Posts tagged ‘economy’

Monday, July 6, 2020

One Country, our System: all Development comes from the Party

The following are excerpts from a “Xinwen Lianbo” newsitem on Sunday (July 5). It may give you an idea as to why the international response to Beijing’s demolition of Hong Kong’s autonomy has been rather weak. News like this from “Xinwen Lianbo” is addressing two spheres of the global public: mainlanders at home (in awe of their own collective greatness), and business people or people with business interests (at home, in Hong Kong, and abroad).

Notice the extensive use of Xi Jinping‘s party titles: “comrade” or “secretary general”. Xinwen Lianbo presents the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area project as a party feat, rather than as a national or, God forbid, regional achievement.

Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main Link: Greater Bay Area Construction of the past three years: promotion of accelerated regional integration
大湾区建设三年来 区域融合加快推进

CCTV news (Xinwen Lianbo): to promote the construction of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area is the major strategic decision taken by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core. Secretary General Xi Jinping pointed out that it was necessary to seize the great opportunity of constructing Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, to join hands with Hong Kong and Macau to accelerate and promote related work, to create an international front-ranking bay region and a world-class city conglomerate. Since the Greater Bay Area construction had been started, infrastructure of “hard connectivity”, institutional “soft connectivity“, integration and equidirectional advances of the three territories of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau have made the Greater Bay Area enter a new stage.

央视网消息(新闻联播):推进粤港澳大湾区建设,是以习近平同志为核心的党中央作出的重大战略决策。习近平总书记指出,要抓住建设粤港澳大湾区重大机遇,携手港澳加快推进相关工作,打造国际一流湾区和世界级城市群。大湾区建设启动以来,粤港澳三地基础设施“硬联通”、体制机制“软联通”,加快融合、同向共进,大湾区建设步入新阶段。

Recently, the first lane of the Greater Bay Area’s Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge tunnel project and the artificial island’s underwater joints have been successfully completed, making in- and outside communications between the Greater Bay Area cities more convenient and fast.

近日,大湾区重大交通工程——深中通道海底隧道的第一节沉管,顺利完成与人工岛的水下对接,大湾区城市间的内联外通将更加便捷。

Xi Jinping explains how to use a bridge
– click picture for video

The Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge connection of some 38 kilometers is the first cooperational construction under “one country, two systems”: – the large cross-seas traffic project of the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge. In October 2018, Secretary General Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony. He emphasized that the great bridge had to be applied and managed well, so as to play an important role in the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area.

距深中通道38公里外,就是“一国两制”下粤港澳三地首次合作共建的超大型跨海交通工程——港珠澳大桥。2018年10月,习近平总书记出席了开通仪式,他强调,要用好管好大桥,为粤港澳大湾区建设发挥重要作用。

[…]

The news item continues with examples of “hard connectivity” within the Greater Bay projects, such as Fanhai Bridge, Mingzhu Bay Bridge, and other cross-river connections.

On July 30, 2019, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area’s first research-foundation brought about cross-border free circulation and “cross-border money, cross-border travels, tax balance”. A joint experiment by Tsinghua Research Institute, Pearl River Delta has earned itself the Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Commission’s “Technology Start-up Support Scheme for Universities”.

2019年7月30日,粤港澳大湾区首笔科研资金实现跨境自由流动,实现了“钱过境、人往来、税平衡”。清华珠三角研究院的一项联合试验,已获得香港创新科技署的“大学科技初创企业资助计划”。

Recently, Shenzhen’s Guangming Science City has welcomed the first batch of province-level laboratories. A large number of top-notch domestic research institutions continue to establish themselves in the Greater Bay Area and have attracted more than 4,000 high-class talents from home and abroad.

近日,深圳光明科学城迎来了首批省级实验室。一大批国内顶尖的科研机构陆续进驻大湾区,已吸引了来自国内外的4000多位高水平人才。

[…]

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Related

Unshrinking police, July 3, 2020
Beijing-Tianjin-Xiong’an Inspection, Feb 3, 2019

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Thursday, May 21, 2020

President Tsai Ing-wen begins her Second Term, Inaugural Speech in full

in Chinese

in English

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Related

A second term, Jan 13, 2020
“We uphold our principles”, Jan 2, 2019
First Double-Ten speech, Oct 11, 2016
Economy with new bones, May 20, 2016
She’s back, April 15, 2015

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Related / Updates

Domestic in Focus, J. A. Cohen, May 21, 2020

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Sunday, May 10, 2020

East Turkestan: Deep Awareness of the Party Central Committee’s correct Judgment

The following is a comparatively short article from the “Xinjiang United Front” website, a republication of a Tianshan Net article – see “main link” underneath the following screenshots). It does, however, contain a number of slogans.

