Posts tagged ‘Communist Party of China’

Thursday, January 14, 2021

Before you define your next China policy, learn from Lu Xun

Chinese nationalism has had its share of wishful thinking. But in recent decades, the West has fallen into similar traps, although its humiliations – the 2008 financial crisis and the flat-footed reaction of most Western countries to the Covid-19 pandemic – have been comparatively minor humiliations.

True story

But humiliations they have been, and nothing shows this more clearly than the way some of the West’s governments have reacted to China’s handling of the pandemic. To quote one of the more civil criticisms  – by Iain Duncan Smith, a former leader of the United Kingdom’s Conservative Party -, “the world would have had more time to prepare for the pandemic if Chinese leaders had been more forthcoming”. No worries, though, he switched into another gear right away:

For too long, nations have lamely kowtowed to China in the desperate hope of winning trade deals. Once we get clear of this terrible pandemic it is imperative that we all rethink that relationship,” he said.

Politics, that much is true, must never let a crisis go waste, and there are reasons to “rethink” the West’s, and possibly the world’s, relationship with China.

But China only bears a limited share of responsibility for this global crisis. If people in the West don’t understand that, they don’t understand their own political class.

We don’t need to reconsider our relationship with China because its role in the pandemic was questionable.

We must reconsider our relationship with China because we must not tolerate the way Chinese authorities treat Chinese citizens. Human rights violations often hit “national minorities” like Tibetans or Uyghurs hardest, but the political malpractice doesn’t stop there.

We must reconsider our relationship with China because in Hong Kong, Beijing has shown complete disregard for the rule of law, within Hong Kong’s autonomy (that’s nothing new, China has never understood the concept of autonomy anyway), and complete disregard of international law.

We must reconsider our relationship with China because in the South China Sea and other international waters, China has adopted a policy of annexation.

And we must reconsider our relationship with China, because with his “Resist America, Aid Korea” speech in October, Chinese CPC secretary general and state chairman Xi Jinping has made China’s disregard for international law official, by suggesting that Maoist China’s war against the United Nations had been a “war against imperialism”.

There may be some reason to believe that many within the CPC believe that the speech has been a non-starter, because they haven’t dwelled too much on it in the media since, and because the faces of many of the leaders during Xi’s speech appeared to speak volumes. But there is no reason to believe that Xi’s speech wasn’t an honest attempt at rewriting history, at the expense of truth. This attempt must be taken seriously.

All that said, when reconsidering our relationship with China, we must not walk into the Ah-Q trap. This is something we might learn from China indeed: the way Chinese intellectuals used to be self-critical was part of China’s more recent successes, just as China’s more recent pompousness and triumphalism may earn it serious setbacks.

The same is true for us, and especially for those who consider themselves our “elites”. For decades, China has been described as an opportunity too big to miss, and to justify throwing valuable Western-made technology at it. To make this foreign-trade salad more palatable to the general public (and arguably also to the propagandists themselves), China-trade advocates added that trade and engagement with China would lead to improvements in the country’s human rights practice, or its economic and social system.

“The party is over,” a long-forgotten “expert” crowed in the 1990s, in a huge, long-forgotten book. Others suggested that the CPC might become a “social-democratic” party. But nobody seemed to ask the CPC people if they had any such intentions, at least not seriously. And if they did, they only heard the answers they wanted to hear.

There was never a doubt that China’s political system is a dictatorship. And when that dictatorship began to succeed economically and technogically, quite a number of Western intellectuals, and especially business people, began to admire that dictatorship:

I have fantasized–don’t get me wrong–but that what if we could just be China for a day? I mean, just, just, just one day. You know, I mean, where we could actually, you know, authorize the right solutions, and I do think there is a sense of that, on, on everything from the economy to environment. I don’t want to be China for a second, OK, I want my democracy to work with the same authority, focus and stick-to-itiveness. But right now we have a system that can only produce suboptimal solutions.

Don’t get me wrong either. I don’t think Thomas Friedman argued in favor of the introduction of authoritarianism, let alone totalitarianism. But he didn’t apply any logic – and he’s no exception among Western intellectuals. He’s full of ideas and without a plan when it comes to these issues.

Because if we could be China for one day, we could be China every day. And then we would be the kind of society that we now want to reconsider our relationship with. (OK, maybe not Friedman.)

But the worst thing is to think of ourselves as Santa. The guys who only want the best for China, etc.. I’m pretty sure that half of my fellow Germans, in as far as they have misgivings about China, don’t worry about China’s human rights record. They worry about its economic clout, and the preparedness of a lot of Chinese people to work harder, for less income, then we would.

That’s legitimate self-interest, but nobody should confuse this interest with something like international solidarity. To do that, to suggest that “we are nice, we are generous, we’ve done everything for them, and they are bloody ingrats” is typical Ah-Q thought.

No, guys. Our bosses threw our technology at China, technology developed with support of public institutions we paid our taxes for. That’s what our bosses usually do. Sometimes at the Chinese, sometimes at other promising markets. But as our bosses’ greed for profits from China knew no limits, they fooled themselves, too. Occasionally, they complained once it went wrong. But this wasn’t “Chinese” greed – they only picked up what was thrown at them. And even if they never told us that they would make good use of it, with or against the law, daily practice could have shown us in a year that this transactional model wouldn’t work – at least not for the West.

China – not just the CPC, but most of the Chinese people – have always told us that their rightful global place was at the pole position.

They have always told us that they would “re-take” Taiwan, once they had the power to do so.

Every bloke in the street told us that Hong Kong was no stuff to negotiate about – it had been taken by the imperialists, and had to be retaken by China. Besides, those Hong Kongers shouldn’t think of themselves as “special”. Yadayada.

We played along, one year after another. We still do. I’m afraid we’ll continue to do so. Our governments, for example, keep participating in the diplomatic charade to this day that, for some incomprehensible reasons (depending on what individual Western nation’s memoranda with Beijing have made up out of thin air), Taiwan wouldn’t be quite a sovereign country.

In short: it was hard to get China wrong, but we managed anyway. And if we don’t stop suggesting that our intentions in this relationship had always been honest, we won’t get our next China policy right either.

To reshape our relationship with China, let’s learn from Lu Xun first.

Sunday, January 3, 2021

Huanqiu Shibao: “Strike the iron while it is hot, Reinforce China’s political self-confidence”

The following are translated excerpts from an unsigned editorial by Huanqiu Shibao. The article was published online on Sunday. Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main link:
To take a turn for the better, 2021 will require hard work (2021,好转需经艰苦努力才会发生)

[…]

This year, China has ample capital to continue [the process of] becoming the most outstanding country with its successes in fighting the epidemic and in transforming these achievements into fruits of economic development. To accelerate the expansion of domestic markets, to promote the formation of the dual-circulation pattern and its consolidation is crucial, because the trade wars of the past few years have told us that relying on the international markets alone is highly problematic and the political risks of it are growing. Domestic markets that balance and mutually support each other have become the road to follow.

