Posts tagged ‘South Korea’

Tuesday, May 4, 2021

Huanqiu Shibao: G7 London Meeting, small-circled cliques and factions

As he said before, it’s you, not us

The following is a translation of an article by Huanqiu Shibao online, published on Tuesday (May 4). Huanqiu’s translations from English do not necessarily reflect what the persons quoted there actually said.

The Reuters article referred to by Huanqiu Shibao can be found here.

Main Link: Evoking the China-Russia threat once again? (又渲染中俄威胁)

Bian Zihao, Huanqiu Online reporter — Hyping another Chinese-Russian threat? The G7 foreign ministers’ meeting in Britain’s capital London opened on May 3. According to Reuters, Britain will seek decisive action from the G7 member states to respond to global threats. Reuters says that these so-called “global threats” include China and Russia.

【环球网报道 记者 边子豪】又炒作中俄威胁?七国集团外长会3日在英国首都伦敦开幕,据路透社报道,英国4日将寻求与G7成员国采取果断行动以应对全球威胁。路透社称,上述所谓“全球威胁”包括中国和俄罗斯。

As it holds the G7’s rotating chairmanship this year, Britain also invited Australia’s, India ‘s , South Africa ‘s and South Korea ‘s foreign ministers this week. Reuters says that this is the first time in two years that G7 representatives talk face-to-face and that this is seen as an opportunity to “strengthening support for the international rules-based system.

作为今年七国集团轮值主席国,除了G7成员国外,英国本周还邀请了澳大利亚、印度、南非和韩国等国外长。路透社说,本次会谈是近两年来七国集团代表首次举行面对面会议,被英方视为“加强支持基于规则的国际体系的机会”。

Reuters also quoted Britain’s wording, an evocation of the so-called “China-Russia threat”, saying that China’s economic influence and Russia’s “evil activities” could break that system.

此外,路透社还引述英方说法,渲染所谓“中俄威胁”说,中国的经济影响力和俄罗斯的“恶意活动”可能会破坏上述体系。

The report also mentioned that on May 3 local time, U.S. secretary of state Blinken, after meeting British forign secretary Raab, called for the building of an international alliance. He claimed that although there was no intention to “contain China”, there was a need to make sure that China “acted in accordance with the rules”. In a program broadcast by Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), Blinken explained his position similarly. He said there, “our goal isn’t to contain China, not to block China, not to inhibit China. (But) it is the protection of order-based rules to which China currently raises challenges …”

报道还提到,当地时间5月3日,在与英国外交大臣拉布会面后,美国国务卿布林肯呼吁组建一个全球联盟,他宣称尽管不想“遏制中国”,但要确保中国“按规则行事”。 而在5月2日哥伦比亚广播公司(CBS)播出的一档节目中,布林肯也曾有过相似表态。当时他说:“我们的目的不是遏制中国,不是阻止中国,不是压制中国。(而)是为了维护基于秩序的规则,(但)中国正在对(这些规则)提出挑战……”

The foreign ministers’ meeting is seen as a warm-up for the G7 summit in June. The G7 consists of Britain, America, France, Germany, Italy, Canada and Japan. Russia joined as the eighth country in 1997. In 2014, after the outbreak of the Ukraine crisis, Russia was excluded.

本次外长会被视为将于6月在英国举行的七国集团峰会的预热。七国集团由英国、美国、法国、德国、意大利、加拿大和日本组成,俄罗斯1997年加入后成为八国集团。2014年乌克兰危机爆发以后,俄罗斯被排除在外。

In reality, concerning talk about the so-called “China threat”, FMPRC spokesman Zao Lijian has previously emphasized that China adheres unswervingly to the road of peaceful development, we have never provoked a war on our own accord, and never violated an inch of another country’s territory, nor have we ever constituted a threat to any country. Facts have repeatedly proven that China has always been a builder of world peace, a contributor to global development, a protector of international order, and that China’s development is an opportunity for the world.

事实上,关于所谓“中国威胁论”,中国外交部发言人赵立坚此前曾强调,中国坚定不移走和平发展道路,我们从来没有主动挑起过一场战争,也从来没有侵犯过别国一寸领土,不对任何国家构成威胁。事实一再证明中国始终是世界和平的建设者、全球发展的贡献者、国际秩序的维护者,中国的发展是世界的机遇。

Zhao Lijian said that China’s development spells the growth of global peace, that it is the woeld’s opportunity and not a challenge. China has always firmly upheld the international system with the United Nations at the core, based on international law. But that isn’t an international order defined by individual countries to protect their own interests. In the age of globalization, the destruction of international order [happens] for real when lines are drawn along ideology and when countries form small-circled cliques and factions. In the end, this is what really doesn’t enjoy popular support and what doesn’t provide a way out.

赵立坚说,中国的发展是世界和平力量的增长,是世界的机遇而非挑战。中方始终坚定维护的是以联合国为核心的国际体系和以国际法为基础的国际秩序,而不是个别国家为维护自身霸权所定义的国际秩序。在全球化时代,以意识形态划线,拉帮结派,搞针对特定国家的小圈子才是对国际秩序的破坏。这终究是不得人心的,也是没有出路的。

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Related

Wolf Warrior Diplomacy on Vacation, Aug 9, 2020
An unprecedented common cause, June 7, 2013
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Thursday, January 14, 2021

Before you define your next China policy, learn from Lu Xun

Chinese nationalism has had its share of wishful thinking. But in recent decades, the West has fallen into similar traps, although its humiliations – the 2008 financial crisis and the flat-footed reaction of most Western countries to the Covid-19 pandemic – have been comparatively minor humiliations.