Links within blockquotes – including some links to explain said slogans – were added during translation.

Please note that if there haven’t been two meetings of the regional party committee’s expanded standing committee (or two consecutive days of one), there seems to be some confusion about the day it was held.

May 6 according to XNTV

… and May 7 according to the press

Anyway, here goes.

Main link: Meeting held by Autonomous Region Party Committee (expanded) Standing Committee

Meeting held by Autonomous Region Party Committee (expanded) Standing Committee

Autonomous Region Party Committee (expanded) Standing Committee conveys the learning of the spirit of Secretary General Xi Jinping’s important speech held at the Central Politburo Standing Committee’s meeting

自治区党委常委(扩大)会议传达学习习近平总书记在中共中央政治局常委会会议上的重要讲话精神

Perfecting and normalizing institutions of prevention and institutions

完善常态化防控体制机制

Continuously improving public health management capabliities

不断提升公共卫生治理能力

Chen Quanguo presides over meeting

陈全国主持会议

Tianshan Net News (All media reporters Yao Tong and Wang Xingrui) — In the afternoon of May 5, the Autonomous Region Party Committee held a Standing Committee’s (expanded) meeting, conveyed the learning of the spirit of Secretary General Xi Jinping’s important speech held at the Central Politburo Standing Committee’s meeting, studied our Region’s suggestions for thorough implementation. The Autonomous Region’s party secretary Chen Quanguo presided over the meeting.

天山网讯(全媒体记者姚彤 王兴瑞报道)5月7日下午,自治区党委召开常委(扩大)会议,传达学习习近平总书记在中共中央政治局常务委员会会议上的重要讲话精神,研究我区贯彻落实意见。自治区党委书记陈全国主持会议。

The meeting pointed out that all the Region’s departments had to learn and implement the spirit of Secretary General Xi Jinping conscientiously, strengthen the “four consciousnesses”, resolutely hold on to the “four confidences”, achieve the “two protections”, redouble the esteem for the major strategic achievements in the fight of preventing, controlling and stopping the epidemic under the forceful leadership of the party central committee with Xi Jinping at the core, develop a deep awareness of the party central committee’s correct judgment of the current epidemic prevention and control situation, conscientiously come up to the central committee’s strategic decision-making and deployment with unity in thought and action, resolutely overcome negligent trains of thought, war-weariness, wishful thinking and negligent attitudes, to put the masses’ life, safety and good health first all along, unvaveringly adhere to preventing the virus from re-entering the country and epidemics flaring up again, move forward to perfecting normalization of prevention and control institutions, adjust implementation of prevention and control measures accurately, sustain improvement of bordercrossing prevention and control capabilities, strengthen prevention and control work in key locations and focal groups of population, guide the masses of all ethnicities to protect themselves well, and resolutely consolidate the hard-won epidemic prevention and control achievements.

会议指出,全区各地各部门要认真学习贯彻习近平总书记重要讲话精神,增强“四个意识”、坚定“四个自信”、做到“两个维护”,倍加珍惜在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下疫情防控阻击战取得的重大战略成果,深刻认识党中央对当前疫情防控形势的准确判断,切实把思想和行动统一到以习近平同志为核心的党中央决策部署上来,坚决克服麻痹思想、厌战情绪、侥幸心理、松劲心态,始终把维护人民群众生命安全和身体健康放在第一位,牢牢坚持外防输入、内防反弹不动摇,进一步完善常态化防控体制机制,细化落实精准防控措施,持续提升边境口岸防控能力,
强化重点场所、重点人群防控工作,引导各族群众做好必要的自我防护,坚决巩固来之不易的疫情防控成果。

The meeting emphasized the need to focus on repairing the weakest links, stopping leaks, strengthening weak points, strengthening and perfecting major epidemic prevention and control  institutions and emergency response management systems as well as deepening reform of medical care and health institutions, epidemic prevention and control systems, lawful public health guarantees, and prevention, control, rescue and medical treatment, and conscientiously improve abilities to respond to sudden flare-ups of major public health incidents.