今年中国有充足资本继续成为抗疫成就最突出的国家,并且将这一成就朝着经济发展的成果转化。加快扩大国内市场、促进双循环格局的形成和巩固至关重要,因为过去几年的贸易战已经告诉我们,仅靠扩大国际市场既困难重重,而且其政治风险也越来越高,国内和国际市场的平衡及相互促进已是必由之路。

Even if the global economy shows some recovery in the new year, it will be weak, and if China’s share in this year’s international recovery is disproportionally high, it will cause more jealousy, and this is something we have to be aware of.

全球经济在新的一年里即使有所恢复,也会是微弱的,如果中国今年的经济增长占据过大国际经济恢复的份额,将会引来更多妒忌,这方面的意识我们切不可缺失。

China’s leadership in controlling the epidemic has provided us with a huge comparative advantage over other major countries, and this summary rather belongs to history. As far as China’s society itself is concerned, especially as far as many individuals are concerned, the impact and challenges the coronavirus epidemic has brought about are more real, and China’s policies of this year must address these practical problems, and they must not lower their problem-solving qualities because of the epidemic.

中国率先控制住疫情,这提供了我们相对其他主要国家的巨大比较优势,但这是一笔国家的宏观账,这份总结更多属于历史。就中国社会自身来说,尤其是对很多个人来说,新冠疫情带来的冲击和困难更为真实,今年中国的各项政策仍需针对这些实际问题,不因疫情降低解决它们的质量。

One of the biggest earnings for China’s society in 2020 is the increase in political self-confidence. The epidemic has provided the Chinese people with a rare glimpse on the efficiency of China’s political system and its people-centered objective. America’s idolistic effect has basically collapsed. But one year is too short. Chinese society’s political self-confidence must be reinforced by striking the iron while it is hot. This year is a critical period during which the Chinese people’s self-acknowledgment of last year must go on.

2020年中国社会最大的收获之一是增加了政治自信,国人通过这场疫情提供的罕见可比性看到了中国政治体制的效率,读懂了它以人民为中心的宗旨,美国的长期偶像效应基本垮掉了。然而一年的时间太短了,中国社会的政治自信需要趁热打铁地加固,今年是延续中国人去年自我认知的关键时期。

[…]

It won’t be easy to make China take another step forward while giving the masses another experience of improvement at the same time, but it deserves China’s efforts. Objectively speaking, the number of Chinese people who have suffered losses in 2020 hasn’t been small, and 2021 must allow this great number of people to “turn losses into gains”, and turn China’s victory into a common triumphal hymn for all the people.

要让国家往前再迈一步与人民群众的收获体验再获改善同时发生,这非常不易,但却是值得中国2021年跳跳脚争取摸到的。客观说,2020年受了损失的中国人还是不少的,2021年要让那些绝大多数个人也都“扭亏为盈”,让中国的胜利成为真正全体国民的共同凯歌。

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Related

A test for our Governance System, Jan 24, 2020
Frugal new year, Febr 10, 2018

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Saturday, December 26, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S.” Speech (4): Gasps of Admiration

The following is the 4th and last part of my translation. Links within blockquotes added during translation.

« Part 3

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

In the 60 years since the war to resist america and aid Korea, unprecedented historic and huge changes have taken place under the CPC’s strong leadership, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the Chinese nation has welcomed the huge leap forward*) from standing up to getting rich, from getting rich to becoming strong.

抗美援朝戰爭勝利60多年來,在中國共産黨堅強領導下,中國發生了前所未有的歷史巨變,中國特色社會主義進入了新時代,中華民族迎來了從站起來、富起來到強起來的偉大飛躍。

Today, we stand at the historic confluence of the “Two Centenaries”, with the establishment of a moderately prosperous society in sight, and the shining perspective of a socialist modern country. The road ahead won’t be easy. We must engrave into our memory the hardships and great victory of the war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea, the daring struggle, the improvement through struggle, the advancement despite difficulties, the tenacious movement ahead. We must continuously push forward toward the great cause of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

今天,我們正站在實現“兩個一百年”奮鬥目標的歷史交匯點上,全面建成小康社會勝利在望,全面建設社會主義現代化國家前景光明。前進道路不會一帆風順。我們要銘記抗美援朝戰爭的艱辛歷程和偉大勝利,敢于鬥爭、善于鬥爭,知難而進、堅韌向前,把新時代中國特色社會主義偉大事業不斷推向前進。