True story

But humiliations they have been, and nothing shows this more clearly than the way some of the West’s governments have reacted to China’s handling of the pandemic. To quote one of the more civil criticisms  – by Iain Duncan Smith, a former leader of the United Kingdom’s Conservative Party -, “the world would have had more time to prepare for the pandemic if Chinese leaders had been more forthcoming”. No worries, though, he switched into another gear right away:

For too long, nations have lamely kowtowed to China in the desperate hope of winning trade deals. Once we get clear of this terrible pandemic it is imperative that we all rethink that relationship,” he said.

Politics, that much is true, must never let a crisis go waste, and there are reasons to “rethink” the West’s, and possibly the world’s, relationship with China.

But China only bears a limited share of responsibility for this global crisis. If people in the West don’t understand that, they don’t understand their own political class.

We don’t need to reconsider our relationship with China because its role in the pandemic was questionable.

We must reconsider our relationship with China because we must not tolerate the way Chinese authorities treat Chinese citizens. Human rights violations often hit “national minorities” like Tibetans or Uyghurs hardest, but the political malpractice doesn’t stop there.

We must reconsider our relationship with China because in Hong Kong, Beijing has shown complete disregard for the rule of law, within Hong Kong’s autonomy (that’s nothing new, China has never understood the concept of autonomy anyway), and complete disregard of international law.

We must reconsider our relationship with China because in the South China Sea and other international waters, China has adopted a policy of annexation.

And we must reconsider our relationship with China, because with his “Resist America, Aid Korea” speech in October, Chinese CPC secretary general and state chairman Xi Jinping has made China’s disregard for international law official, by suggesting that Maoist China’s war against the United Nations had been a “war against imperialism”.

There may be some reason to believe that many within the CPC believe that the speech has been a non-starter, because they haven’t dwelled too much on it in the media since, and because the faces of many of the leaders during Xi’s speech appeared to speak volumes. But there is no reason to believe that Xi’s speech wasn’t an honest attempt at rewriting history, at the expense of truth. This attempt must be taken seriously.

All that said, when reconsidering our relationship with China, we must not walk into the Ah-Q trap. This is something we might learn from China indeed: the way Chinese intellectuals used to be self-critical was part of China’s more recent successes, just as China’s more recent pompousness and triumphalism may earn it serious setbacks.

The same is true for us, and especially for those who consider themselves our “elites”. For decades, China has been described as an opportunity too big to miss, and to justify throwing valuable Western-made technology at it. To make this foreign-trade salad more palatable to the general public (and arguably also to the propagandists themselves), China-trade advocates added that trade and engagement with China would lead to improvements in the country’s human rights practice, or its economic and social system.

“The party is over,” a long-forgotten “expert” crowed in the 1990s, in a huge, long-forgotten book. Others suggested that the CPC might become a “social-democratic” party. But nobody seemed to ask the CPC people if they had any such intentions, at least not seriously. And if they did, they only heard the answers they wanted to hear.

There was never a doubt that China’s political system is a dictatorship. And when that dictatorship began to succeed economically and technogically, quite a number of Western intellectuals, and especially business people, began to admire that dictatorship:

I have fantasized–don’t get me wrong–but that what if we could just be China for a day? I mean, just, just, just one day. You know, I mean, where we could actually, you know, authorize the right solutions, and I do think there is a sense of that, on, on everything from the economy to environment. I don’t want to be China for a second, OK, I want my democracy to work with the same authority, focus and stick-to-itiveness. But right now we have a system that can only produce suboptimal solutions.

Don’t get me wrong either. I don’t think Thomas Friedman argued in favor of the introduction of authoritarianism, let alone totalitarianism. But he didn’t apply any logic – and he’s no exception among Western intellectuals. He’s full of ideas and without a plan when it comes to these issues.

Because if we could be China for one day, we could be China every day. And then we would be the kind of society that we now want to reconsider our relationship with. (OK, maybe not Friedman.)

But the worst thing is to think of ourselves as Santa. The guys who only want the best for China, etc.. I’m pretty sure that half of my fellow Germans, in as far as they have misgivings about China, don’t worry about China’s human rights record. They worry about its economic clout, and the preparedness of a lot of Chinese people to work harder, for less income, then we would.

That’s legitimate self-interest, but nobody should confuse this interest with something like international solidarity. To do that, to suggest that “we are nice, we are generous, we’ve done everything for them, and they are bloody ingrats” is typical Ah-Q thought.

No, guys. Our bosses threw our technology at China, technology developed with support of public institutions we paid our taxes for. That’s what our bosses usually do. Sometimes at the Chinese, sometimes at other promising markets. But as our bosses’ greed for profits from China knew no limits, they fooled themselves, too. Occasionally, they complained once it went wrong. But this wasn’t “Chinese” greed – they only picked up what was thrown at them. And even if they never told us that they would make good use of it, with or against the law, daily practice could have shown us in a year that this transactional model wouldn’t work – at least not for the West.

China – not just the CPC, but most of the Chinese people – have always told us that their rightful global place was at the pole position.

They have always told us that they would “re-take” Taiwan, once they had the power to do so.

Every bloke in the street told us that Hong Kong was no stuff to negotiate about – it had been taken by the imperialists, and had to be retaken by China. Besides, those Hong Kongers shouldn’t think of themselves as “special”. Yadayada.

We played along, one year after another. We still do. I’m afraid we’ll continue to do so. Our governments, for example, keep participating in the diplomatic charade to this day that, for some incomprehensible reasons (depending on what individual Western nation’s memoranda with Beijing have made up out of thin air), Taiwan wouldn’t be quite a sovereign country.

In short: it was hard to get China wrong, but we managed anyway. And if we don’t stop suggesting that our intentions in this relationship had always been honest, we won’t get our next China policy right either.

To reshape our relationship with China, let’s learn from Lu Xun first.