会议强调,要聚焦补短板、堵漏洞、强弱项,加快完善重大疫情防控体制机制和公共卫生应急管理体系,深化医药卫生体制、疾病预防控制体系、公共卫生法治保障、重大疫情防控救治等重点领域改革,切实提高应对突发重大公共卫生事件的能力水平。

The meeting pointed out that it was necessary to effectively develop the Patriotic Health Movement, to keep putting prevention first, to combine prevention and treatment, to innovate ways and methods, to increase propaganda and guidance, to perfect the infrastructure, promote normalization of city and countryside environmental integrated regulation and institutionalization, to strengthen, setting out from the different fields of human habitat and environment improvement, eating habits and social and mental health, continuously strengthen all ethnic masses’ health awareness, cultivate good hygiene habits, to continue cultivating civilizational health, and a green and environmentally protective way of life.

会议指出,要扎实开展爱国卫生运动,坚持预防为主、防治结合,创新方式方法,加大宣传引导,完善基础设施,推进城乡环境综合整治常态化、机制化,从人居环境改善、饮食习惯、社会心理健康等多方面入手,不断增强各族群众的健康意识,养成良好卫生习惯,持续培育文明健康、绿色环保的生活方式。

The meeting emphasized that it was necessary to maintain overall planning of epidemic prevention and control as well as economic and social development, to stick closely to the task to build a moderately prosperous society, maintain the keynote of making progress within stability under the precondition of epidemic prevention and control normalization, do solid and good work at the “six stabilities”, to comprehensively implement the task of the “six guarantees”, to further comprehensively plan economic and social development, escaping poverty, maintaining stability and the other items of work, to resolutely protect the generally stable situation of economic and social development, to ensure the completion of the decisive battle and the determination of victory in escaping poverty and in assaulting fortified positions, and to comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society.

会议强调,要坚持统筹推进疫情防控和经济社会发展,紧扣全面建成小康社会目标任务,在疫情防控常态化前提下,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,扎实做好“六稳”工作,全面落实“六保”任务,进一步统筹做好经济社会发展、脱贫攻坚、维护稳定等各项工作,坚决维护经济发展和社会稳定大局,确保完成决战决胜脱贫攻坚目标任务,全面建成小康社会。

Shohrat Zakir, Shewket Imin, Wang Junzheng, Li Pengxin, Xu Hairong, Erkin Tunyaz, Tian Wen, Sha’erheti Ahan*), Yang Xin and others attended the meeting.

雪克来提 · 扎克尔、肖开提 · 依明、王君正、李鹏新、徐海荣、艾尔肯 · 吐尼亚孜、田文、沙尔合提 · 阿汗、杨鑫等出席会议。

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Note

*) Apparently no Kazakh name available. Sha’erheti Ahan is Kazakh, a member of East Turkestan’s party committee, head of the “autonomous” region’s labor union, and (that’s the way I read it) the union’s acting party secretary.
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Related

Xi chairs symposium with dangwais, CCTV, May 9
党外人士座谈会, 三点希望, People’s Daily, May 8

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Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Taiwan: COA Relief Efforts for Pork Industry

The following is a translation of a news item published by Fishery Radio Station (渔业广播电台, FRS), in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, on March 17, 2020. Links within blockquotes added during translation. FSR operates a medium transmitter in Baisha, Penghu main island (the Penghu Islands are also known as Pescadores Islands). FSR reportedly also retransmits programs from Radio Taiwan International‘s (RTI) Indonesian service.  As of 2019, 22,000 Indonesians reportedly worked on Taiwanese fishing boats, often under violations of their rights as employees.

Main link: In response to pneumonia situation, Council of Agriculture will help pork producers with financial relief (因應肺炎疫情,農委會多管齊下助養豬業紓困)

Affected by the Wuhan pneumonia virus, demand for pork in the market has recently fallen, and pork prices have been sliding. The Council of Agriculture pointed out on a press conference on the topic of providing financial relief in the epidemic situation that the weekly supply quantity on the live pig market was 143,000 heads, an increase of 11,000 heads compared with the same seasons of the past five years, and an auction price of 5,886 Yuan [New Taiwan dollars], a decline of 14.5 percent compared with the same season of the past five years. The Council of Agriculture said that in connection with the factors of live pig prices’ drops, it is speculated that besides the rise in production of live pigs compared with the same season last year, the epidemic situation has created a situation where the populace ate out less frequently, making pork prices drop. Toward this, the Council of Agriculture suggested more financial relief measures, hoping pig farmers to get through the difficulties. Deputy commissioner Chen Junne-jih said that in the current situation of overproduction, the elimination of low-reproducing sows will speed up, and then spur the entire structural industrial adjustment. The Council of Agriculture will also subsidize livestock farmers with low-interest loans, and encourage industrial organizations to promote the sales of home-made pork. The Council of Agriculture will also follow the example of short-term sales of leafed vegetables in the domestic market, popularize the use of home-grown pork in rural schools’ lunches, and increase unscheduled supplies of home-grown pork to the army, starting on March 16. Deputy commissioner Chen also pointed out that currently, the Council of Agriculture was also coordinating a reduction in pigs supplies by Taiwan Sugar Corporation, and a stop in supplies to the meat market*), to let prices rise again. He also hoped for the current epidemic situation crisis to take a turn for the better, so that the industrial structure would be able to consolidate and to rise again. (Chin Ching)