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to push the great cause, we must uphold the CPC’s leadership, and with the party, forge even greater strength. The victory in the war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea proved once again that there is no political force that would be a match to the CPC which struggles for the national rejuvenation, the people’s happiness, not hesitating to spill blood, sacrifices its life, doesn’t spare any effort, and unites the masses of hundred millions, leading them continuously toward victory. As long as we don’t forget what got us started, as long as we keep our mission in mind, promote the new great project of party construction with a self-reformative spirit, constantly enhance the party’s leadership strength, its ideologically guiding role, its ability to organize the masses, the power to rally support from within society, the party will always be the most reliable and strongest backbone of the Chinese people!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須堅持中國共産黨領導,把黨鍛造得更加堅強有力。抗美援朝戰爭偉大勝利再次證明,沒有任何一支政治力量能像中國共産黨這樣,為了民族復興、人民幸福,不惜流血犧牲,不懈努力奮鬥,團結凝聚億萬群眾不斷走向勝利。只要我們不忘初心、牢記使命,以自我革命精神全面推進黨的建設新的偉大工程,不斷增強黨的政治領導力、思想引領力、群眾組織力、社會號召力,就一定能夠使黨始終成為中國人民最可靠、最堅強的主心骨!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must adhere to putting the people first, serving the people and relying on the people in all matters. History is created by the people. The power of the Communist Party of China, the power of the people’s military forces has its foundations among the people. We must persevere with the fundamental objective of serving the people with heart and soul, gain advantages for the people, seek the people’s profit, do our duty for the people, assume responsibility for the people, with the people’s yearning for a better future as the unswerving goal of the struggle, and always maintain the ties of flesh and blood with the masses. As long as we adhere to the people’s position and the people’s supremacy, we will definitely arouse a force that can’t be overcome, and definitely keep writing marvelous and magnificent chapters of the great Chinese rejuvenation!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須堅持以人民為中心,一切為了人民、一切依靠人民。歷史是人民創造的。中國共産黨的力量,人民軍隊的力量,根基在人民。我們要堅持全心全意為人民服務的根本宗旨,為民謀利,為民盡責,為民擔當,把人民對美好生活的向往作為始終不渝的奮鬥目標,始終保持黨同人民群眾的血肉聯係。只要我們始終堅持人民立場、人民至上,就一定能夠激發出無往而不勝的強大力量,就一定能夠不斷書寫中華民族偉大復興的精彩華章!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must uphold and promote economic and social development, and continuously expand our country’s comprehensive national power. Those who fall behind will be beaten, and only development can lead to self-strengthening. Ever since New China was founded over seventy years ago, our country has spent decades to complete what developed countries did in centuries, and created a development miracle that caught global attention. Currently, our country is entering a new stage of development, facing new opportunities and challenges. As long as we plan and promote the integration of the five dimensions as a whole, coordinate and promote the “four comprehensives‘” strategy, unswervingly implement the new development concept, and build a new development pattern, we can certainly achieve development of a higher quality which is more efficient, fairer, more sustainable and safer, making the world gasp in admiration!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須堅持推進經濟社會發展,不斷壯大我國綜合國力。落後就要挨打,發展才能自強。新中國成立70多年來,我國用幾十年時間走完了發達國家幾百年走過的發展歷程,創造了舉世矚目的發展奇跡。當前,我國將進入新發展階段,面對新機遇新挑戰,只要我們統籌推進“五位一體”總體布局、協調推進“四個全面”戰略布局,堅定不移貫徹新發展理念,構建新發展格局,就一定能夠實現更高質量、更有效率、更加公平、更可持續、更為安全的發展,不斷創造讓世界驚嘆的更大奇跡!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must accelerate the promotion of national defense and military modernization, and comprehensively build the People’s Army into a globally front-ranking army. Without a strong army, there can be no strong motherland. To uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, development and security must be planned as a whole. The country must be made wealthy, and the army must be made strong. The party of the new era‘s ideology to strengthen the army must be implemented, the military thrust of the new era must be implemented, the party’s absolute leadership over the People’s Army be persevered with without the slightest sway, the army be politically built, the army be strengthened through reform, through science, through talent, and the army must be ruled by law, its defense of the country’s sovereignty be comprehensively improved, the benefits of its strategic abilities be developed [questionable translation – JR], so as to better fulfill the People’s Army’s mission and duties in the new era. As long as we we keep up with the times in strengthening national defense and building the army, progress and stride forward in accordance with the party’s goals for strengthening the army, it will certainly be able to provide even stronger strategic support for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須加快推進國防和軍隊現代化,把人民軍隊全面建成世界一流軍隊。沒有一支強大的軍隊,就不可能有強大的祖國。堅持和發展中國特色社會主義,必須統籌發展和安全、富國和強軍。要貫徹新時代黨的強軍思想,貫徹新時代軍事戰略方針,毫不動搖堅持黨對人民軍隊的絕對領導,堅持政治建軍、改革強軍、科技強軍、人才強軍、依法治軍,全面提高捍衛國家主權、安全、發展利益的戰略能力,更好履行新時代人民軍隊使命任務。只要我們與時俱進加強國防和軍隊建設,向著黨在新時代的強軍目標闊步前行,就一定能夠為實現中華民族偉大復興提供更為堅強的戰略支撐!

To engrave into our memories the great victory and to advance the great cause, we must protect global peace and justice and promote the building of a common-destiny community of mankind. The Chinese nation has always upheld the concept of “close and fair to your neighbor”. As a major responsible country, China holds fast to all of mankind’s values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom, perseveres with the comprehensive governance concept of joint discussion, joint construction and shared benefit. China unswervingly follows the road of peaceful development, cooperative development and common development. As long as we adhere to the road of peaceful development and promote the building of a common-destiny community of mankind together with all countries and peoples, we will certainly invite mankind’s beautiful future of peace and development!

銘記偉大勝利,推進偉大事業,必須維護世界和平和正義,推動構建人類命運共同體。中華民族歷來秉持“親仁善鄰”的理念。作為負責任大國,中國堅守和平、發展、公平、正義、民主、自由的全人類共同價值,堅持共商共建共享的全球治理觀,堅定不移走和平發展、開放發展、合作發展、共同發展道路。只要堅持走和平發展道路,同各國人民一道推動構建人類命運共同體,就一定能夠迎來人類和平與發展的美好未來!

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

The world belongs to all the people of the world, the problems and challenges the world is facing require the collaboration of the people from all countries, a search for solutions hand in hand, and only mutually beneficial cooperation is the word’s correct path. In today’s world, unilateralism, protectionism and extreme egoism absolutely don’t work! No continuation in one’s own ways, as the only one who deserves to be honored, no way and behavior of hegemony and bullying, can work! Not only does it not work, but in the end, it will inevitably be a dead-end road!

世界是各國人民的世界,世界面臨的困難和挑戰需要各國人民同舟共濟、攜手應對,和平發展、合作共贏才是人間正道。當今世界,任何單邊主義、保護主義、極端利己主義,都是根本行不通的!任何訛詐、封鎖、極限施壓的方式,都是根本行不通的!任何我行我素、唯我獨尊的行徑,任何搞霸權、霸道、霸淩的行徑,都是根本行不通的!不僅根本行不通,最終必然是死路一條!

China has, all along, pursued a defensive national defense policy, and the Chinese military have always been a resolute force to maintain global peace. China will never proclaim itself hegemon, it won’t expand, and it will resolutely oppose hegemony and power politics. We will not sit and watch national sovereignty, security, and development interests being harmed, and we won’t allow anyone or any force to violate and break up our motherland’s sacred territory. Once such a serious situation occurs, the Chinese people will inevitably deliver a frontal assault!

中國一貫奉行防禦性國防政策,中國軍隊始終是維護世界和平的堅定力量。中國永遠不稱霸、不擴張,堅決反對霸權主義和強權政治。我們決不會坐視國家主權、安全、發展利益受損,決不會允許任何人任何勢力侵犯和分裂祖國的神聖領土。一旦發生這樣的嚴重情況,中國人民必將予以迎頭痛擊!

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

As we are looking back to the great war to aid Korea and resist the U.S., and carrying out new great historic struggles, as we are looking forward to the shining prospect of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation, we are imcomparatively resolute and self-confident. Let us unite even more inseparably and closely around the party’s central committee, enhance the great spirit of aiding Korea and resisting the U.S., valiantly continue to march forward, toward the new order of comprehensively building a modern socialist country, toward bringing about China’s dream of the Chinese nation’s great of rejuvenation!

回望70年前偉大的抗美援朝戰爭,進行具有許多新的歷史特點的偉大鬥爭,瞻望中華民族偉大復興的光明前景,我們無比堅定、無比自信。讓我們更加緊密地團結在黨中央周圍,弘揚偉大抗美援朝精神,雄赳赳、氣昂昂,向著全面建設社會主義現代化國家新徵程,向著實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢,繼續奮勇前進!

