Posts tagged ‘foreign investment’

Sunday, July 24, 2022

Headlines: Guanchazhe, Shanghai, July 24

20220224_guanchazhe_press_review

Guanchazhe, headlines at 07:30 UTC

(1)     Actual Guanchazhe article there. Wikipedia has a useful article in English on Wentian space laboratory cabin module
(2)     Link
(3)     It’s more of a rant (you wouldn’t need academics for that, but it probably looks more authoratitve this way).
The article may contain some news for you however if you believe that Western sanctions against Russia are happily supported (or admired) everywhere else in the world
Thursday, February 17, 2022

Deutsche Welle Russian Service: Office closed, back to the Shortwaves?


Deutsche Welle (DW) was considering a return to shortwave for its Russian language service and was checking with airtime providers, DARC Radio, a weekly program broadcast on shortwave by Germany’s main ham radio association, reported on Sunday, quoting “first-hand information”.
There appear to be no other reports that would support or confirm this, however, at least not online, and not from DW itself.

Deutsche Welle’s Moscow bureau had closed on February 4, following a ban by Russian authorities, apparently in retaliation for an earlier ban on broadcasts by Russia’s RT in Germany.

Michaela Küfner, a Deutsche Welle reporter, travelled with federal chancellor Scholz’ delegation to Moscow on Tuesday and asked the first question at the Putin-Scholz press conference that followed the talks between the two leaders. The closing-down of DW’s Moscow bureau was also discussed in the Putin-Scholz meeting of several hours.

The German chancellor’s visit was formally considered an inaugural visit, but probably mainly served collective Western efforts to deal with the ongoing Russia-Ukraine and Russia-NATO tensions.

deutsche_welle_qsl_schwerin_motiv

From Nordstream Country with love: a DW QSL card featuring the Cathedral of Schwerin, capital of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Saturday, December 25, 2021

Russia in the Indo-Pacific

The following is a translation of an introduction by Radio Taiwan International’s (RTI) Mandarin program “Serving the People” (為人民服務), discussing Russia’s role in the region loosely defined as the “Indo-Pacific”.

russian_built_gepard_3_9_frigate_quang_trung

Russian-built Gepard 3.9 frigate Quang Trung,
public domain

Lu Ssu-pin (魯斯濱), a columnist on Russian military affairs, discusses Russia’s involvement in the Indo-Pacific, and especially its ties with ASEAN, in “Serving the People’s” December 23 edition. The discussion can be listened to there (button top right).

No great secrets are revealed there, but while Russia’s business in the region doesn’t go unreported by Western media, it may often be underestimated. This includes areas of conflict with China.

Ssu also touches on the revival of the Russian language in Vietnamese lesson plans. The numbers don’t look overwhelming, but according to Ssu, Russian technology (such as military technology or its Global Navigation Satellite System) can be rather well absorbed by ASEAN countries, and is affordable, while a lot of Western technology isn’t.

Main link:
Russia also gets involved in Indo-Pacific, Russia and China singing different tunes (俄羅斯也插手印太 俄中各唱各的調)

The statement issued on December 12 after the G7 foreign ministers’ meeting in Liverpool emphasized that the G7 member states wanted to establish an investment and trade circle democracies so as to respond to China’s coercive economic policies more unitedly. Russia was also warned not to rashly use force against Ukraine as [Moscow] would face serious economic costs. U.S. secretary of state Antony Blinken travelled right on for visits to Southeast Asia, with the clear intention to draw in allies to crowd around China.

12月12日在英國利物浦落幕的G7外長會議發表聲明,強調G7成員國要在民主國家間建立投資圈經貿圈,以便團結應對中國的脅迫性經濟政策,而且還警告俄羅斯不要輕易對烏克蘭動武,否則將面對沉重經濟代價。美國國務卿布林肯在會後更直奔東南亞訪問,拉近盟友圍攏中國的意圖非常明顯。

This G7 foreign ministers’ meeting’s main emphasis appears to be on building a united front in response to China and Russia. However, if the Chinese friendship with Russia is what it appears to be is a different story. Concerning the South China Sea, for example, Russia’s approach is rather indistinct. It does, by no means, support China as imagined by the outside world when it comes to the South China Sea.

這次G7外長會議,統一陣線應對中國與俄國,顯然是最大重點。不過,中國與俄羅斯之間是否如表面的友好,又是另當別論。比方在南海,俄羅斯的態度就非常模糊,並不像外界所想像的那樣在南海事務上支持中國。

A confrontation erupted in waters disputed between China and Indonesia not long ago. Beijing accused Indonesia of building exploratory wellheads in oil and gas fields delimited by China. A Russian state-owned energy giant happens to be this oil and gas field’s owner1. Before that, Russia also helped Vietnam with oil and gas extraction work, among them some fields also delimited by China in accordance with its so-called nine-dash line2. This lead to Chinese dissatisfaction.