Saturday, December 26, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S.” Speech (4): Gasps of Admiration

The following is the 4th and last part of my translation. Links within blockquotes added during translation.

« Part 3

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

In the 60 years since the war to resist america and aid Korea, unprecedented historic and huge changes have taken place under the CPC’s strong leadership, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the Chinese nation has welcomed the huge leap forward*) from standing up to getting rich, from getting rich to becoming strong.

抗美援朝戰爭勝利60多年來,在中國共産黨堅強領導下,中國發生了前所未有的歷史巨變,中國特色社會主義進入了新時代,中華民族迎來了從站起來、富起來到強起來的偉大飛躍。

Today, we stand at the historic confluence of the “Two Centenaries”, with the establishment of a moderately prosperous society in sight, and the shining perspective of a socialist modern country. The road ahead won’t be easy. We must engrave into our memory the hardships and great victory of the war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea, the daring struggle, the improvement through struggle, the advancement despite difficulties, the tenacious movement ahead. We must continuously push forward toward the great cause of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

今天,我們正站在實現“兩個一百年”奮鬥目標的歷史交匯點上,全面建成小康社會勝利在望,全面建設社會主義現代化國家前景光明。前進道路不會一帆風順。我們要銘記抗美援朝戰爭的艱辛歷程和偉大勝利,敢于鬥爭、善于鬥爭,知難而進、堅韌向前,把新時代中國特色社會主義偉大事業不斷推向前進。

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to push the great cause, we must uphold the CPC’s leadership, and with the party, forge even greater strength. The victory in the war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea proved once again that there is no political force that would be a match to the CPC which struggles for the national rejuvenation, the people’s happiness, not hesitating to spill blood, sacrifices its life, doesn’t spare any effort, and unites the masses of hundred millions, leading them continuously toward victory. As long as we don’t forget what got us started, as long as we keep our mission in mind, promote the new great project of party construction with a self-reformative spirit, constantly enhance the party’s leadership strength, its ideologically guiding role, its ability to organize the masses, the power to rally support from within society, the party will always be the most reliable and strongest backbone of the Chinese people!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須堅持中國共産黨領導,把黨鍛造得更加堅強有力。抗美援朝戰爭偉大勝利再次證明,沒有任何一支政治力量能像中國共産黨這樣,為了民族復興、人民幸福,不惜流血犧牲,不懈努力奮鬥,團結凝聚億萬群眾不斷走向勝利。只要我們不忘初心、牢記使命,以自我革命精神全面推進黨的建設新的偉大工程,不斷增強黨的政治領導力、思想引領力、群眾組織力、社會號召力,就一定能夠使黨始終成為中國人民最可靠、最堅強的主心骨!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must adhere to putting the people first, serving the people and relying on the people in all matters. History is created by the people. The power of the Communist Party of China, the power of the people’s military forces has its foundations among the people. We must persevere with the fundamental objective of serving the people with heart and soul, gain advantages for the people, seek the people’s profit, do our duty for the people, assume responsibility for the people, with the people’s yearning for a better future as the unswerving goal of the struggle, and always maintain the ties of flesh and blood with the masses. As long as we adhere to the people’s position and the people’s supremacy, we will definitely arouse a force that can’t be overcome, and definitely keep writing marvelous and magnificent chapters of the great Chinese rejuvenation!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須堅持以人民為中心,一切為了人民、一切依靠人民。歷史是人民創造的。中國共産黨的力量,人民軍隊的力量,根基在人民。我們要堅持全心全意為人民服務的根本宗旨,為民謀利,為民盡責,為民擔當,把人民對美好生活的向往作為始終不渝的奮鬥目標,始終保持黨同人民群眾的血肉聯係。只要我們始終堅持人民立場、人民至上,就一定能夠激發出無往而不勝的強大力量,就一定能夠不斷書寫中華民族偉大復興的精彩華章!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must uphold and promote economic and social development, and continuously expand our country’s comprehensive national power. Those who fall behind will be beaten, and only development can lead to self-strengthening. Ever since New China was founded over seventy years ago, our country has spent decades to complete what developed countries did in centuries, and created a development miracle that caught global attention. Currently, our country is entering a new stage of development, facing new opportunities and challenges. As long as we plan and promote the integration of the five dimensions as a whole, coordinate and promote the “four comprehensives‘” strategy, unswervingly implement the new development concept, and build a new development pattern, we can certainly achieve development of a higher quality which is more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer, making the world gasp in admiration!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須堅持推進經濟社會發展,不斷壯大我國綜合國力。落後就要挨打,發展才能自強。新中國成立70多年來,我國用幾十年時間走完了發達國家幾百年走過的發展歷程,創造了舉世矚目的發展奇跡。當前,我國將進入新發展階段,面對新機遇新挑戰,只要我們統籌推進“五位一體”總體布局、協調推進“四個全面”戰略布局,堅定不移貫徹新發展理念,構建新發展格局,就一定能夠實現更高質量、更有效率、更加公平、更可持續、更為安全的發展,不斷創造讓世界驚嘆的更大奇跡!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must accelerate the promotion of national defense and military modernization, and comprehensively build the People’s Army into a globally front-ranking army. Without a strong army, there can be no strong motherland. To uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, development and security must be planned as a whole. The country must be made wealthy, and the army must be made strong. The party of the new era‘s ideology to strengthen the army must be implemented, the military thrust of the new era must be implemented, the party’s absolute leadership over the People’s Army be persevered with without the slightest sway, the army be politically built, the army be strengthened through reform, through science, through talent, and the army must be ruled by law, its defense of the country’s sovereignty be comprehensively improved, the benefits of its strategic abilities be developed [questionable translation – JR], so as to better fulfill the People’s Army’s mission and duties in the new era. As long as we we keep up with the times in strengthening national defense and building the army, progress and stride forward in accordance with the party’s goals for strengthening the army, it will certainly be able to provide even stronger strategic support for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須加快推進國防和軍隊現代化,把人民軍隊全面建成世界一流軍隊。沒有一支強大的軍隊,就不可能有強大的祖國。堅持和發展中國特色社會主義,必須統籌發展和安全、富國和強軍。要貫徹新時代黨的強軍思想,貫徹新時代軍事戰略方針,毫不動搖堅持黨對人民軍隊的絕對領導,堅持政治建軍、改革強軍、科技強軍、人才強軍、依法治軍,全面提高捍衛國家主權、安全、發展利益的戰略能力,更好履行新時代人民軍隊使命任務。只要我們與時俱進加強國防和軍隊建設,向著黨在新時代的強軍目標闊步前行,就一定能夠為實現中華民族偉大復興提供更為堅強的戰略支撐!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must protect global peace and justice and promote the building of a common-destiny community of mankind. The Chinese nation has always upheld the concept of “close and fair to your neighbor”. As a major responsible country, China holds fast to all of mankind’s values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom, perseveres with the comprehensive governance concept of joint discussion, joint construction and shared benefit. China unswervingly follows the road of peaceful development, cooperative development and common development. As long as we adhere to the road of peaceful development and promote the building of a common-destiny community of mankind together with all countries and peoples, we will certainly invite mankind’s beautiful future of peace and development!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須維護世界和平和正義,推動構建人類命運共同體。中華民族歷來秉持“親仁善鄰”的理念。作為負責任大國,中國堅守和平、發展、公平、正義、民主、自由的全人類共同價值,堅持共商共建共享的全球治理觀,堅定不移走和平發展、開放發展、合作發展、共同發展道路。只要堅持走和平發展道路,同各國人民一道推動構建人類命運共同體,就一定能夠迎來人類和平與發展的美好未來!