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Notes

*) 偉大飛躍 / 伟大飞跃, not to be confused with the “Great Leap Forward” – JR

Monday, December 14, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S. Speech (3): “Pave a Bloody Road”

The following is part 3 of my translation – general info about this speech can be found there.

« Part 2

A note of caution: while Xi Jinping’s Oct 23 speech certainly marks a turn away from seeking truth in the facts, a return to a concept where historical records have to serve propagandistic ends rather than science, and is almost certainly driven by a desire to make the “PLA” fit for action, some of the martial language is not as new as it might seem – the CPC never abandoned militaristic language. While the rallying cry to “pave a bloody road” has become more popular again, it is frequently used to push a domestic political agenda. Deng Xiaoping used the quote in the 1970s or 80s, and he may be the first Chinese politician who ever used it.

Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Korea war veterans attending October 23 commemoration

Xi Jinping, Oct 23, continued:

Comrades and friends!

The great victory in war of resisting the US and helping Korea meant that after having stood up, the Chinese people stood towering in the East of the world, and a manifesto to the world. It was an important milestone on the Chinese nation’s way towards the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, with great and far-reaching significance.

同志們、朋友們!

抗美援朝戰爭偉大勝利,是中國人民站起來後屹立于世界東方的宣言書,是中華民族走向偉大復興的重要裏程碑,對中國和世界都有著重大而深遠的意義。

As a result from this war, the Chinese people smashed the aggressor’s troops at their doorstep, and his scheme to strangle the new China in its cradle, and it could even be said that “one punch now will save a hundred later”, and imperialism would no longer dare to try military power to invade New China. New China really stood on stable feet. This war really said it all. Home and country were tranquil and peaceful, amply showing the Chinese people’s iron will not to submit to violence!

經此一戰,中國人民粉碎了侵略者陳兵國門、進而將新中國扼殺在搖籃之中的圖謀,可謂“打得一拳開,免得百拳來”,帝國主義再也不敢作出武力進犯新中國的嘗試,新中國真正站穩了腳跟。這一戰,拼來了山河無恙、家國安寧,充分展示了中國人民不畏強暴的鋼鐵意志!

As a result from this war, the Chinese people thoroughly swept away the recent age of being trampled upon, the disgraceful century of reliance on others for their air to breathe, proudly threw away the [dunce?] hat of “the sick man of Asia”. the Chinese people felt exhuberent. This war brought out the Chinese people’s spirit and amply demonstrated the tenacious quality of millions of the people all united!

經此一戰,中國人民徹底掃除了近代以來任人宰割、仰人鼻息的百年恥辱,徹底扔掉了“東亞病夫”的帽子,中國人民真正揚眉吐氣了。這一戰,打出了中國人民的精氣神,充分展示了中國人民萬眾一心的頑強品格!

As a result from this war, the Chinese people defeated the aggressor, shook the whole world, established New China’s important position in Asian and international affairs, and manifested its great-power status. This war made the world develop a whole new level of respect, amply demonstrating the Chinese people’s resolute determination to defend peace!

經此一戰,中國人民打敗了侵略者,震動了全世界,奠定了新中國在亞洲和國際事務中的重要地位,彰顯了新中國的大國地位。這一戰,讓全世界對中國刮目相看,充分展示了中國人民維護世界和平的堅定決心!

As a result from this war, the people’s army studied war by being at war, ever braver and stronger, thus achieving important military experience, and a transformation from isolated to integrated military services. They achieved enourmously boosted modernization of defense and military forces. In this war the people’s army’s fighting strength awed the world and amply produced the daring and unyielding inevitable victors!

經此一戰,人民軍隊在戰爭中學習戰爭,愈戰愈勇,越打越強,取得了重要軍事經驗,實現了由單一軍種向諸軍兵種合成軍隊轉變,極大促進了國防和軍隊現代化。這一戰,人民軍隊戰鬥力威震世界,充分展示了敢打必勝的血性鐵骨!

As a result of this war, Asia’s post-2nd-world-war strategic pattern was profoundly rmeolded, the just cause of the world’s oppressed nations and peoples was greatly encouraged, vigorously promoting the cause of global peace and mankind’s progress. It told the common people by unshakable facts that any country, any troops, no matter how strong, would inevitably get bloody heads when they stood in opposition to the currents of global development, insulted the weak, went against the tide, invaded and expanded. This war showed again that righteousness is bound to prevail, and that peaceful development is an unstoppable historic tide!

經此一戰,第二次世界大戰結束後亞洲乃至世界的戰略格局得到深刻塑造,全世界被壓迫民族和人民爭取民族獨立和人民解放的正義事業受到極大鼓舞,有力推動了世界和平與人類進步事業。它用鐵一般的事實告訴世人,任何一個國家、任何一支軍隊,不論多麼強大,如果站在世界發展潮流的對立面,恃強淩弱、倒行逆施、侵略擴張,必然會碰得頭破血流。這一戰,再次證明正義必定戰勝強權,和平發展是不可阻擋的歷史潮流!

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

In the magnificiently unfolding war to resist the US and to aid Korea, the heroic Chinese people’s volunteer army always put the motherland’s and people’s interests above all else, dashed forward with no thought for their own safety, for the dignity of the motherland and the people, with a patriotic spririt, bravely and tenaciously, abandoning life and neglecting death, with the spirit of revolutionary optimism that defies hardships and maintains a high morale, to accomplish the mission the motherland and the people had assigned them with, consecrating all their revolutionary loyalty. For humankind’s cause of peace and justice, they strived in the spirit of internationalism, forging the great spirit of resisting the US and aiding Korea.

在波瀾壯闊的抗美援朝戰爭中,英雄的中國人民志願軍始終發揚祖國和人民利益高于一切、為了祖國和民族的尊嚴而奮不顧身的愛國主義精神,英勇頑強、舍生忘死的革命英雄主義精神,不畏艱難困苦、始終保持高昂士氣的革命樂觀主義精神,為完成祖國和人民賦予的使命、慷慨奉獻自己一切的革命忠誠精神,為了人類和平與正義事業而奮鬥的國際主義精神,鍛造了偉大抗美援朝精神。

The great spirit of resisting the US and aiding Korea reaches across time and space, must be perpetually passed on through the generations, through the ages.

偉大抗美援朝精神跨越時空、歷久彌新,必須永續傳承、世代發揚。

No matter how the times develop, we must forge a national strength of character that defies threats and violence and resists might. Seventy years ago, imperialism took the fever of war to the doorstep of the new China. The Chinese people have a profound understanding that to deal with aggressors, you must speak to them in a language they understand. That means to stop war by war, to ban the spear by military means, to be victorious to win the peace and to win respect. The Chinese people don’t cause trouble, nor are they afraid of trouble. When they confront difficulties and danger, their calves won’t tremble and their waists won’t bend. The Chinese nation can’t be frightened and not be defeated!