中國與印尼不久前在南海有爭議水域爆發爭執對峙。北京指責印尼在中國所劃定的海疆線內為一處油氣田區塊開鑿探井。俄羅斯國有能源巨頭恰好是這塊油氣田的所有人。而在印尼之前,俄羅斯也幫越南從事油氣開採,其中的一些油氣田區塊因為同樣位於中國所劃定的所謂「九段線」內而導致中國不滿。

All the same, Russia’s cooperation with Indonesia and Vietnam has continued.

儘管中國不滿,俄國與印尼和越南的能源合作一直在進行中 。

Also, early in December, ASEAN carried out the first joint maritime exercise with Russia. In the southeast Asian region As relations between the southeast Asian region and China continue to intensify, the question against who these may be directed is also up to the outside world’s imagination.

另外,12月初, 東南亞國家協會(ASEAN)也跟俄羅斯舉行了第一次聯合海上軍事演習。在東南亞地區和中國的緊張關係不斷升溫的同時,聯合軍演到底針對誰,也令外界有無限想像空間。

We have asked Lu Ssu-pin to discuss his observations with us.

今天節目我們請魯斯濱談談他的觀察。

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Notes

1     Zarubezhneft, according to reports
2     Wikipedia, accessed Dec 24

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Related

America, Japan: a more equal Relationship, May 22, 2016
Gas Deal, but no Military Alliance, May 23, 2014
“Like Polar Bears, no bit of humanity”, July 22, 2012
Indonesia-Russia Relations, Wikipedia
Russia-Vietnam Relations, Wikipedia
____________

Thursday, December 9, 2021

CPC Economic Work Plan 2022: Manufacturing Chain Resilience, Discipline Inspection Regulations, and a warm Two-Festivals Season

The following Xinhua report was also broadly reported on Monday night’s (China local time)  main evening news, Xinwen Lianbo. “Stability” enjoys a preference among China’s leadership, and that also seems to be the case for “social development”, along with economic development (统筹疫情防控和经济社会发展).

In addition to the meeting described in the following translation, Xi Jinping also “solicited opinions and suggestions concerning economic work” from dangwais, also on Monday. Contrary to the Xinwen Lianbo report on the CPC politburo meeting, the coverage of the dangwai ceremony was accompanied by video footage.

01_dangwai_huiyi

Maome

02_dangwai_huiyi

Not daring to speak


Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main link: Xi Jinping chairs politburo meeting, analyzes 2022 economic work

 

According to Xinhua, Beijing, December 6, the central committee’s politburo held a meeting on December 12, analysed and researched 2022 economic work, heard the central disciplinary national inspection and supervision work report, studied and arranged the 2022 clean-party-building and fighting-corruption work, and gave consideration to the “work regulations for the CPC discipline inspection commission”. CPC secretary general Xi Jinping chaired the meeting.

据新华社北京12月6日电 中共中央政治局12月6日召开会议,分析研究2022年经济工作;听取中央纪委国家监委工作汇报,研究部署2022年党风廉政建设和反腐败工作;审议《中国共产党纪律检查委员会工作条例》。中共中央总书记习近平主持会议。

The meeting believed that this year had had milestone historical significance for the party and the state. We have calmly esponded to situations with lasting effects and to the global pandemic, did our outmost to complete the enormous tasks of reform and development, and put the “14th five-year plan” to a good starting point. Our national economic development maintains a leading global position, th national strategic technological strength sees accelerated development, manufacturing chain resilience and advantages have been upgraded, reform and opening have been promoted in-depth, the people’s livelihood has been efficiently guaranteed, and construction of ecological civilizsation continuously promoted.

会议认为,今年是党和国家历史上具有里程碑意义的一年,我们从容应对百年变局和世纪疫情,奋力完成改革发展艰巨任务,实现“十四五”良好开局。我国经济发展保持全球领先地位,国家战略科技力量加快发展,产业链韧性和优势得到提升,改革开放向纵深推进,民生保障有力有效,生态文明建设持续推进。

The meeting demanded next year’s economic work to be done well, to be guided by Xi Jinping’s Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and to fully implement the spirit of the Party’s 19th National Congress and the second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth plenary sessions of the CPC’s 19th Central Committee. [The meeting demanded] that the spirit of the great construction of the party be enhanced, the overall main key of making progress while ensuring stability be persisted in, the new development concept be completely, accurately and thoroughly be carried out, the construction of the new development pattern be accelerated, reform and opening be comprehensively deepened, innovation-driven development be persisted in, high-quality development be promoted, the central line of supply-side structural reform be maintained, wholistic plans for epidemic prevention and economic as well as social development be applied, wholistic plans for development and security be applied, the good work on the “six stabilities” and “six guarantees” be continued, the hard work at stability be maintained, the economy be kept operating within reasonable ranges, general social stability be maintained, and the victorious 20th CPC national conference be welcomed.