受武漢肺炎疫情影響,近期市場豬肉需求量下降、豬價下滑。農委會在13日的肺炎紓困疫情記者會上指出,目前毛豬市場每周供應量14.3萬頭,較近5年同期增加1.1萬頭;拍賣價格5,886元,較近5年同期下跌14.5%。農委會表示,針對毛豬價格下滑的因素,目前推測除了因為毛豬較去年同期增養外,也可能是受疫情影響造成民眾外食減少、豬肉需求下降。對此,農委會也提出多項紓困措施,期盼幫助豬農度過難關。副主委陳駿季表示,針對目前超養的現況,會加速低產種母豬淘汰,進而帶動整體產業結構調整。農委會也會補助畜牧業者低利貸款,並獎勵產業團體辦理推廣國產豬肉促銷活動。另外,農委會也會比照短期葉菜類內銷方式,推廣偏鄉學校營養午餐使用國產豬肉,並自16日起不定期對國軍增加供應國產豬肉。陳副主委指出,目前農委會也協調台糖公司做豬隻減供,自16日起至3月底停供肉品市場,讓價格能逐漸回升。他也期許這次疫情能化危機為轉機,讓產業結構能調整並再升級。(秦晴)

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Note

*) Can’t tell if this applies only to Taiwan Sugar Corporation or to the entire industry.

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Related

Penghu mass media, Wiki, acc March 18

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Thursday, December 26, 2019

Presidential Elections 2nd Debate

A video showing yesterday’s (December 25, 2019) second round of the presidential elections debate between President Tsai Ing-wen (DPP), the KMT’s nominee and Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu, and James Soong Chu-yu (PFP). (The design doesn’t seem to suggest that the rebroadcaster would be entirely above party lines. Indeed, according to Wikipedia, Sanlih Entertainment Television (SET) “leans heavily to the Pan-Green Coalition.”)

There’s also a transcript on Facebook. – a great chance for us learners of the Chinese language to read along.

No warranty for the completeness and accuracy of either source.

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Update

A third debate is scheduled for December 27 at 7 p.m. Taiwan standard time (that should be 11 a.m. UTC), to be broadcast by Taiwan Television (TTV).

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Related / more Updates

“Real debate” on Dec 29, Taiwan News, Dec 27, 2019

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Thursday, October 17, 2019

CCTV News, Oct 12: High-Quality Employment

The following is a translation of a news item from CCTV‘s 19:00 h flagship newscast “Xinwen Lianbo”, titled Efforts in many fields for the steady realization of high-quality employment (多领域发力 稳步实现高质量就业, main link).

The statistics should be taken with some salt – there isn’t much reason to believe that Xi Jinping‘s “new era” (spelling higher pressure on regional and local officials to deliver victorious results) whould come with more accurate numbers than in the previous decade of collective leadership. However, the reports are probably not completely out of tune with daily lives either, because that would make for rather inefficient propaganda.

While CCTV apparently authored the news item, other websites have republished it, including that of the Chinese state council and Sina.com.

This news item came after coverage on Xi Jinping’s visit to India and his talks with Indian prime minister Narendra Modi (items 1 and 2), and Li Keqiang chairing a session of the national energy commission (item 3).

It was then followed (and ideologically complemented) by news about cultural activities in all regions to promote “patriotism” (item 5), young students striving to become “keepers of the dream of national rejuvenation” (item 6), and visiting students from Hong Kong experiencing the great era and merging into national development (item 7).

Ticker: help companies' rapid development - cut taxes

Familiar approach: “help companies’ rapid development – tax reductions set them free” – click photo for video

Xinwen Lianbo — Employment is the biggest livelihood of the people. From January to August this year, 9.84 million new jobs have been added at city and town levels, thus arriving at nearly ninety percent of the planned number this year. Behind the generally stable employment situation is increased employment quality and a richer development scene.