無論時代如何發展,我們都要砥礪不畏強暴、反抗強權的民族風骨。70年前,帝國主義侵略者將戰火燒到了新中國的家門口。中國人民深知,對待侵略者,就得用他們聽得懂的語言同他們對話,這就是以戰止戰、以武止戈,用勝利贏得和平、贏得尊重。中國人民不惹事也不怕事,在任何困難和風險面前,腿肚子不會抖,腰桿子不會彎,中華民族是嚇不倒、壓不垮的!

No matter how the times develop, we must unite the masses and join the national forces. In the war to resist the US and aid Korea, the Chinese people, rallying for the cause against the common enemy, joining against the enemy with the same anger, worked as one, let the world witness the enormous power of the Chinese people, and let the world know that “now that the Chinese people have organized, they must not be angered. If angered, they won’t be easily dealt with!

無論時代如何發展,我們都要匯聚萬眾一心、勠力同心的民族力量。在抗美援朝戰爭中,中國人民在愛國主義旗幟感召下,同仇敵愾、同心協力,讓世界見證了蘊含在中國人民之中的磅薄力量,讓世界知道了“現在中國人民已經組織起來了,是惹不得的。如果惹翻了,是不好辦的”!

No matter how the times develop, we must forge a national character that is brave without thought of personal safety, a reborn national staunchness. On the Korean battlefields, the volunteer army’s officers and soldiers faced a strong and cruel enemy, and in a bad and cruel war environment, with skulls flying and blood being spilled, they put up a fighting spirit against overwhelming steel and wrote a majestic epos that scared heaven and earth and made supernational beings cry. The volunteer army’s officers and soldiers charged bravely through rains of bullets, held fast to their positions through indiscriminate bombardments, filling the breaches with their chests, used their bodies as human ladders, stormed into the enemies’ ranks with grenades in their hands, endured hunger and frost without ever shrinking back, giving their lives with burning bodies, “up the hills and skies with their bayonets”.

無論時代如何發展,我們都要鍛造舍生忘死、向死而生的民族血性。在朝鮮戰場上,志願軍將士面對強大而兇狠的作戰對手,身處惡劣而殘酷的戰場環境,拋頭顱、灑熱血,以“鋼少氣多”力克“鋼多氣少”,譜寫了驚天地、泣鬼神的雄壯史詩。
志願軍將士冒著槍林彈雨勇敢衝鋒,頂著狂轟濫炸堅守陣地,用胸膛堵槍眼,以身軀作人梯,抱起炸藥包、手握爆破筒衝入敵群,忍饑受凍絕不退縮,烈火燒身巋然不動,敢于“空中拼刺刀”。在他們中涌現出楊根思、黃繼光、邱少雲等30多萬名英雄功臣和近6000個功臣集體。英雄們説:我們的身後就是祖國,為了祖國人民的和平,我們不能後退一步!這種血性令敵人膽寒,讓天地動容!

No matter how the times develop, we must arouse national wisdom correctly, with innovation and courage. Those brave enough to innovate will advance further, those good at creating will be victorious. The officers and soldiers of the volunteer army were facing an unfamiliar battlefield and an unfamiliar enemy. They adhered to “You make use of what you have, I’ll make use of what I have, and when you use an atomic bomb, I will use my handgrenade”, giving full play to flexible and mobile strategies and tactics. Facing risks and challenges of all kinds facing all kinds of resistance and pressure, the Chinese people will always open roads across the mountain tops, build bridges when encountering waters, show great wisdom and courage, forge ahead with determination and “pave a bloody road”!

無論時代如何發展,我們都要激發守正創新、奮勇向前的民族智慧。勇于創新者進,善于創造者勝。志願軍將士面對陌生的戰場、陌生的敵人,堅持“你打你的,我打我的,你打原子彈,我打手榴彈”,把靈活機動戰略戰術發揮得淋漓盡致。面對來自各方面的風險挑戰,面對各種阻力壓力,中國人民總能逢山開路、遇水架橋,總能展現大智大勇、銳意開拓進取,“殺出一條血路”!

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Tuesday, December 1, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S. speech”: a few remarks

Curt publication

What strikes me while translating Xi Jinping’s October 23 speech, commemorating the Korean War, is Beijing’s departure from seeking truth in the facts. Contrary to what Xi tells in his “majestic epic that scared heaven and earth and made supernatural beings cry” (驚天地、泣鬼神的雄壯史詩), China was involved in North Korea’s and Russia’s war preparations, although probably rather passively and not enthusiastically. China supported an enabled an aggression, rather than defending itself against one. Xi, in his speech, emphasized the need to be “brave to be innovative” so as to “advance further”, and to be “good at creating” so as to be “victorious” (勇于創新者進,善于創造者勝). And if being inventive enough seventy years later to win the Korean War after all (or at least make it useful), so be it, seems to be Xi’s line of thought.

But what is the use of it? The next batches of translation may turn out to be self-explanatory, though there is probably always room for different interpretations. In Xi’s view, China is in dire need of an army that will not only defend the country or to quash uprisings, but that will also be able to invade, for example, Taiwan.

To arouse a “spirit” that defies death, Xi rewrites history. Doing that has a long imperial tradition in China, but to lie as fundamentally as Xi did on October 23 marks a revival of faking the records that hasn’t been seen for decades.

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Related / Updates

Xi speech (1)
Xi speech (2)
Xi speech (3)

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Wednesday, November 4, 2020

Xi Jinping’s “Resisting U.S.” Speech (2): “A mighty and majestic War”

This is the second installment of my translation – more info at the top of the previous post.

Xinwen Lianbo’s Kang Hui, Oct 23:
“zhiyuanjuuuuun!”

Comrades and friends!

同志們、朋友們!

The Chinese nation is a peace-loving nation, and the Chinese people are peace-loving people. In the not-too-distant past, the Chinese people endured the calamity of the Great Powers’ invasion, the bitterness of the ravages of war. For that, they understand the cruelty of war more deeply and cherish peace only more. When New China was in the early stages of its establishment, many things were waiting to be done. The Chinese people were matchless in their longing for peace. But these hopes of the Chinese people suffered a cruel challenge. Imperialist aggressors imposed war onto the Chinese people.

中華民族是愛好和平的民族,中國人民是愛好和平的人民。近代以後,中國人民飽受列強侵略之害、飽經戰火蹂躪之苦,更是深深懂得戰爭的殘酷、和平的寶貴。新中國成立之初,百廢待興,百業待舉,中國人民無比渴望和平安寧。但是,中國人民的這個願望卻受到了粗暴挑戰,帝國主義侵略者將戰爭強加在了中國人民頭上。

On June 25, 1950, the Korean civil war broke out. Setting out from its global strategy and cold-war line of thought, America’s government got militarily involved in Korea’s civil war decision and also dispatched the 7th Fleet into the Taiwan Strait. Early in October 1950, the U.S. Army, not caring about the Chinese government’s repeated warnings, brazenly crossed the 38th parallel, taking the fire of war to the Sino-Korean border. The U.S. Army’s planes invaded Korea and bombed China’s northeast border region several times, causing people serious losses of lives and property. Our country’s security faced a serious threat.