会议要求,做好明年经济工作,要以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,全面贯彻落实党的十九大和十九届二中、三中、四中、五中、六中全会精神,弘扬伟大建党精神,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,完整、准确、全面贯彻新发展理念,加快构建新发展格局,全面深化改革开放,坚持创新驱动发展,推动高质量发展,坚持以供给侧结构性改革为主线,统筹疫情防控和经济社会发展,统筹发展和安全,继续做好“六稳”、“六保”工作,持续改善民生,着力稳定宏观经济大盘,保持经济运行在合理区间,保持社会大局稳定,迎接党的二十大胜利召开。

The following paragraph re-emphasizes the need for ” making progress while ensuring stability” (and putting stability first – “稳字当头”), for expanded domestic demand, a steady monetary policy, consumption recovery, supply chain resilience, and also it mentions affordable housing (including support for the commercial building industry), plus a “virtuous circle” of science & technology, industry, and finance. In Chinese:

会议强调,明年经济工作要稳字当头、稳中求进。宏观政策要稳健有效,继续实施积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策。积极的财政政策要提升效能,更加注重精准、可持续。稳健的货币政策要灵活适度,保持流动性合理充裕。实施好扩大内需战略,促进消费持续恢复,积极扩大有效投资,增强发展内生动力。微观政策要激发市场主体活力。要强化知识产权保护。结构政策要着力畅通国民经济循环,提升制造业核心竞争力,增强供应链韧性。要推进保障性住房建设,支持商品房市场更好满足购房者的合理住房需求,促进房地产业健康发展和良性循环。科技政策要加快落地,继续抓好关键核心技术攻关,强化国家战略科技力量,强化企业创新主体地位,实现科技、产业、金融良性循环。改革开放政策要增强发展动力,有效推进区域重大战略和区域协调发展战略,抓好要素市场化配置综合改革试点,扩大高水平对外开放。社会政策要兜住民生底线,落实好就业优先政策,推动新的生育政策落地见效,推进基本养老保险全国统筹,健全常住地提供基本公共服务制度。

The meeting pointed out that the importance of doing good work concerning the turn of the year and making sure that the masses’ were going to have a good “two-festivals” season1). Maintain prevention of the coronavirus re-entering the country and causing a new epidemic, and do the prevention work precisesly and solidly. Have a wholistic plan for the arrangement of coal, electricity, oil and gas transportation guarantees, ensure that the laobaixing keep warm during winter. Payment of the migrant workerss’ wages need to be ensured. the Beijing Winter Olympics and Paralympics work be well done, and a marvelous distinguished Olympic gathering be guaranteed.

会议指出,要做好岁末年初各方面工作,确保人民群众过好“两节”。坚持“外防输入、内防反弹”,科学精准扎实做好疫情防控工作。统筹安排煤电油气运保障供应,确保老百姓温暖过冬。要保障农民工工资发放。要做好北京冬奥会、冬残奥会筹办工作,确保办成一届简约、安全、精彩的奥运盛会。

The meeting pointed out that under the strong leadership of the party central committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection had, at all levels, faithfully carried out the responsibilities assigned to them by the party constitution and statute. closely centered around the “four consciousnesses”, strengthen the “four confidences”, achieve strengthened political supervision of the “two upholds”, promote solid progress in political inspection, unremittingly pursue the promotion and implementation of the spirit of the central eight-point regulations, correct and punish the chronic “four winds” diseases, promote the struggle for the building of “party work style and clean government” without a single pause, resolutely bring problems with corruption and work style under control that affect the masses, unfold supervision and law enforcement in line with the rules and regulations, solemnly change the general attitude towards discipline, deepen the use of the “four forms”, deepen reform of the disciplinary inspection and supervision, increase the degree of self-constraint and self-purification, continuously improve the integrated promotion of effectiveness of not daring to, not being able to and not wanting to commit corruption, and to provide strong guarantees for a good start for the 14th five-year plan.

会议指出,在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,中央纪委国家监委和各级纪检监察机关忠实履行党章和宪法赋予的职责,紧紧围绕增强“四个意识”、坚定“四个自信”、做到“两个维护”强化政治监督,扎实推进政治巡视,持之以恒推动落实中央八项规定精神,着力纠治“四风”顽瘴痼疾,一刻不停推进党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争,坚决整治群众身边腐败和作风问题,依规依纪依法开展监督执纪执法工作,严肃换届纪律风气,深化运用“四种形态”,深化纪检监察体制改革,加大自我约束、自我净化力度,不断提升不敢腐、不能腐、不想腐一体推进综合效能,为“十四五”开好局起好步提供了坚强保障。

The meeting pointed out that the courage to conduct self-revolution is a significant mark that makes our party different from other political parties. The sixth plenary session of the 19th central committee had comprehensively summarized the party’s one-hundred years of struggle, its successes and historic experience, so as to show the way to deepening and promoting the new-era party’s self-revolution, and to comprehensively and strictly govern the party. Discipline and supervision work must be guided by Xi Jinping socialism-with-Chinese-characteristics-in-the-new-era ideology, comprehensively implement the spirit of the party’s 19th national conference’s as well as its 19th central committee’s second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth plenary sessions, maintain the overall main key of making progress while ensuring stability, maintain seeking truth from facts, keep to the right path and innovate and, based on the new development phase, to completely, accurately and comprehensively implement the new-development concept, construct a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, make conscious use of experience from the party’s century of historic struggle, always maintain the spriit of self-revolution, keep to the strategic guideline of strictly governing the party, unswervingly carry the clean-party-building and fighting-corruption to the end, continue to deepen the integrated promotion of not daring to, not being able to and not wanting to commit corruption, integrated exercise of power to achieve awe through punishment, institutional constraints and improved awareness, efforts for the achievement of more institutional results and greater administrational efficiency, strengthen the standardization of inspection and supervision organs, the construction of rule of law and standardization, and bring the supervision, guarantee, implemantation and promotion of development still better into play.