央视网消息(新闻联播):就业是最大的民生。今年1至8月,我国城镇新增就业984万人,完成了全年计划的近九成,就业形势整体稳定的背后,是就业更高质量、更充分发展的新图景。

As night falls, tourists in Yichang, Hubei Province, prepare to board a pleasure boat for a night trip on the Yangtze River.

夜幕降临,在湖北宜昌,游客们准备登游轮夜游长江。

One of the Yangtze nighttime travelling project’s features is that it has added two-hundred new jobs. A mountain light show put up by Hengpocun village at Pingyao, Shanxi Province, has not only kept all villagers from idling, but has also brought more than three-hundred villagers from peripheral villages into employment, too. The number of entities taking part in the Jiangnan1) “evening economy” has reached ten-thousand households and has brought more than 11,000 people into work.

宜昌一个长江夜游项目的推出,就增加了近200个就业岗位;山西平遥横坡村布设的山间灯光展,不仅让全村无闲人,还带动周边村庄300多人就业;济南参与“夜间经济”的市场主体达到1万户,带动就业超过11,000人。

The newly developing economy’s vitality broadens the scale of employment. The emergence of new industries and the upgradings of traditional ones create more high-class and more high-quality employment opportunities.

新兴经济的活力源,扩大着就业规模。而新产业的出现和传统产业的升级,创造着更多高层次和更高质量就业机会。

In a warehouse at Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, mechanical arm operator Wang Feifei runs about a dozen mechanical arms as scheduled. Once a manual worker packing the warehouse’s outgoing goods, the company’s production line mechanization upgrades have helped him to discover job upgrading opportunities, too. By taking part in training courses, he didn’t only rise from a worker’s position to that of an engineer, but his payment has also risen by nearly 40 percent.

在浙江嘉兴1的一家物流仓库,机械臂操作师王飞飞操纵着十几台机械臂有序忙碌着。曾经作为人工出库打包员的他,企业生产线的机械化升级,让他也发现了职业升级的机会。通过参加培训,他不仅从普通工人升级为了工程师,工资也增长了近40%。

Nowadays, more manpower is moving from traditional industries to the internet and digital economy, as well as to other new industries. The China Academy of Information and Communications Technology‘s (CAICT) “2019 China Digital Economy Development and Employment White Paper” shows that in 2018, China’s digital economy’s job number was at 191 million, with an increase widely above that of the overall number of newly created jobs nation-wide. A list published by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social security this year includes thirteen new professions, supporting people who are looking for more valuable and more personalized professional development.

如今,更多的劳动力从传统产业中转移出来,向互联网、数字经济等新行业发展。中国信息通信研究院发布的《中国数字经济发展与就业白皮书(2019年)》3显示,2018年中国数字经济领域就业岗位为1.91亿个,增速大大高于同期全国总就业规模增速。人社部今年公布了一张包含13个新职业的榜单,支持人们寻求更高价值、个性化职业发展。

Since this year, the state, by implementing more ample and more high-quality employment policies, has sustained pressure and compacting. To strengthen technical skills, 100 billion Yuan have been taken from unemployment insurance fund surpluses, to carry out skills upgrades and vocational retraining with a focus on university students, migrant workers and other key communities. Accurate classification and assistance in finding jobs, job security, universally beneficial tax cuts and non-wage labor cost reductions as well as other “burden reduction” measures have helped enterprises in keeping up their strength in creating jobs.

今年以来国家把实现更加充分、更高质量就业的政策持续压紧压实。强技能,国家从失业保险基金结余中拿出1000亿元实施职工技能提升和转岗转业培训;瞄重点,聚焦大学生、农民工等重点群体,精准分类,帮扶就业;稳岗位,实行普惠性减税、社保费率降低等一系列 “减负”措施,让企业就业承载力强。

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Notes

1) The actual CCTV script says “Jinan” (济南), which would be Shandong Province’s capital. This is probably a typo and should spell “Jiangnan”, i. e. the region south of the Yangze under this name.