1950年6月25日,朝鮮內戰爆發。美國政府從其全球戰略和冷戰思維出發,作出武裝幹涉朝鮮內戰的決定,並派遣第七艦隊侵入臺灣海峽。1950年10月初,美軍不顧中國政府一再警告,悍然越過三八線,把戰火燒到中朝邊境。侵朝美軍飛機多次轟炸中國東北邊境地區,給人民生命財産造成嚴重損失,我國安全面臨嚴重威脅。

At that critical juncture, and in reply to the Korean party’s and government’s request, the Chinese party and government, with extraordinary boldness and courage, made the decision to resist the U.S. and aid Korea, to guard home and to defend the country. On October 19, 1950, the Chinese People’s volunteer army entered the Korean war theater under the leadership of commander and political commissar Peng Dehuai. This was a deployment of justice.

值此危急關頭,應朝鮮黨和政府請求,中國黨和政府以非凡氣魄和膽略作出抗美援朝、保家衛國的歷史性決策。1950年10月19日,中國人民志願軍在彭德懷司令員兼政治委員率領下進入朝鮮戰場。這是以正義之師行正義之舉。

The war to resist the U.S. and to aid Korea was a modernization war fought under the conditions of widely different strengths of the two sides. At the time, China’s and America’s national power was widely apart. Under extremely asymmetric and hard conditions, the Chinese People’s volunteer army cooperated closely with the Korean soldiers, at the first battle at Liangshuidong*), the fierce battle of Unsan, the decisive battle of Ch’ongch’on River, the bitter fighting at Chosin Reservoir – five battles in a row. After that, they built an impenetrable defense position, carried out several offensive attacks, crushed the “Operation Strangle”, resisted the “germ war”, fought the bloody battle of Triangle Hill, thus creating a mighty and majestic war. The nationalities of the entire country sincerely praised the volunteer army officers and soldiers as “the most lovable people”! After a war of extreme hardship, the Chinese and Korean troops defeated the adversary who had been armed to his teeth, destroyed the legend about the U.S. Army being invincible, and forced the arrogant aggressors, on July 27, 1953, to sign the armistice agreement.

抗美援朝戰爭,是在交戰雙方力量極其懸殊條件下進行的一場現代化戰爭。當時,中美兩國國力相差巨大。在這樣極不對稱、極為艱難的情況下,中國人民志願軍同朝鮮軍民密切配合,首戰兩水洞、激戰雲山城、會戰清川江、鏖戰長津湖等,連續進行5次戰役,此後又構築起銅墻鐵壁般的縱深防禦陣地,實施多次進攻戰役,粉碎“絞殺戰”、抵禦“細菌戰”、血戰上甘嶺,創造了威武雄壯的戰爭偉業。全國各族人民由衷稱讚志願軍將士為“最可愛的人”!經過艱苦卓絕的戰鬥,中朝軍隊打敗了武裝到牙齒的對手,打破了美軍不可戰勝的神話,迫使不可一世的侵略者于1953年7月27日在停戰協定上簽字。

During the war of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea, the party central committee was in control of the general situation, carried out powerful war mobilization and correct war guidance. It adopted a policy of striking, stabilizing and building, unfolded a momentous surge of a movement of resisting the U.S. and aiding Korea, and all nationalities of the entire country supported this great struggle of resistance for the sake of the future and destiny of the country and the people. In the end, with the great victory, they proclaimed to the world that “gone forever are the times when Western aggressors only needed to deploy a few cannons on the shores of the East, to dominate a country!”

在抗美援朝戰爭期間,黨中央統攬全局,實施有力的戰爭動員和正確的戰爭指導,採取邊打、邊穩、邊建的方針,開展了波瀾壯闊的抗美援朝運動,全國各族人民舉國同心支撐起這場事關國家和民族前途命運的偉大抗爭,最終用偉大勝利向世界宣告“西方侵略者幾百年來只要在東方一個海岸上架起幾尊大炮就可霸佔一個國家的時代是一去不復返了”!

Continues here.

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Related

*) Liangshuidong (Chinese: 兩水洞, Korean: 량수동), a place north of Onjong

 

 

 

 

Monday, September 28, 2020

Shangguan: “Anti-corruption campaigns aren’t about wanting to cull all the errant party cadres”

The following is a translation of a “Shangguan” article. Shangguan (“Shanghai Observer”) has been Jiefang Daily‘s (or “Liberation Daily’s”) online news medium since April 1997, according to Wiki Mandarin.

Jiefang Daily is “the official daily newspaper of the Shanghai Committee of the Communist Party of China”. The article translated here probably targets, above all, party cadres.

It mainly contains two messages which – from a totalitarian point of view – probably don’t contradict each other:

  • If you have violated party discipline and the law, you can’t escape the organization
  • If you have violated party discipline and the law, you should trust the organization and turn yourselves in before your offenses are exposed by the organization – the org will then be comparatively lenient.

Links within blockquotes have been added during translation.

Xi speaking, cadres taking notes – CCTV evening news on July 24, 2013 (archive).

Main Link:
Secretly returning the money, resisting the organization, fleeing abroad with the money, actively turning oneself in … after breaking discipline and the law, they made entirely different decisions. (悄悄退钱,对抗组织,携款外逃,主动投案……违纪违法后,他们做出了截然不同的选择)

Summary: Under high pressure and awe, political appeals and legal case examples, there will be even more errant cadres who will take the road of actively surrender.

摘要:相信在高压震慑、政策感召和越来越多的案例示范下,还会有更多犯错的党员干部走上主动投案这条路。

Recently, some party cadres who had violated discipline and the law have been exposed. They had gone too far on the wrong road of mistakes, and stood on the edge, facing the abyss. Which path should they take from there?

最近曝光了一些违纪违法的党员干部,他们在错误的道路上走得太远,一直走到了悬崖边,脚下临深渊,该何去何从?

Different people made different choices …

不同人做出了不同的选择——

Some people became anxious and worried, looked around undecidedly, wanting to find a secure lane to safety. They reassured themselves by returning the money they had received. Baotou National Rare Earth Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone People’s Procuratorate’s former inspector Li Shuyao and former Guizhou Province’s Duyun city deputy mayor Liu Shengjun both received money and feared afterwards that the matter could fall through and be exposed. So they returned the money to the briber, as if this would unmake it all.