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

The world belongs to all the people of the world, the problems and challenges the world is facing require the collaboration of the people from all countries, a search for solutions hand in hand, and only mutually beneficial cooperation is the word’s correct path. In today’s world, unilateralism, protectionism and extreme egoism absolutely don’t work! No continuation in one’s own ways, as the only one who deserves to be honored, no way and behavior of hegemony and bullying, can work! Not only does it not work, but in the end, it will inevitably be a dead-end road!

世界是各國人民的世界,世界面臨的困難和挑戰需要各國人民同舟共濟、攜手應對,和平發展、合作共贏才是人間正道。當今世界,任何單邊主義、保護主義、極端利己主義,都是根本行不通的!任何訛詐、封鎖、極限施壓的方式,都是根本行不通的!任何我行我素、唯我獨尊的行徑,任何搞霸權、霸道、霸淩的行徑,都是根本行不通的!不僅根本行不通,最終必然是死路一條!

China has, all along, pursued a defensive national defense policy, and the Chinese military have always been a resolute force to maintain global peace. China will never proclaim itself hegemon, it won’t expand, and it will resolutely oppose hegemony and power politics. We will not sit and watch national sovereignty, security, and development interests being harmed, and we won’t allow anyone or any force to violate and break up our motherland’s sacred territory. Once such a serious situation occurs, the Chinese people will inevitably deliver a frontal assault!

中國一貫奉行防禦性國防政策,中國軍隊始終是維護世界和平的堅定力量。中國永遠不稱霸、不擴張,堅決反對霸權主義和強權政治。我們決不會坐視國家主權、安全、發展利益受損,決不會允許任何人任何勢力侵犯和分裂祖國的神聖領土。一旦發生這樣的嚴重情況,中國人民必將予以迎頭痛擊!

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

As we are looking back to the great war to aid Korea and resist the U.S., and carrying out new great historic struggles, as we are looking forward to the shining prospect of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation, we are imcomparatively resolute and self-confident. Let us unite even more inseparably and closely around the party’s central committee, enhance the great spirit of aiding Korea and resisting the U.S., valiantly continue to march forward, toward the new order of comprehensively building a modern socialist country, toward bringing about China’s dream of the Chinese nation’s great of rejuvenation!

回望70年前偉大的抗美援朝戰爭,進行具有許多新的歷史特點的偉大鬥爭,瞻望中華民族偉大復興的光明前景,我們無比堅定、無比自信。讓我們更加緊密地團結在黨中央周圍,弘揚偉大抗美援朝精神,雄赳赳、氣昂昂,向著全面建設社會主義現代化國家新徵程,向著實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢,繼續奮勇前進!

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Notes

*) 偉大飛躍 / 伟大飞跃, not to be confused with the “Great Leap Forward” – JR

Monday, December 14, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S. Speech (3): “Pave a Bloody Road”

The following is part 3 of my translation – general info about this speech can be found there.

« Part 2

A note of caution: while Xi Jinping’s Oct 23 speech certainly marks a turn away from seeking truth in the facts, a return to a concept where historical records have to serve propagandistic ends rather than science, and is almost certainly driven by a desire to make the “PLA” fit for action, some of the martial language is not as new as it might seem – the CPC never abandoned militaristic language. While the rallying cry to “pave a bloody road” has become more popular again, it is frequently used to push a domestic political agenda. Deng Xiaoping used the quote in the 1970s or 80s, and he may be the first Chinese politician who ever used it.

Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Korea war veterans attending October 23 commemoration

Xi Jinping, Oct 23, continued:

Comrades and friends!

The great victory in war of resisting the US and helping Korea meant that after having stood up, the Chinese people stood towering in the East of the world, and a manifesto to the world. It was an important milestone on the Chinese nation’s way towards the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, with great and far-reaching significance.

同志們、朋友們!