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Related

Li Keqiang’s consolation tour, Febr 4, 2017
Li Keqiang visiting the poor, Febr 14, 2015

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Li Peng obituary: firm measures, brimming with feelings

Main Link: Central Committee’s, NPC Standing Committee’s, State Council’s and Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference’s Li Peng obituary

Xinhua — Beijing, July 23. The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China and the Standing Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference declare in deep sorrow that the outstanding member of the Chinese Communist Party, the time-tested, loyal warrior of Communism, distinguished proletarian revolutionary, politician, splendid leader of the party and the state, member of the Communist Party of China’s 12th Central Committee’s Politburo, Party Secretariat Secretary, Member of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Central Committee Politburo, former Chief State Councillor, and head of the 9th National People’s Congress Head of Committee, Comrade Li Peng, has died in Beijing on July 22, 2019, after medical treatment had been unsuccessful. He was aged 91.

新华社北京7月23日电 中国共产党中央委员会、中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会常务委员会、中华人民共和国国务院、中国人民政治协商会议全国委员会沉痛宣告:中国共产党的优秀党员,久经考验的忠诚的共产主义战士,杰出的无产阶级革命家、政治家,党和国家的卓越领导人,中国共产党第十二届中央政治局委员、中央书记处书记,第十三届、十四届、十五届中央政治局常委,国务院原总理,第九届全国人民代表大会常务委员会委员长李鹏同志,因病医治无效,于2019年7月22日23时11分在北京逝世,享年91岁。

Comrade Li Peng was born in Chengdu, Sichuan update, July 28: as a Sichuanese from Chengdu, in October 1928. He was born into a revolutionary family, with his father heroically dying a martyr while [Li Peng] was a child. In his early years, he was influenced by his family, took up revolutionary ideology on his own initiative, and threw himself into the revolutionary cause. in March 1941, he came to Yan’an to take part in revolutionary work, receiving revolutionary theoretical, scientific and cultural education, and joined the CCP in November 1945. During the war of liberation, he followed the party organization’s call and rushed to the frontline, serving as a technician at Jinchao Electric Company, at the Harbin Oil and Grease Factory, and party branch secretary. In September 1948, he went to the Soviet Union, to study there in accordance with the party’s arrangements. After his return to China in 1955, he asked for a job at the grassroots on his own initiative, serving as deputy director and chief engineer at Fengman Power Plant, as chief engineer at the Northeast electric power administration, as the dispatch office’s bureau chief, and as Fuxin Electric Power Plant director. From 1966 to 1979, he was successively appointed acting secretary of Beijing Power Bureau’s party committee, director of the revolutionary committee, director and party secretary of Beijing Electric Power Administration. He was attacked during the “Cultural Revolution” period, but he adhered to the principles of the party spirit, of seeking truth in the facts, and to struggle. From April 1979, he was deputy minister for energy and both party leadership group member and the North China Power administration’s party secretary. Then he became minister for energy and party secretary, deputy minister for water resources and electric power and deputy party secretary, and creatively implemented the party strategy of “electric power first”, issued the appropriate development of electric power, ahead of his time, and promoted our country’s remarkable progress in power station construction, power-grid management and other fields. He was an outstanding leader in our country’s electric power industry, and an important pioneer of nuclear power.

李鹏同志1928年10月生,四川成都人。他出身革命家庭,幼年时父亲英勇就义,少年时期受家庭影响,主动接受革命思想,立志投身革命事业。1941年3月,他到延安参加革命工作,接受革命理论和科学文化知识教育,1945年11月加入中国共产党。解放战争时期,他响应党组织号召奔赴前线,历任晋察冀电业公司技术员,哈尔滨油脂厂协理、党支部书记。1948年9月,根据党组织安排到苏联留学。1955年回国后,他主动要求到基层工作,历任丰满发电厂副厂长、总工程师,东北电业管理局副总工程师、调度局局长,阜新发电厂厂长。1966年至1979年,历任北京供电局党委代理书记、革委会主任,北京电业管理局局长、党组书记。“文化大革命”期间,受到冲击,但他坚持党性原则,实事求是,进行斗争。1979年4月起,历任电力工业部副部长、党组成员兼华北电业管理局党组书记,电力工业部部长、党组书记,水利电力部副部长、党组副书记,他创造性地贯彻党中央“电力要先行”战略,提出电力适度超前发展,推动我国在电站建设和电力生产、电网管理等方面取得长足进步,是我国电力工业的杰出领导人、核电事业的重要开创者。