有人惶惶不安,彷徨四顾,想找到一条安全上岸的小路,于是选择了一个自我安慰的方式——把收来的钱原路退回去。包头市稀土高新技术产业开发区人民检察院原检察官李书耀,贵州省都匀市原副市长刘胜军,都是在收了钱之后感觉事情可能要败露了,又把钱退给行贿人,仿佛这样做,就可以当一切都没发生过。

Some people obstinately persisted in handling things the wrong way. The organization had already discovered their issues and reached out to them, but they kept struggling endlessly. Du Changdi, former Anhui Provincial Investment Group chairman of the board and declared expulsed from the party and the office on September 8, “forged evidence, colluded with others to fabricate a story, and resisted organizational investigation.

有人执迷不悟,组织已经发现了他们的问题,伸手想拉他们一把,他们却还挣扎不休。9月8日被宣布双开的安徽省投资集团原董事长杜长棣,“伪造证据,与他人串供,对抗组织审查”。

Some people chose to flee abroad. On September 7, Heilongjiang Provincial Supervisory Commission announced that Jixi city‘s former deputy mayor Li Chuanliang was suspected of embezzling a large amount of public capital1). accepting bribes, and accumulating money from questionable business over a long period. To avoid investigation, he fled abroad, and diverted some of the stolen funding abroad.2)

还有个别人,选择了外逃。9月7日,黑龙江省纪委监委发布消息,黑龙江省鸡西市原副市长李传良涉嫌贪污巨额国有资金、收受他人贿赂、长期搞钱色交易,为了躲避调查,逃至境外,并向境外转移部分涉案赃款。

But there are more party cadres who choose a different path: promptly braking and turning their heads to seek the organization’s help, taking the initiative to surrender.

不过,有更多党员干部,选择了另一条路:及时刹车,回头寻求组织的帮助,主动投案。

Recently, among those who actively surrendered, there were high-ranking party cadres – Qinghai Province deputy governor Wen Guodong, staff with ordinary public posts at Henan Province, Xinyang No. 1 Hospital’s payment counter. There were cadres who had been retired for five years like Chen Xiaohua, Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture former consultative conference deputy chairman Chen Xiaohua, Changchun Municipal People’s Congress standing committee deputy director Shi Changyou, and Handan municipal party secretary Gao Hongzhi

最近主动投案的人当中,有党的高级领导干部——青海省副省长文国栋;有普通的公职人员——河南信阳一医院收费室的工作人员;有退休五年的老干部——云南省文山州政协原副主席陈晓华;还有长春市人大常委会副主任史长友、邯郸市委书记高宏志……

Secretly returning the money, resisting the organization, fleeing abroad with the money, actively turning oneself in – what is the correct way out?

悄悄退钱,对抗组织,携款外逃,或者主动投案……到底哪条路,才是正确的出路?

Let’s take a look at the quiet return of the money. If the money has been returned before the opening of a case, everything is fine?

先来看悄悄退钱的。案发前把钱退给行贿人,就万事大吉了?

According to the law, when there is the subjective intention to take a bribe, and the office is used to accept others’ property, and this is for the benefit sought by the others, the power for money exchange has been completed, and so is the crime of taking bribes. What’s more, many cadres, when returning the money, their main concern is to conceal the fact that they took bribes. There has been no sincere regret at all.

根据法律规定,主观上有受贿故意,在客观上利用职务上的便利收受了他人财物,并且是为他人谋取利益,权钱交易已经达成,受贿罪就既遂了。何况很多干部案发前退钱,心中主要是想掩盖受贿事实,根本不是真心悔过。

When people enter the stage of investigation and they still resist the organization, adding one mistake to the other, adding another violation of political discipline to their record, what is awaiting them will be even more serious consequences.

而那些进入审查调查阶段还在对抗组织的人,错上加错,给自己徒增一条违反政治纪律的情形,等待他们的将是更加严重的后果。

To flee with the money is even more of an impasse.

携款外逃,那就更是绝路一条。

China has lots of practical experience in tracking and recovering stolen goods internationally, with more and more mature mechanisms, and the key: “what escapes must be pursued, what’s pursued must be pursued to the last”. No matter who, those who fled to the end of the earth3) won’t get away. They will not only be brought back, but the money must be reclaimed, too. From 2014 to June 2020, China got back 7,831 people from 120 countries, and 19.65 billion Yuan. China initially built an anti-corruption law enforcement cooperation network that covered all continents and key countries, concluded new extradition treaties with 28 countries, judicial assistance treaties, property restitution and sharing agreements. The National Supervisory Commission has concluded agreements with ten countries’ anti-corruption law enforcement institutions and international organizations …

在国际追逃追赃方面,中国已经有丰富的实战经验,有越来越成熟的机制,关键还有“有逃必追、一追到底”的坚定决心,不管是谁,逃到天涯海角都不会放过,不光把人追回来,还要把钱追回来。2014年至2020年6月,中国共从120多个国家和地区追回外逃人员7831人,追回赃款196.54亿元。中国初步构建起一张覆盖各大洲和重点国家的反腐败执法合作网络,与28个国家新缔结引渡条约、司法协助条约、资产返还与分享协定,国家监委与10个国家反腐败执法机构和国际组织签订了合作协议……

Under such a big net, even if he escapes, chasing and returning him is just a matter of time. Many of those on the interpol list who had escaped, have, one after another, returned and turned themselves in.

在这样一张大网下,就算逃出去,被追回来也只是迟早的事儿。之前那些逃出去的“红通”人员,很多都陆陆续续回国投案了。

So, the only remaining thing is to turn oneself in on ones own initiative. That’s the only correct way out. That has also become the practice of more and more errant party cadres. Why do they make this choice?

那么,只剩下主动投案,是唯一正确的出路,也是现如今越来越多犯错误党员干部的做法。他们为什么要作出这样的选择?

After the supervision law had been issued and implemented, Ai Wenli, the first provincial-level cadre who turned himself in on his own initiative said: “After the 19th National Congress, when one after the other fell of the horse, I had to sort things out. I felt that I couldn’t run, or keep up my wishful thinking. … I’m feeling more and more that this path I’ve taken is the right one, that I must trust the organization …”

监察法颁布实施后首个主动投案的省部级干部艾文礼曾说:“十九大之后,落马的一个接一个,我也把我自己的这些事儿捋了捋,我觉得跑不了,不能再有侥幸心理了。……越来越感到我这条路走的是对的,要相信组织……”

“Trust the organization”, these are the true feelings of many surrenderers. To turn oneself in on one’s own initiative spells trust in the party organization, to submit the issue to the party on one’s own initiative is of political significance. Party members and cadres suspected of a lack of discipline and breaking the law or committing crimes in office will be leniently dealt with in accordance with the regulations, discipline, and the law.

