeastern regions near North Korea on September 3, with buildings clearly shaking, triggering a great deal of discussion among people. During North Korea’s prior five nuclear tests, there have been no nuclear leakages, and Pyongyang has solemnly vowed that its underground nuclear tests wouldn’t create any such leakage. Pyongyang also said it would be responsible for the North Korean masses. We hope that this isn’t just talk.

3日中午,東北靠近朝鮮的地區多地有明顯震感,建築物搖動明顯,民間出現大量議論。在這之前朝鮮5次核試沒有造成核泄漏,平壤信誓旦旦地宣稱它的地下核試驗不會造成任何泄漏,還表示它會為離核試驗場更近的朝鮮民眾負責。我們希望朝鮮這不僅僅是說一說。

No matter what North Korea says, we believe the Chinese government will be on high alert, and that at this moment, there won’t be the faintest bit of relaxation or taking of chances. “Huanqiu Shibao” has learned that in Baishan (Jilin Province), Mudanjiang (Heilongjiang Province), and other regions. There were wind speeds of 1 from West or Northwest on midday of September 3, blowing from China to outside its borders.

無論朝方如何表示,我們相信中國政府都會提高警惕,在這個時刻不會有一絲一毫的鬆懈和僥倖。據《環球時報》了解,吉林白山、黑龍江牡丹江等地3日中午刮的是1級西風或西北風,風小,且風向是從中國邊境地區向外吹的。

North Korea’s latest nuclear explosion and its recent series of medium- and long-range missile tests have made it clear that Pyongyang, unmoved by force or persuasion, is determined to obtain nuclear strike capability over medium and long ranges. It won’t yield to pressure from outside, and the North Korean nuclear issue is on the brink of becoming intractable.

朝鮮最新核試爆和最近的一系列中遠程導彈試驗顯示,平壤軟硬不吃,它決心獲得中遠程核打擊能力,不會向任何外來壓力屈服,朝核問題幾近成為死結。

Facing this complicated situation, China needs to maintain a high degree of cool-headedness, , take measures based on its national interests, and to limit the risks faced by Chinese society to the greatest possible degree.

中國需面對這一複雜態勢保持高度冷靜,從中國的國家利益出發採取措施,最大限度地減輕中國社會從中面臨的風險。

The safety of China’s Northeast comes first. We need to tell Pyongyang through all kinds of channels that its tests must not contaminate the Northeast of China. China’s strategic and environmental safety is the bottomline for China up to where it will exercise restraint. It has to be hoped that this can be clearly communicated between China and North Korea, and helps North Korea to understand the solemnity and seriousness of China’s approach. If North Korea doesn’t keep to this bottomline, and if its own territory and the involved areas of China’s northeast will suffer contamination, the current framework of Chinese-North Korean relations will no longer exist.

中國東北的安全是第一位的,我們需要通過各種管道明確告訴平壤,它的核試驗不能污染中國東北。中國的戰略安全與環境安全是中國對其採取克制行動的底線。希望中朝之間能夠通過溝通將這一點講清楚,讓朝方充分了解中國這一態度的嚴肅性、嚴重性。如果朝方守不住這條底線,它自己的國土連帶中國東北遭到污染,那麼中朝關係目前的框架將不復存在。

North Korea’s latest test will inevitably lead to new discussions at the [UN] security council, revolving around new sanctions, and adding sanctions will be unavoidable. But we believe that although Chinese society is very angry about this new test, we need to avoid impulsiveness. China must not lightly agree to extreme measures that would be similar to an all-around embargo.

朝鮮的最新核導活動必將導致安理會圍繞對它進行新制裁開展討論,增加制裁將不可避免。但我們認為,儘管中國社會對朝鮮舉行新的核試驗很生氣,我們還是要避免衝動,中國不應輕易同意對朝鮮採取類似全面禁運的極端制裁手段。

In the case that China completely cut off oil supplies to North Korea, and even closed the Chinese-North Korean border, it would remain uncertain if this could block North Koreas’s activities. However, there would be, in all likelihood, open antagonism between China and North Korea. If that happened, the contradictions between China and North Korea would become, at least for some time, the most outstanding contradictions around the Korean peninsula. it would push down and absorb much of the tense energy of the American-North Korean antagonism, Washington and Seoul would achieve their goalof  “outsourcing” the North Korean nuclear issue to China, and this wouldn’t be in line with China’s national interest at all.

一旦中國完全切斷對朝鮮的石油供應,甚至關閉中朝邊界,能否做到阻止朝鮮核導活動尚不確定,但中朝全面、公開的對立將很可能發生。那樣的話,中朝矛盾就將至少成為一段時期內圍繞朝鮮半島最突出的矛盾,中朝對立將壓過美朝對立吸走高度緊張局勢的大部分能量,華盛頓和首爾也就實現了將朝核問題「外包」給中國的目的,這完全不符合中國的國家利益。

Therefore, so long as North Korea’s nuclear activities won’t pollute China’s Northeast, China’s approach to sanctioning North Korea should not avoid the radicalism of America’s or South Korea’s. The origins of the North Korean nuclear issue lie in the military suppression which created Pyongyang’s serious insecurity. Pyongyang erroneously sees the possession of nuclear capability as the only guarantee for government power’s survival, and nuclear striking capability against America’s soil as the key to reaching safety for itself. In this complicated and acute game, China must not run into a position of “charging and breaking through enemy lines”.

所以,在朝鮮核活動沒有污染中國東北的情況下,中國制裁朝鮮的態度應避免像美韓那樣激進。朝核問題的根源是美韓同盟的軍事打壓造成了平壤的嚴重不安全感,平壤錯誤地將擁核看成是政權生存的唯一保障,並且認定獲得對美國本土的核打擊能力是自己安全突圍的關鍵。中國不能在這場複雜、尖銳的博弈中跑到「衝鋒陷陣」的位置上。

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Related

“No Leakage”, Voice of Korea, Sept 4, 2017

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