会议强调,勇于自我革命是我们党区别于其他政党的显著标志。党的十九届六中全会全面总结党的百年奋斗重大成就和历史经验,为深入推进新时代党的自我革命、全面从严治党指明了前进方向。纪检监察工作要以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中、四中、五中、六中全会精神,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,坚持实事求是、守正创新,立足新发展阶段,完整、准确、全面贯彻新发展理念,构建新发展格局,推动高质量发展,自觉运用党的百年奋斗历史经验,永葆自我革命精神,坚持全面从严治党战略方针,坚定不移将党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争进行到底,持续深化不敢腐、不能腐、不想腐一体推进,惩治震慑、制度约束、提高觉悟一体发力,努力取得更多制度性成果和更大治理成效,加强纪检监察机关规范化、法治化、正规化建设,更好发挥监督保障执行、促进完善发展作用。

Before this, secretary general Xi Jinping chaired a meeting of the politburo’s standing committee, heard the central discipline inspection commission’s 2021 work report and 19th central discipline inspection commission’s sixth plenary session peparatory report.

此前,习近平总书记主持召开中央政治局常委会会议,听取中央纪委国家监委2021年工作情况和十九届中央纪律检查委员会第六次全体会议准备情况汇报。

The meeting agreed to next year’s 19th central discipline inspection commission’s sixth plenary meeting to take place from January 18 to January 20.

会议同意明年1月18日至20日召开十九届中央纪律检查委员会第六次全体会议。

The meeting pointed out that the central discipline inspection commission members at all party levels are the party’s internal organs with specific responsibilities, with the “work regulations for the CPC discipline inspection commission”, since the 18th national conference, deepening and summarizing the theoretical, practical and institutional results from comprehensively and strictly governing the party, promoting party work style and clean government & deepening discipline inspection institutional reform, having provided operational, duties and comprehensive standards for discipline inspection leadership systems at all levels.

会议指出,党的各级纪律检查委员会是党内监督的专责机关,《中国共产党纪律检查委员会工作条例》深入总结党的十八大以来全面从严治党、推进党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争、深化纪检监察体制改革的理论成果、实践成果、制度成果,对党的各级纪律检查委员会的领导体制、产生运行、任务职责等作出全面规范。在建党百年之际制定出台《条例》,彰显了我们党勇于进行自我革命的坚强决心。

The meeting emphasized the need to promote discipline inspection and supervision work to serve the party’s and state’s work better, to bring more effectiveness into play at organizational setups, to link discipline and law enforcement together into a new structure, to maintain systematic treatment of both causes and symptoms. There is a need for clear-cut limits of power, for strict internal control mechanisms by a rule-by-law line of thought and lawful methods strengthen supervision, for corruption prevention, to continuously build comprehensive organizational systems, operational guidelines and approval procedures, in accordance with supervisory work regulations. There is a need for the building of high-quality and specialized disciplinary inspection cadre units, a strengthening of achieving a political consciousness of the “two upholds”, for strengthening ideological training, political experience, practical training, professional training, continuous improve one’s self-immunity and ones’s sense of duty, fulfillment of duty, unity of sense and fulfillment of duty, and to be a model for respecting discipline and the law.

会议强调,要推动纪检监察工作更好服务党和国家工作大局,在组织体系上发挥新效能,在贯通执纪执法上形成新机制,坚持系统施治、标本兼治。要明确权力边界,严格内控机制,以法治思维和法治方式强化监督、防治腐败,不断健全符合纪检监察工作规律的组织制度、运作方式和审批程序。要建设高素质专业化纪检监察干部队伍,增强做到“两个维护”的政治自觉,加强思想淬炼、政治历练、实践锻炼、专业训练,不断提高自身免疫力,知责于心、担责于身、履责于行,自觉做遵纪守法的标杆。

Editor: Zhao Xi
Source: Xinhua News Agency

编辑 赵熹
来源:新华社

____________

Notes

1)   international and lunar new year / new year’s eve and spring festival
2) formalism (xíngshì zhǔyì) bureaucracy (guānliáo zhǔyì), hedonism (xiǎnglè zhǔyì) and luxury (shēmí)
Wednesday, July 28, 2021

FMPRC Press Release re Taliban visit: “the East Turkestan Islamic Movement is an international terrorist organization”

The following is a translation of a press release by the Chinese foreign ministry. Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main Link: Wang Yi meets with Abdul Ghani Baradar, person in charge of Afghanistan’s Taliban political committee

On July 28, 2021, State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi met in Tianjin with Abdul Ghani Baradar, person in charge of Afghanistan’s Taliban political committee, who is on a visit to China with a delegation. People in charge of the Talibans’ religious committee and propaganda committee are travelling with Baradar.