抗美援朝戰爭偉大勝利,是中國人民站起來後屹立于世界東方的宣言書,是中華民族走向偉大復興的重要裏程碑,對中國和世界都有著重大而深遠的意義。

As a result from this war, the Chinese people smashed the aggressor’s troops at their doorstep, and his scheme to strangle the new China in its cradle, and it could even be said that “one punch now will save a hundred later”, and imperialism would no longer dare to try military power to invade New China. New China really stood on stable feet. This war really said it all. Home and country were tranquil and peaceful, amply showing the Chinese people’s iron will not to submit to violence!

經此一戰,中國人民粉碎了侵略者陳兵國門、進而將新中國扼殺在搖籃之中的圖謀,可謂“打得一拳開,免得百拳來”,帝國主義再也不敢作出武力進犯新中國的嘗試,新中國真正站穩了腳跟。這一戰,拼來了山河無恙、家國安寧,充分展示了中國人民不畏強暴的鋼鐵意志!

As a result from this war, the Chinese people thoroughly swept away the recent age of being trampled upon, the disgraceful century of reliance on others for their air to breathe, proudly threw away the [dunce?] hat of “the sick man of Asia”. the Chinese people felt exhuberent. This war brought out the Chinese people’s spirit and amply demonstrated the tenacious quality of millions of the people all united!

經此一戰,中國人民徹底掃除了近代以來任人宰割、仰人鼻息的百年恥辱,徹底扔掉了“東亞病夫”的帽子,中國人民真正揚眉吐氣了。這一戰,打出了中國人民的精氣神,充分展示了中國人民萬眾一心的頑強品格!

As a result from this war, the Chinese people defeated the aggressor, shook the whole world, established New China’s important position in Asian and international affairs, and manifested its great-power status. This war made the world develop a whole new level of respect, amply demonstrating the Chinese people’s resolute determination to defend peace!

經此一戰,中國人民打敗了侵略者,震動了全世界,奠定了新中國在亞洲和國際事務中的重要地位,彰顯了新中國的大國地位。這一戰,讓全世界對中國刮目相看,充分展示了中國人民維護世界和平的堅定決心!

As a result from this war, the people’s army studied war by being at war, ever braver and stronger, thus achieving important military experience, and a transformation from isolated to integrated military services. They achieved enourmously boosted modernization of defense and military forces. In this war the people’s army’s fighting strength awed the world and amply produced the daring and unyielding inevitable victors!

經此一戰,人民軍隊在戰爭中學習戰爭,愈戰愈勇,越打越強,取得了重要軍事經驗,實現了由單一軍種向諸軍兵種合成軍隊轉變,極大促進了國防和軍隊現代化。這一戰,人民軍隊戰鬥力威震世界,充分展示了敢打必勝的血性鐵骨!

As a result of this war, Asia’s post-2nd-world-war strategic pattern was profoundly rmeolded, the just cause of the world’s oppressed nations and peoples was greatly encouraged, vigorously promoting the cause of global peace and mankind’s progress. It told the common people by unshakable facts that any country, any troops, no matter how strong, would inevitably get bloody heads when they stood in opposition to the currents of global development, insulted the weak, went against the tide, invaded and expanded. This war showed again that righteousness is bound to prevail, and that peaceful development is an unstoppable historic tide!

經此一戰,第二次世界大戰結束後亞洲乃至世界的戰略格局得到深刻塑造,全世界被壓迫民族和人民爭取民族獨立和人民解放的正義事業受到極大鼓舞,有力推動了世界和平與人類進步事業。它用鐵一般的事實告訴世人,任何一個國家、任何一支軍隊,不論多麼強大,如果站在世界發展潮流的對立面,恃強淩弱、倒行逆施、侵略擴張,必然會碰得頭破血流。這一戰,再次證明正義必定戰勝強權,和平發展是不可阻擋的歷史潮流!

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

In the magnificiently unfolding war to resist the US and to aid Korea, the heroic Chinese people’s volunteer army always put the motherland’s and people’s interests above all else, dashed forward with no thought for their own safety, for the dignity of the motherland and the people, with a patriotic spririt, bravely and tenaciously, abandoning life and neglecting death, with the spirit of revolutionary optimism that defies hardships and maintains a high morale, to accomplish the mission the motherland and the people had assigned them with, consecrating all their revolutionary loyalty. For humankind’s cause of peace and justice, they strived in the spirit of internationalism, forging the great spirit of resisting the US and aiding Korea.

在波瀾壯闊的抗美援朝戰爭中,英雄的中國人民志願軍始終發揚祖國和人民利益高于一切、為了祖國和民族的尊嚴而奮不顧身的愛國主義精神,英勇頑強、舍生忘死的革命英雄主義精神,不畏艱難困苦、始終保持高昂士氣的革命樂觀主義精神,為完成祖國和人民賦予的使命、慷慨奉獻自己一切的革命忠誠精神,為了人類和平與正義事業而奮鬥的國際主義精神,鍛造了偉大抗美援朝精神。

The great spirit of resisting the US and aiding Korea reaches across time and space, must be perpetually passed on through the generations, through the ages.

偉大抗美援朝精神跨越時空、歷久彌新,必須永續傳承、世代發揚。

No matter how the times develop, we must forge a national strength of character that defies threats and violence and resists might. Seventy years ago, imperialism took the fever of war to the doorstep of the new China. The Chinese people have a profound understanding that to deal with aggressors, you must speak to them in a language they understand. That means to stop war by war, to ban the spear by military means, to be victorious to win the peace and to win respect. The Chinese people don’t cause trouble, nor are they afraid of trouble. When they confront difficulties and danger, their calves won’t tremble and their waists won’t bend. The Chinese nation can’t be frightened and not be defeated!