In June 1983, Comrade Li Peng became deputy chief state councillor, in September 1985 he became a member of the politburo at the 12th Central Committee’s fifth plenary session, and Party Secretariat Secretary. He was in charge of energy, transportation, key transportation building projects, took part in the development of the 7th Five-Year Plan guidelines, promoted the establishment of integrated communications and transportation system and fundamental construction organizational reform. In November 1987, Comrade Li Peng was chosen as member of the politburo and the politburo’s standing committee at the first plenary session of the 13th Central Committee, and during the same month, at the 23rd meeting of the National People’s Congress session, he was made acting Chief State Councillor. In April 1988, at the first session of the 7th National People’s Congress, he was made Chief State Councillor. He firmly implemented, managed, reorganized and deepened the guidelines of reform, explored new means and methods of macro-managing the national economy, and promoted our national economy’s breakaway from its predicaments and its entry into a new period of development. In the political disturbances of spring and summer 1989, with the firm support of the old proletarian revolutionary generation with Deng Xiaoping as their representative, Comrade Li Peng took a clear-cut stand, and together with the majority of the comrades at the politburo, he took firm measures to curb the unrest, to suppress counter-revolutionary rebellion, thus playing an important role in this fateful struggle concerning the party’s and the country’s future prospects.

1983年6月,李鹏同志任国务院副总理,1985年9月在中共十二届五中全会上增选为中央政治局委员、中央书记处书记。他分管能源、交通、重点建设项目等工作,参与研究“七五”计划能源交通方面的发展方针,推动建立综合统一的交通运输体系和基本建设体制改革,加快重大技术装备研制步伐。1987年11月,李鹏同志在中共十三届一中全会上当选为中央政治局委员、常委,同月在六届全国人大常委会第二十三次会议上被任命为国务院代总理。1988年4月,在七届全国人大一次会议上被任命为国务院总理。他坚决贯彻治理整顿和深化改革的方针,探索对国民经济进行宏观调控的新手段和新方法,推动我国经济摆脱困境、进入新的发展时期。1989年春夏之交的政治风波中,在以邓小平同志为代表的老一辈无产阶级革命家坚决支持下,李鹏同志旗帜鲜明,和中央政治局大多数同志一道,采取果断措施制止动乱,平息反革命暴乱,稳定了国内局势,在这场关系党和国家前途命运的重大斗争中发挥了重要作用。

[…]

[…] Comrade Li Peng brimmed with deep feelings for the masses, especially for the impoverished masses, and attached great importance to helping the poor, and was absolutely concerned about the situation of staff laid off in state enterprises.

[…..] 李鹏同志对人民群众特别是困难群众饱含深情,高度重视扶贫工作,十分关心国有企业下岗职工的冷暖。

In March, Li Peng didn’t serve as the National People’s Congress Standing Committee Chairman for another term. After retiring from the leadership position, he firmly endorsed and supported the party’s central committee with Hu Jintao as its secretary general, he firmly endorsed and supported the party’s central committee with Xi Jinping as the core, caring about the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and firmly supporting the building of the party style, clean politics, and anti-corruption struggle.

2003年3月,李鹏同志不再担任全国人大常委会委员长职务。从领导岗位上退下来以后,他坚决拥护和支持以胡锦涛同志为总书记的党中央,坚决拥护和支持以习近平同志为核心的党中央,关心中国特色社会主义伟大事业,坚定支持党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争。

Comrade Li Peng’s life was a revolutionary life, the life of a warrior, a life of glory, of whole-hearted and single-minded service to the people, and a life of striving for the cause of communism. His death is a major loss for the party and the state. We want to learn from his revolutionary spirit, his sublime moral character and his fine style of work, and still more closely unite around the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, never forgetting where we started from, hold on to the mission, to capture the victory of moderate prosperity, the victory of the new era’s socialism with Chinese characteristics, and to bring about the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

李鹏同志的一生,是革命的一生、战斗的一生、光辉的一生,是全心全意为人民服务、为共产主义事业光辉的一生的一生。他的逝世,是党和国家的重大损失。我们要学习他的革命精神、崇高品德和优良作风,更加紧密地团结在以习近平同志为核心的党中央周围,不忘初心、牢记使命,为决胜全面建成小康社会、夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦而努力奋斗。

Eternal glory to Comrade Li Peng!

李鹏同志永垂不朽!

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Saturday, June 1, 2019

“Trade War”: Doing their Worst, doing their Best

Probably, there would be a (not inevitable yet) moment when nearly everyone realized that the trade conflict between America and China has turned into an economic war. The moment isn’t easy to define in advance. Maybe it’s when China halts its rare-earth exports. But that war would be the first war that might benefit school children’s education as they are running out of smartphones. Can war be war when it makes people smarter?