2021年7月28日,国务委员兼外长王毅在天津会见来华访问的阿富汗塔利班政治委员会负责人巴拉达尔一行。阿塔宗教委员会和宣传委员会负责人同行。

Wang Yi said that China is Afghanistan’s biggest neighbor, has always respected Afghanistan’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, has always maintained non-interference in domestic politics, and always pursued a friendly policy to the entire Afghan people. Afghanistan belongs to the Afghan people, Afghanistan’s future and destiny must be in the hands of the Afghan people. America’s and NATO’s hurried withdrawal from Afghanistan actually symbolizes the defeat of America’s Afghanistan policy, and the Afghan people now had a major opportunity to stabilize and develop their own country.

王毅表示,中国是阿富汗最大邻国,始终尊重阿主权独立和领土完整,始终坚持不干涉阿内政,始终奉行面向全体阿富汗人民的友好政策。阿富汗属于阿富汗人民,阿富汗的前途命运应该掌握在阿富汗人民手中。美国和北约从阿仓促撤军,实际上标志着美对阿政策的失败,阿人民有了稳定和发展自己国家的重要机遇。

Wang Yi pointed out that Afghanistan’s Taliban are an influential military and political force in Afghanistan, showing promise to play an important role in the peace, mediation and reconstruction process. It was hoped that the Afghan Taliban would put attach most importance to the national and the people’s interests, hold high the banner of peace talks, establish peace objectives, establish a positive image, and pursue a policy of tolerance. All factions and ethnic groups should unite unanimously, genuinely implement a principle of “Afghans lead, Afghans own”, promote the process of peace and mediation to achieve substantial results, independently establish a broad and tolerant government structure that corresponds Afghanistan’s national conditions.

王毅指出,阿塔是阿富汗举足轻重的军事和政治力量,有望在阿和平和解和重建进程中发挥重要作用。希望阿塔以国家和民族利益为重,高举和谈旗帜,确立和平目标,树立正面形象,奉行包容政策。阿各派别、各民族应团结一致,真正把“阿人主导、阿人所有”原则落到实处,推动阿和平和解进程尽早取得实质成果,自主建立符合阿富汗自身国情、广泛包容的政治架构。

Wang Yi emphasized that the “East Turkestan Islamic Movement” is an international terrorist organization listed by the United Nations security council and an immediate threat to China’s national security and territorial integrity. To crack down on the “East Turkestan Islamic Movement” is a common responsibility of the international community. It was hoped that the Afghan Taliban would draw a firm dividing line between themselves and the “East Turkestan Islamic Movement” and similar organizations, to apply resolute and effective strikes, clear out obstacles for regional security, stability and development cooperation, play a positive role and create favourable conditions.

王毅强调,“东伊运”是被联合国安理会列名的国际恐怖组织,对中国国家安全和领土完整构成直接威胁。打击“东伊运”是国际社会共同责任。希望阿塔同“东伊运”等一切恐怖组织彻底划清界限,予以坚决有效打击,为地区安全稳定及发展合作扫除障碍,发挥积极作用,创造有利条件。

Baradar expressed thanks for the opportunity to visit China. He said that China had always been a good trustworthy friend to the Afghan people, and praised China’s just and positive role in the Afghan peace and mediation process. The Afghan Taliban were sincere in striving for real peace, wanted to work together with all sides in a commitment to the establishment of a broad and tolerant government structure accepted by the entire Afghan people, with a guarantee for human rights and the rights of women and children. Afghanistan would not allow any forces to use Afghan territory to do things that would endanger or harm China. The Afghan Taliban believed that Afghanistan should develop friendly relations with its neighbors and the international community. The Afghan Taliban hoped that China would participate even more in Afghanistan’s peace and reconstruction process, and play a big role in future Afghanistan’s economic development. The Afghan Taliban would also make efforts of their own to create an investment-friendly environment.

巴拉达尔对有机会到访中国表示感谢。表示中国一直是阿富汗人民值得信赖的好朋友,赞赏中方在阿和平和解进程中发挥的公正和积极作用。阿富汗塔利班对争取和实现和平抱有充分诚意,愿与各方一道,致力于在阿建立广泛包容、被全体阿人民接受的政治架构,保障人权和妇女儿童权益。阿塔决不允许任何势力利用阿领土做危害中国的事情。阿塔认为阿富汗应同邻国和国际社会发展友好关系。阿塔希望中方更多参与阿和平重建进程,在未来阿重建和经济发展中发挥更大作用。阿塔也将为营造适宜的投资环境作出自己的努力。

Also on the same day, assistant foreign minister Wu Jianghao held talks with Baradar and his delegation and had in-depth exchanges of ideas about matters of common concern, enhancing understanding and broadening consensus.

同日,外交部部长助理吴江浩同巴拉达尔一行举行会谈,就共同关心的问题深入交换了意见,增进了了解,扩大了共识。

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Related

Promising Profits, Febr 19, 2018
Syrian oppositionals visit China, Febr 17, 2012
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Thursday, March 11, 2021

Earthly Miracles and Stable Expectations

Just a look at a few headlines, mostly “NPC”-session-related, more or less.