無論時代如何發展,我們都要砥礪不畏強暴、反抗強權的民族風骨。70年前,帝國主義侵略者將戰火燒到了新中國的家門口。中國人民深知,對待侵略者,就得用他們聽得懂的語言同他們對話,這就是以戰止戰、以武止戈,用勝利贏得和平、贏得尊重。中國人民不惹事也不怕事,在任何困難和風險面前,腿肚子不會抖,腰桿子不會彎,中華民族是嚇不倒、壓不垮的!

No matter how the times develop, we must unite the masses and join the national forces. In the war to resist the US and aid Korea, the Chinese people, rallying for the cause against the common enemy, joining against the enemy with the same anger, worked as one, let the world witness the enormous power of the Chinese people, and let the world know that “now that the Chinese people have organized, they must not be angered. If angered, they won’t be easily dealt with!

無論時代如何發展,我們都要匯聚萬眾一心、勠力同心的民族力量。在抗美援朝戰爭中,中國人民在愛國主義旗幟感召下,同仇敵愾、同心協力,讓世界見證了蘊含在中國人民之中的磅薄力量,讓世界知道了“現在中國人民已經組織起來了,是惹不得的。如果惹翻了,是不好辦的”!

No matter how the times develop, we must forge a national character that is brave without thought of personal safety, a reborn national staunchness. On the Korean battlefields, the volunteer army’s officers and soldiers faced a strong and cruel enemy, and in a bad and cruel war environment, with skulls flying and blood being spilled, they put up a fighting spirit against overwhelming steel and wrote a majestic epos that scared heaven and earth and made supernational beings cry. The volunteer army’s officers and soldiers charged bravely through rains of bullets, held fast to their positions through indiscriminate bombardments, filling the breaches with their chests, used their bodies as human ladders, stormed into the enemies’ ranks with grenades in their hands, endured hunger and frost without ever shrinking back, giving their lives with burning bodies, “up the hills and skies with their bayonets”.

無論時代如何發展,我們都要鍛造舍生忘死、向死而生的民族血性。在朝鮮戰場上,志願軍將士面對強大而兇狠的作戰對手,身處惡劣而殘酷的戰場環境,拋頭顱、灑熱血,以“鋼少氣多”力克“鋼多氣少”,譜寫了驚天地、泣鬼神的雄壯史詩。
志願軍將士冒著槍林彈雨勇敢衝鋒,頂著狂轟濫炸堅守陣地,用胸膛堵槍眼,以身軀作人梯,抱起炸藥包、手握爆破筒衝入敵群,忍饑受凍絕不退縮,烈火燒身巋然不動,敢于“空中拼刺刀”。在他們中涌現出楊根思、黃繼光、邱少雲等30多萬名英雄功臣和近6000個功臣集體。英雄們説:我們的身後就是祖國,為了祖國人民的和平,我們不能後退一步!這種血性令敵人膽寒,讓天地動容!

No matter how the times develop, we must arouse national wisdom correctly, with innovation and courage. Those brave enough to innovate will advance further, those good at creating will be victorious. The officers and soldiers of the volunteer army were facing an unfamiliar battlefield and an unfamiliar enemy. They adhered to “You make use of what you have, I’ll make use of what I have, and when you use an atomic bomb, I will use my handgrenade”, giving full play to flexible and mobile strategies and tactics. Facing risks and challenges of all kinds facing all kinds of resistance and pressure, the Chinese people will always open roads across the mountain tops, build bridges when encountering waters, show great wisdom and courage, forge ahead with determination and “pave a bloody road”!

無論時代如何發展,我們都要激發守正創新、奮勇向前的民族智慧。勇于創新者進,善于創造者勝。志願軍將士面對陌生的戰場、陌生的敵人,堅持“你打你的,我打我的,你打原子彈,我打手榴彈”,把靈活機動戰略戰術發揮得淋漓盡致。面對來自各方面的風險挑戰,面對各種阻力壓力,中國人民總能逢山開路、遇水架橋,總能展現大智大勇、銳意開拓進取,“殺出一條血路”!

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Tuesday, December 1, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S. speech”: a few remarks

Curt publication

What strikes me while translating Xi Jinping’s October 23 speech, commemorating the Korean War, is Beijing’s departure from seeking truth in the facts. Contrary to what Xi tells in his “majestic epic that scared heaven and earth and made supernatural beings cry” (驚天地、泣鬼神的雄壯史詩), China was involved in North Korea’s and Russia’s war preparations, although probably rather passively and not enthusiastically. China supported an enabled an aggression, rather than defending itself against one. Xi, in his speech, emphasized the need to be “brave to be innovative” so as to “advance further”, and to be “good at creating” so as to be “victorious” (勇于創新者進,善于創造者勝). And if being inventive enough seventy years later to win the Korean War after all (or at least make it useful), so be it, seems to be Xi’s line of thought.

But what is the use of it? The next batches of translation may turn out to be self-explanatory, though there is probably always room for different interpretations. In Xi’s view, China is in dire need of an army that will not only defend the country or to quash uprisings, but that will also be able to invade, for example, Taiwan.

To arouse a “spirit” that defies death, Xi rewrites history. Doing that has a long imperial tradition in China, but to lie as fundamentally as Xi did on October 23 marks a revival of faking the records that hasn’t been seen for decades.

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Related / Updates

Xi speech (1)
Xi speech (2)
Xi speech (3)

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Wednesday, November 4, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S.” Speech (2): “A mighty and majestic War”

This is the second installment of my translation – more info at the top of the previous post.

Xinwen Lianbo’s Kang Hui, Oct 23:
“zhiyuanjuuuuun!”

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

The Chinese nation is a peace-loving nation, and the Chinese people are peace-loving people. In the not-too-distant past, the Chinese people endured the calamity of the Great Powers’ invasion, the bitterness of the ravages of war. For that, they understand the cruelty of war more deeply and cherish peace only more. When New China was in the early stages of its establishment, many things were waiting to be done. The Chinese people were matchless in their longing for peace. But these hopes of the Chinese people suffered a cruel challenge. Imperialist aggressors imposed war onto the Chinese people.