The Economist, not quite the Great Friend of the Chinese People more recently, tried to sound some more understanding notes than usual last month. Addressing accusations that China had ‘reneged’ on commitments made earlier during the talks, the paper points out that “complicating matters, negotiations have been conducted in English, with the draft agreement […] also in English. As it is translated into Chinese and circulated among more officials, changes are inevitable.”

And Mahathir Mohamad, Malaysia’s prime minister and no Great Friend of the Chinese People either, claims that he doesn’t really care about who’s spying on him or his country: “We have no secrets,” and …

“… let them do their worst.”

Not sure if Malaysian techies would agree. But if they really have no secrets, Mahathir may be right, and Malaysia has nothing to lose, because it has nothing.

For people who still use their 1990-something mobile, Digital Trends offers an instructive overview of what is at stake for Huawei, and the company’s American trade partners and customers.

Not so different from Mahathir, but from a more neutral position,  Singapore’s prime minister Lee Hsien Loong advocates openness, as this approach has benefitted Singapore since ancient times – no, he didn’t really say that.

But he has a clear message to both sides in the conflict, and an explanation as to why Washington’s unilateral approach is no option for Singapore:

Singapore cannot afford to adopt the same point of view. Being small, we are naturally disadvantaged in bilateral negotiations. We need to reform and strengthen multilateral institutions, not cripple or block them. More fundamentally, confining ourselves to a bilateral approach means forgoing win-win opportunities which come from countries working together with more partners. We need to build a broader regional and international architecture of cooperation. When groups of countries deepen their economic cooperation, they will enhance not just their shared prosperity but also their collective security. With more stake in one another’s success, they will have greater incentive to uphold a conducive and peaceful international order. This will benefit many countries big and small.

Huanqiu Shibao comes up with what they see as their country’s head of delegation‘s role at the summit:

After Lee Hsien-Loong had concluded his speech, He Lei asked the first question in the plenum, a two-fold one: firstly, how can China and America set out from the big picture of maintaining regional and global peace, from the great trend of peaceful development, thus properly settling the current contradictions and problems? And the other question: Singapore’s leader advocates that small countries should not take sides while the big countries’ relations are experiencing contradictions. How can, under the current conditions, a constructive conduct be achieved, and taking sides be avoided? Lee Hsien-Long replied to the first question that China and America needed to talk frankly, at the top levels, about the most fundamental problem, i. e. China’s current development, and the outside world’s need to adapt to China’s development. China and other countries all needed to adjust and adapt to this fact. Under this prerequisite, one by one and by discussing the issues as they stand, we will solve problems. Lee Hsien-Loong believes that in this process, China and America would gradually strengthen trust and make progress. As for the second question, Lee Hsien-Loong replied that “we do our best to be friends with both sides, maintaining relations on all fields, but will actively avoid to choose sides and join teams.”
After the banquet, He Lei’s assessment was that Lee Hien-Loong’s speech had been relatively peaceful and reasonable, and he was satisfied with Lee Hsien-Loong’s answers. He Lei said that Sino-Singapore relations had continuously improved in recent years, with continuous high-level exchange, which had established a good basis for a speech as given by Lee Hsien-Loong that evening. This was also a result of China’s continuous expansion of influence. He Lei, who has attended all of the three most recent Shangri-la meetings, has a profound feel for this.
李显龙演讲结束后,针对李显龙的发言,何雷在全场率先提问,包括两个问题:第一个是中美两国在当前如何能够从维护地区和世界和平的大局出发,能够从和平发展的大趋势出发,妥善解决当前存在的矛盾和问题?另一个问题是,在当前大国关系存在矛盾和问题的时候,新加坡领导主张小国不选边站。在当前这种局势下,如何做到积极作为、避免选边站队?对于第一个问题,李显龙表示,中美两国需要在最高层面开放坦率地接触,讨论两国之间最基本的问题,即中国正在发展,而外界需要适应中国的发展。中国和其他国家都需要调整并适应这一事实。在这一前提下,再逐个地、就事论事地讨论并解决问题。李显龙认为,在这一过程中,中美双方能够逐渐增进信任,取得进展。对于第二个问题,李显龙答道,“我们尽自己所能和两边都做朋友,发展并保持各个领域的关系,但主动地避免选边站队。”

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Surveillance tycoons, Bloomberg, May 22, 2019
America must strike a balance, Nov 7, 2009

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