“On its own” – former East German SED paper “Junge Welt”
marvels at socialism with Chinese characteristics

1. Creating and overcoming poverty

Xi Jinping declared victory in the fight against poverty on December 4 last year, writes David Bandurski of the China Media Project (CMP), but also quotes voices that consider Xi’s declaration premature, based on previous “poverty creation”, and the “victory” itself to be possibly unsustainable.

It’s all about the Xi himself, CMP concludes, citing an example from China’s English-language propaganda, and the earthly miracles (人间奇迹) he is doing.

2. State Council’s economic policies

China’s authorities will stick to the “six stabilities” and “six guarantees”, and “put employment first”, chief state councillor Li Keqiang told an international press conference on Thursday afternoon local time. China’s “premiers” traditionally do Q &A with the press once a year, in the wake of the annual “National People’s Congress” sessions.

The “six stabilities” (六稳) include stable employment (稳就业), stable finance (稳金融), stable foreign trade (稳外贸), stable foreign investment (稳外资), stable investment (稳投资 – that would be domestic, it seems), and stable expectations (稳预期).

The “six guarantees” (六保) are about ensuring employment among residents (保居民就业), the people’s basic livelihood (保基本民生), the market as the main part (保市场主体), food and energy security (保粮食能源安全), supply chain stability (保产业链供应链稳定) and grassroots operations  (保基层运转, meaning authorities and measures taken at or near the grassroots level).

While the “six stabilities” state domestic and foreign investment all in a row, Li confirmed the main role for the “domestic cycle as the main body” (国内大循环为主体) of a “dual circulation” system as he answered a question from Singapore’s “Lianhe Zaobao” correspondent. Rather than committing China’s leadership, Li quoted an unspecified entrepreneur as saying that to grasp the domestic cycle meant to develop the domestic market further, and that to grasp the “dual circulation” meant to develop the international markets further, and both markets could still open access.

我在代表团讨论的时候,一位企业家说,抓住内循环就是要开拓国内市场,抓住双循环就是要开拓国际市场,两个市场还可以打通。他说得很朴实,但言简意赅。

3. Quote of the Month

Radio has no memory.

Except yours and mine. Just like Jonathan Marks, I taped many radio broadcasts, and occasionally, I’m digitalizing bits of it. Systematically, but very slowly. It’s going to take years.

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Wednesday, March 3, 2021

Xi – Duda telephone minutes: China is a responsible great power under Xi’s leadership




All the news that’s fit to print

The following is a translation of a news item from CCTV’s main evening news program, Xinwen Lianbo. Links added during translation.

State Chairman Xi Jinping had a telephone conversation with Polish President Andrzej Duda in the evening of March 1.

国家主席习近平日晚同波兰总统杜达通电话。

Xi Jinping pointed out that Poland is a big country in the eastern European area and an important member of the European Union. It is also a comprehensive strategic partner for China in Europe. China has always1 attached great importance to the development of Sino-Polish relations. After the outbreak of the new corona pneumonia pandemic, China and Poland have kept watch of and defended one another2, developed a good cooperation in going back to work and cooperating in pandemic prevention and control, thus writing a new chapter of friendship between the two countries. In the current situation, China and Poland must strengthen their strategic communication even further, deepen pragmatic3 cooperation, and jointly react to any crisis or challenge. China, together with Poland, wants to promote Sino-Polish relations in the new year and get them into a steady mode.

习近平指出,波兰是中东欧地区大国和欧盟重要成员国,也是中方在欧洲的全面战略伙伴。中方一向高度重视中波关系发展。新冠肺炎疫情发生后,中波守望相助,在疫情防控、复工复产等方面开展良好合作,谱写了两国友好新篇章。当前形势下,中波双方更加需要加强战略沟通,深化务实合作,共同应对各种风险挑战。中方愿同波方一道,推动中波关系在新的一年行稳致远。

Xi Jinping emphasized that China wants to continue its exchange with Poland, concerning joint prevention and control and exchanges about experience gained in the process, and resume orderly contacts between the two sides. China wants to provide Poland with vaccines, in accordance with Poland’s needs and what China can do.4 During the pandemic, Travels and freight of Sino-European freight trains between China and Poland reached a historic height, reflecting the high degree of supply-chain interdependence. This also shows the enormous potential of economic and trade cooperation between the two sides. China will, by establishing a Sino-Middle-Eastern-European countries’ cooperation framework with relevant mechanisms, promote the import of more Polish excellent-quality food products. The completion of the Sino-EU Comprehensive Agreement on Investment negotiations will open up a wider space for Sino-Polish cooperation5.