中華民族是愛好和平的民族,中國人民是愛好和平的人民。近代以後,中國人民飽受列強侵略之害、飽經戰火蹂躪之苦,更是深深懂得戰爭的殘酷、和平的寶貴。新中國成立之初,百廢待興,百業待舉,中國人民無比渴望和平安寧。但是,中國人民的這個願望卻受到了粗暴挑戰,帝國主義侵略者將戰爭強加在了中國人民頭上。

On June 25, 1950, the Korean civil war broke out. Setting out from its global strategy and cold-war line of thought, America’s government got militarily involved in Korea’s civil war decision and also dispatched the 7th Fleet into the Taiwan Strait. Early in October 1950, the U.S. Army, not caring about the Chinese government’s repeated warnings, brazenly crossed the 38th parallel, taking the fire of war to the Sino-Korean border. The U.S. Army’s planes invaded Korea and bombed China’s northeast border region several times, causing people serious losses of lives and property. Our country’s security faced a serious threat.

1950年6月25日,朝鮮內戰爆發。美國政府從其全球戰略和冷戰思維出發,作出武裝幹涉朝鮮內戰的決定,並派遣第七艦隊侵入臺灣海峽。1950年10月初,美軍不顧中國政府一再警告,悍然越過三八線,把戰火燒到中朝邊境。侵朝美軍飛機多次轟炸中國東北邊境地區,給人民生命財産造成嚴重損失,我國安全面臨嚴重威脅。

At that critical juncture, and in reply to the Korean party’s and government’s request, the Chinese party and government, with extraordinary boldness and courage, made the decision to resist the U.S. and aid Korea, to guard home and to defend the country. On October 19, 1950, the Chinese People’s volunteer army entered the Korean war theater under the leadership of commander and political commissar Peng Dehuai. This was a deployment of justice.

值此危急關頭,應朝鮮黨和政府請求,中國黨和政府以非凡氣魄和膽略作出抗美援朝、保家衛國的歷史性決策。1950年10月19日,中國人民志願軍在彭德懷司令員兼政治委員率領下進入朝鮮戰場。這是以正義之師行正義之舉。

The war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea was a modernization war fought under the conditions of widely different strengths of the two sides. At the time, China’s and America’s national power was widely apart. Under extremely asymmetric and hard conditions, the Chinese People’s volunteer army cooperated closely with the Korean soldiers, at the first battle at Liangshuidong*), the fierce battle of Unsan, the decisive battle of Ch’ongch’on River, the bitter fighting at Chosin Reservoir – five battles in a row. After that, they built an impenetrable defense position, carried out several offensive attacks, crushed the “Operation Strangle”, resisted the “germ war”, fought the bloody battle of Triangle Hill, thus creating a mighty and majestic war. The nationalities of the entire country sincerely praised the volunteer army officers and soldiers as “the most lovable people”! After a war of extreme hardship, the Chinese and Korean troops defeated the adversary who had been armed to his teeth, destroyed the legend about the U.S. Army being invincible, and forced the arrogant aggressors, on July 27, 1953, to sign the armistice agreement.

抗美援朝戰爭,是在交戰雙方力量極其懸殊條件下進行的一場現代化戰爭。當時,中美兩國國力相差巨大。在這樣極不對稱、極為艱難的情況下,中國人民志願軍同朝鮮軍民密切配合,首戰兩水洞、激戰雲山城、會戰清川江、鏖戰長津湖等,連續進行5次戰役,此後又構築起銅墻鐵壁般的縱深防禦陣地,實施多次進攻戰役,粉碎“絞殺戰”、抵禦“細菌戰”、血戰上甘嶺,創造了威武雄壯的戰爭偉業。全國各族人民由衷稱讚志願軍將士為“最可愛的人”!經過艱苦卓絕的戰鬥,中朝軍隊打敗了武裝到牙齒的對手,打破了美軍不可戰勝的神話,迫使不可一世的侵略者于1953年7月27日在停戰協定上簽字。

During the war of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea, the party central committee was in control of the general situation, carried out powerful war mobilization and correct war guidance. It adopted a policy of striking, stabilizing and building, unfolded a momentous surge of a movement of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea, and all nationalities of the entire country supported this great struggle of resistance for the sake of the future and destiny of the country and the people. In the end, with the great victory, they proclaimed to the world that “gone forever are the times when Western aggressors only needed to deploy a few cannons on the shores of the East, to dominate a country!”

在抗美援朝戰爭期間,黨中央統攬全局,實施有力的戰爭動員和正確的戰爭指導,採取邊打、邊穩、邊建的方針,開展了波瀾壯闊的抗美援朝運動,全國各族人民舉國同心支撐起這場事關國家和民族前途命運的偉大抗爭,最終用偉大勝利向世界宣告“西方侵略者幾百年來只要在東方一個海岸上架起幾尊大炮就可霸佔一個國家的時代是一去不復返了”!

Continues here.

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Related

*) Liangshuidong (Chinese: 兩水洞, Korean: 량수동), a place north of Onjong

 

 

 

 

Monday, November 2, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S., aiding Korea” Speech, full text (1)

The following is the first installment of translating a speech given by CCP secretary general Xi Jinping, at a commemorative session at the “Great Hall of the People” on October 23. I haven’t found a full English translation of it yet – if you are aware of one, please let me know.

Click picture above for Xinhua article

Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main link: live record

Comrades and friends: we are solemnly gathered here today to commemorate the 70th anniversary of Chinese People’s Volunteer Army‘s war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea.