习近平强调,中方愿继续同波方加强联防联控和疫情防治经验交流,同时稳妥有序恢复人员往来。中方愿根据波方需求,在力所能及范围内向波方提供疫苗。疫情期间,往返于中波的中欧班列开行量和运货量创下历史新高,反映出中波、中欧供应链产业链高度相互依存,也表明双方经贸合作潜力巨大。中方将通过建立中国-中东欧国家合作框架内有关机制,推动进口更多波兰优质农食产品。中欧完成投资协定谈判,将为中波合作开辟更加广阔的空间。

Xi Jinping pointed out that not long ago, the Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries6 summit was successfully held. I, with you and other national leaders have comprehensively reviewed the development of China-CEEC relations, thoroughly summarized development experiences, jointly looked ahead to development prospects, reached broad consensus, produced important plans and outlooks for cooperative mechanisms. With the CEEC summit as a new starting point, China wants to make joint efforts with Poland to promote Sino-CEEC and Sino-EU relations to become even more fruitful.

习近平指出,前不久中国-中东欧国家领导人视频峰会成功举行,我同你和其他各国领导人全面回顾中国-中东欧国家合作发展历程,深入总结发展经验,共同展望发展前景,达成广泛共识,为合作机制作出重要规划和引领。中方愿同波方一道努力,以这次峰会为新起点,推动中国-中东欧国家合作和中欧关系收获更多成果。

Duda said that Xi Jinping’s state visit to Poland in 2016 had vigorously advanced the development of Polish-Chinese relations. Not long ago, Chairman Xi Jinping had successfully chaired the CEEC summit which had promoted CEEC countries’ cooperation with China, critically helping CEEC countries to achieve economic recovery after the pandemic. Poland highly appreciated Xi Jinping’s promise that China would work to be a global supplier of new-corona-pneumonia pandemic-related products, and China’s wish to cooperate with CEEC countries, concerning the pandemic. This proved that China, under Chairman Xi’s leadership, was playing a responsible role as a great power. He hoped that both sides would continue to maintain contacts and cooperation in all fields and promote balanced growth of bilateral trade. Poland wnted to continue to contribute to the CEEC countries’ cooperation with China.7 I look forward to visiting China again after the pandemic8, I wish to continue close and friendly contact with Chairman Xi, and to jointly promote Polish-Chinese relations to take further steps.

杜达表示,习近平主席2016年对波兰的国事访问有力促进了波中关系发展。前不久习近平主席成功主持召开中东欧国家-中国领导人视频峰会,这对促进中东欧国家同中国合作、助力中东欧国家实现疫后经济复苏非常重要。波方高度赞赏习近平主席承诺中国致力于将新冠疫苗作为全球公共产品并表示愿同中东欧国家开展疫苗合作。这证明中国在习近平主席领导下发挥着负责任的大国作用。波方愿同中方加强抗疫合作。中欧班列为抗击疫情发挥了重要作用。希望双方继续保持各领域人员往来和合作,促进双边贸易平衡增长。波方愿继续为中东欧国家同中国合作作出贡献。我期待疫情过后再次访华,愿同习近平主席保持密切友好交往,共同推动波中关系迈上新台阶。

Notes

1一向isn’t exactly the usual word for “always” in Chinese speeches and seems somewhat more limited in its reach into the past, but I don’t remember the more frequently used word right now.

2No idea how this Mencius quote used here by Xi was translated to Duda (and what Duda thought when he heard it). Xi attaches great importance to an image as a learned paramount leader, and won’t slow down even when he talks to foreigners.

3Pragmatic cooperation – arguably a signal that Xi tries to take Polish history and the country’s narration of liberty and independence into account while talking to a conservative foreign politician. Poland used to be much more China-skeptical during the earlier rule of Polands governing conservative PIS party.

4According to a spokesman, Duda had brought the issue up “during phone talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping after a request by Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki”.

5During the negotiations last year, Poland was, reportedly, the only EU member country to raise “serious objections to the deal with China, suggesting that earlier consultations with the Biden administration were needed”.

7Such efforts from Poland would certainly be welcome in Beijing. More recently, the Sino-CEEC project hasn’t been as enthusiastically supported as in the past, reportedly, although “chilly” is probably quite an exaggeration.

8Reportedly, Xi invited Duda.

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Related

Monument Policies, April 15, 2016

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Sunday, August 9, 2020

Wolf Warrior Diplomacy on Vacation, while Party expects Returns on Investment

Twitter can be fun, but would be a waste of time if all the information you can get passes by without some reflection on it. Learning by repetition. Here goes.

China’s recent diplomacy has been referred to as wolf warrior diplomacy (戰狼外交) in recent months – or in fact for years (as Sweden can tell) -, but it has become a much more frequently used term with the COVID-19 crisis.

As Washington and Beijing traded accusations and conspiracy theories about the COVID-19 origins during the first half of 2020, Beijing’s propaganda machine continuously switched gears between angry statements and more or less funny cartoons on “social media” platforms like Twitter, depicting Trump administration officials as dorks or hypocrites. Chinese foreign ministry (FMPRC) spokesman and communications director Zhao Lijian as well as Chinese media outlets like CCTV-English, People’s Daily in English, Xinhua news agency etc. took leading roles in “anti-American” (反美) enunciations.

But wolf warrior diplomacy apparently didn’t lead to results that would have satisfied Beijing after all. On Tuesday (August 4), China’s ambassador to the US, Cui Tiankai, told an NBC anchor and a wider online public that

The normalization of relations between our two countries and the growth of this relationship over the decades has served the interests of both countries and the world very well. It’s quite clear to all of us are still enjoying the positive outcome, the benefit of this growth of relationship. Nobody can really deny this.

Societal differences should provide opportunities for mutual learning, Cui suggested.

Cui himself didn’t have to make a u-turn to emphasize the “positive outcomes” of Sino-US relations – he had never been a wolf warrior diplomat anyway, and Washington wouldn’t have been the place to test these fruits of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era / Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy anyway. And when he made the essential swipe – there needs to be one in every Chinese representation to Americans these days, to show that the speaker is not afraid of his audience -, he smiled as if he wanted to apologize for what he was saying.

Click picture for video

His boss, foreign minister Wang Yi, didn’t have to turn everything upside down either. But to show that Xi has always been a great supporter of dialogue, he inaugurated a Research Center for the Guiding Role of Xi Jinping’s diplomatic Thought at the FMPRC on July 20.

According to “Radio Free Asia” (apparently not safely verified), fifty-centers have been told to switch their messages from “anti-American” to “double-win” (click picture for details)

Thusly illuminated, foreign minister Wang addressed an online forum of American and Chinese think tanks (including Henry Kissinger and Kevin Rudd, apparently) on July 9, Germany’s foreign minister Heiko Maas in a video conference on July 24 (not without informing his colleague in Berlin that the problems in Chinese-American relations are all created by America), and, most recently, the readers of Communist Party organ “People’s Daily”.

Chances are that US secretary of state Pompeo and his network have struck the right note in communication with Beijing during the past months, and distancing from China could become a bipartisan American policy. However, the Trump administration may not be able to take traditional allies as far along in their cause as they would like to.

Australian foreign minister Marise Payne told a press conference with US secretary of state Michael Pompeo that “we make our own decisions and we use our own language”, and that “the relationship with China is important and we have no intention of injuring it”.

Sydney Morning Herald correspondents wrote on August 1 that Joe Biden, the US Democrats’ presidential nominee, was

expected to be closer to what Australia is trying to do: transition to a multipolar region where Beijing is accommodated but counterbalanced by regional powers including Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Vietnam and the US.

At times, Trump and Pompeo’s approach seems to be an attempt to maintain the US as regional hegemon – something Canberra quietly gave up on a few years ago.

[Lowy Institute executive director] Fullilove says in some ways a Biden administration would be tougher on China and may make requests of Australia which are harder to refuse.

The correspondents also pointed out that both Japan and New Zealand, while basically following the US / Australia lines, had kept a rather low profile, thus protecting their trade interests with China.

Germany wasn’t exactly the first country either to throw a gauntlet at Beijing, or to publicly take note of China’s internment policies in East Turkestan, or its breach of international law by imposing its “national security law” on Hong Kong. Berlin’s position was further complicated as Germany’s leadership currently chairs the EU in a rotational arrangement, having to find as much common ground among Beijing-leaning EU member states and more resilient members.

Only when Hong Kong’s government announced a “postponement” of Legislative Council elections by a year, ostensibly because of the special administrative region’s COVID-19 crisis, Germany joined other countries and suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong. On August 3, French foreign ministry sharply criticized Beijing’s “national security law”, and halted ratification of its extradition treaty with Hong Kong, which had been in process since 2017.

A few days earlier, and five days after his conversation with Germany’s foreign minister, Wang Yi had been on the phone with his French counterpart Jean-Yves Le Drian,

Austrian public radio ORF‘s China correspondent Josef Dollinger arguably provided one of the more succinct summaries of European policies. Asked on July 29, the morning when the EU governments presented their agreed reaction to Beijing’s Hong Kong policy, if Washington’s chances of isolating Beijing could be successful, he said that conflicts with China could not be painless, and that while

you can ride a tiger gone wild without getting bucked off – difficult as that may be -, you shouldn’t keep shouting “I’ve got him, I’ve got him.”

Man kann zwar auf einem wild gewordenen Tiger reiten, ohne abgeworfen zu werden – auch wenn’s schwierig ist -, aber man sollte dabei nicht ständig rufen, “ich hab’ ihn, ich hab’ ihn”.

In the EU, disappointment about stalling talks on a comprehensive investment treaty with China have likely added to a hardening position.

And while America’s allies have resisted Pompeo’s calls to join them on the warpath, it does appear that China underestimated the impact of its Hong Kong policies, at least in democratic countries.

All the more, Wang Yi himself, too, tries to stick to a script that would paint China as the natural and predetermined victor to emerge from the beginning struggle. Among some double-win promises, he also threatened America with history’s pillar of shame (恥辱柱).

No matter how much, or little, pressure China may feel as a whole, Beijing’s diplomats are having a tough time of it. It is one thing to open a Xi-Jinping shrine at the FMPRC. To deliver on hard issues is another. The leadership and its personality core have significantly raised investment in diplomacy. They will expect more than just damage control in return.

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