同志們,朋友們:今天,我們在這裏隆重集會,紀念中國人民志願軍抗美援朝出國作戰70周年。

70 years ago, the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army, formed by China’s outstanding sons and daughters, shouldering the people’s trust and the people’s hopes, holding high the just flag of protecting the peace and resisting encroachment, gallantly crossed the Yalu River, making full use of the great spirit of patriotism and revolutionary heroism. Together with the Korean people, they lived through two years and nine months of arduous, extremely bloody struggle, and won a great victory in resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea.

70年前,由中華優秀兒女組成的中國人民志願軍,肩負著人民的重托、民族的期望,高舉保衛和平、反抗侵略的正義旗幟,雄赳赳、氣昂昂,跨過鴨綠江,發揚偉大的愛國主義精神和革命英雄主義精神,同朝鮮人民和軍隊一道,歷經兩年零9個月艱苦卓絕的浴血奮戰,贏得了抗美援朝戰爭偉大勝利。

The great war of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea resisted imperialism’s invasive expansion, defended New China’s security, safeguarded the Chinese people’s peaceful life, stabilized the situation on the Korean peninsula, and protected Asian and global peace.

偉大的抗美援朝戰爭,抵禦了帝國主義侵略擴張,捍衛了新中國安全,保衛了中國人民和平生活,穩定了朝鮮半島局勢,維護了亞洲和世界和平。

The great victory of the war of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea will always be carved into the Chinese nation’s annals! It will always be carved into humankind’s annals of peace, development and progress!

抗美援朝戰爭偉大勝利,將永遠銘刻在中華民族的史冊上!永遠銘刻在人類和平、發展、進步的史冊上!

For the past 70 years, we have never forgotten the immortal merits of the older generation of revolutionaries in protecting international justice, defending world peace, protecting the newly-established People’s Republic, and we have never forgotten the profound significance of the party’s central committee’s and Comrade Mao Zedong’s major decision that year, to dispatch the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army into the war. At this very moment, we would like to show our most deeply-felt memory for the older generation of revolutionaries!

——70年來,我們始終沒有忘記老一輩革命家為維護國際正義、捍衛世界和平、保衛新生共和國所建立的不朽功勳,始終沒有忘記黨中央和毛澤東同志當年作出中國人民志願軍出國作戰重大決策的深遠意義。此時此刻,我們要向老一輩革命家,表示最深切的懷念!

During the past 70 years, we have never forgotten the magnificent song of praise for the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army’s officers and soldiers, and all those who contributed to the great victory in that war. On behalf of the party’s central committee, the state council and the central military commission, I send my most sincere greetings to all the living Chinese People’s Volunteer Army’s veterans, old comrades, disabled honorable military people, and to all those who, in those years, supported the war of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea, those of all the country’s nationalities and especially those supporting the front, to the martyrs’ relatives and their fellow military people.

——70年來,我們始終沒有忘記譜寫了氣壯山河英雄讚歌的中國人民志願軍將士,以及所有為這場戰爭勝利作出貢獻的人們。我代表黨中央、國務院和中央軍委,向所有健在的中國人民志願軍老戰士、老同志、傷殘榮譽軍人,向當年支援抗美援朝戰爭的全國各族人民特別是參戰支前人員,向中國人民志願軍烈屬、軍屬,致以最誠摯的問候!

Over the past 70 years, we have never forgotten the martyrs who heroically sacrificed their lives in the war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea. More than 197,000 heroic sons and daughters gave their precious lives for the motherland, the people, and the peace. The martyrs’ achievements will shine for a thousand years, and the martyrs’ legendary reputation will last forever!

 ——70年來,我們始終沒有忘記在抗美援朝戰爭中英勇犧牲的烈士們。19萬7千多名英雄兒女為了祖國、為了人民、為了和平獻出了寶貴生命。烈士們的功績彪炳千秋,烈士們的英名萬古流芳!

During the war to resist the U.S. and aid Korea, the Korean [Workers] Party, government and people cared for, cherished and helped the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army, the peoples and armies of China and Korea shared weal and woe, depended on each other in life and death, and built a brotherhood of arms with their blood clots. All the peace-loving countries and peoples of the world, all friendly organizations and public figures gave their assistance and support for China’s Volunteer Army entering Korea for the war. On behalf of the Chinese [Communist] party, government and troops, I express heartfelt thanks to them!

在抗美援朝戰爭中,朝鮮黨、政府、人民關心、愛護、支援中國人民志願軍,中朝兩國人民和軍隊休戚與共、生死相依,用鮮血凝結成了偉大戰鬥友誼。世界上一切愛好和平的國家和人民、友好組織和友好人士,對中國人民志願軍入朝作戰給予了有力支援和支持。我代表中國黨、政府、軍隊,向他們表示衷心的感謝!

To be continued.

Continued there

Monday, June 8, 2020

Radio Taiwan International’s Korean Service plans Return to Shortwave

A 2014 photo of Taiwan’s Tamsui transmitters site,
RTI QSL card 2015

After a break of some fifteen years, Radio Taiwan International (RTI) reportedly plans a return to shortwave for its Korean language department. These plans had been raised at an award ceremony for RTI’s Korean department, held by the Korea Shortwave Club in Seoul in November 2019, Taiwan’s Central News Agency (CNA) reported back then. RTI’s board of directors was expected to take a positive decision in January 2020, and RTI’s German service confirmed in a mailbag program on May 29 that the Korean programs would indeed return to shortwave.

This follows the resumption of shortwave transmissions by the foreign broadcaster’s French and Spanish services. According to RTI’s French service’s mailbag program in February, RTI’s management wants the station to use all means of communications available, to raise Taiwan’s profile.

No opening day has apparently been specified, but the switch from the summer to the winter 2020/21 broadcasting season (in late October) doesn’t appear unlikely.

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