“相信组织”,是很多主动投案者说过的心里话。主动投案,选择的是相信党组织,主动向党组织交代问题,这其中是有政治内涵的。对涉嫌违纪、职务违法、职务犯罪的党员干部和公职人员,如果主动投案,将依规依纪依法从宽处理。

In July this year, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervisory Commission announced the issue of former Hebei Provincial party committee standing committee member and deputy provincial governor Zhang He having violated discipline and the law. He seriously violated party and organizational discipline. Violating discipline also constituted breaking the law on duty. This was of a serious nature with bad effects and something to be dealt with severely. But considering that that he submitted his offenses against discipline and the law voluntarily, issues which had not been known by the organization, and handed over all the illegal income, showing a rather good attitude of acknowledging his mistakes and regretting them, the organization decided to deal with him leniently, in accordance with the principle of “punishing past things to prevent them from happening again”, punished him by expelling him from the party and [This appears to be something related to Zhang He’s pension rights].

今年7月,中央纪委国家监委公布了河北省原省委常委、副省长张和的违纪违法问题。他严重违反党的组织纪律、廉洁纪律并构成职务违法,性质严重,影响恶劣,应予严肃处理。但考虑到他主动交代组织未掌握的违纪违法问题,上交全部违纪违法所得,认错悔错态度较好,按照“惩前毖后、治病救人”的原则,组织决定对他从宽处理,给予开除党籍处分,按四级调研员确定退休待遇。

In August, Yao Yinqi, a state employee suspected of crimes on duty, was the first case to be extradited by a EU member state4). He was sentenced by a first-instance court. Because Yao Yingqi actively cooperated in the extradition procedures, truthfully submitted the case as it was and actively and restituted both the stolen value plus interests, he was given a reduced prison sentence of three years and fined 3 mn RMB.

8月,我国首次从欧盟成员国引渡回来的涉嫌职务犯罪的国家工作人员姚锦旗,受到了一审判决。由于姚锦旗在引渡过程中积极配合,如实交代案件事实,并主动退缴全部赃款及其孳息,依法被减轻处罚,判处有期徒刑六年,并处罚金人民币三百万元。

Honest-practice and anti-corruption campaigns aren’t about wanting to cull all the errant party cadres, but to help them to admit their mistakes and to repent. The goal of these campaigns is to achieve the punishment of the past while curing the sickness to save the patient. Previous lessons have shown time and again that getaways and concealment doesn’t make the past go away, so why not face up to one’s own issues and accept the organization’s remedies?

正风肃纪反腐,不是要把犯错的党员干部都一棒子打死,而是要帮助他们认错悔悟,实现惩前毖后、治病救人的目的。前车之鉴已经反反复复地证明,逃来逃去、藏来藏去还是躲不过去,为什么不正视自己的问题,接受组织挽救呢?

There is reason to believe that under high-pressure awe, inspiring policies and more and more model cases, even more errant party cadres will take this road of turning themselves in voluntarily.

相信在高压震慑、政策感召和越来越多的案例示范下,还会有更多犯错的党员干部走上主动投案这条路。

To remain updated about next week’s major events, see how the next chapter evolves. (Zi Buke)

欲知下周大事,且听下回分解。(子不歇)

Column editor: Gu Wanquan. Text editor: Song Hui. Title picture: Shangguan. Picture service: Zhu Li.

栏目主编:顾万全 文字编辑:宋慧 题图来源:上观图编 图片编辑:朱瓅

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Notes

1) Literally: state-owned capital. Not sure if this reflects the linked definition of “public-owned capital”.
2) The Epoch Times has a different version of the story.
3) In Chinese words: to Cape Haijiao in Sanya (as if the South China Sea hadn’t been full of Chinese islands since ancient times)
4) This probably refers to Bulgaria, where Yao was reportedly arrested in October 2018, and extradited to China about a month (and a few days) later.

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Related

Shanghai police chief investigated, SCMP, Aug 18, 2020
How the fly roared back, Jan 25, 2013
Three Self-Control, April 19, 2009

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Monday, September 7, 2020

Chinese Ministry of Defense Spokesman: “China’s Friends can be found all over the World”

The following is a reaction by China’s ministry of defense spokesman Ren Guoqiang to what is said to be an article by US secretary of defense Mark Esper.

News like Ren’s statement don’t usually feature prominently in Chinese television news, but are the kind of stuff that may excite some online readers in China. A video without verbal footage, but a dramatic musical soundtrack, is also shared on Weibo.

Original My translation CCTV English
中新网9月6日电 据国防部新闻局官方微信消息,美国国防部长埃斯珀近日发表题为《美国防部已做好准备应对中国》的署名文章称,美需建设一支与中国全面抗衡的军事力量。对此,国防部新闻发言人任国强表示,这篇文章通篇充斥冷战思维与意识形态偏见,毫无根据地歪曲中国人民解放军,渲染所谓“中国军事威胁”,完全是无稽之谈。 China News Service, Sept 6. According to the ministry of defense’s official WeChat channel, US secretary of defense Esper recently published a signed article titled “US Department of Defense prepared for reacting to China”, saying that America needed to build a military force able to comprehensively contend with China. Concerning this, Ministry of Defense spokesman Ren Guoqiang said that the article was full of cold-war mentality and ideological prejudice, distorted the PLA without the slightest foundation, and exaggerated the so-called “China military threat”, which was complete nonsense. blank
有记者问:美国国防部长埃斯珀近日发表题为《美国防部已做好准备应对中国》的署名文章称,中国军队并非为国家和宪法服务,而是为中国共产党效力;为应对中国“军事威胁”,美需建设一支与中国全面抗衡的军事力量;中国军队对地区邻国采取咄咄逼人的行动,美国将加强与印太地区盟国和伙伴国的关系。中方对此作何评论? Reporter’s question: US secretary of defense Esper recently published a signed article titled “US Department of Defense prepared for reacting to China”, saying that China’s military really doesn’t serve the country and the constitution, but effectively serves the Chinese Communist Party. To respond to China’s “military threat”, America needed to build a military force able to comprehensively contend with China. China’s military took aggressive action against neighboring countries, and America would strengthen relations with allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific region. What is China’s comment on this? blank
任国强表示,这篇文章通篇充斥冷战思维与意识形态偏见,毫无根据地歪曲中国人民解放军,渲染所谓“中国军事威胁”,完全是无稽之谈。该文如果不是出于对客观事实的政治偏见,最起码也是对基本常识的无知。中方对此表示坚决反对。 Ministry of Defense spokesman Ren Guoqiang said that the article was full of cold-war mentality and ideological prejudice, distorted the PLA without the slightest foundation, and exaggerated the so-called “China military threat”, which was complete nonsense. Said article was based on a policy of prejudice and lack of objectiveness and facts, and ignorant of the very fundamentals. China resolutely opposed this. Ren Guoqiang, a spokesperson for China’s Ministry of National Defense, Sunday slammed U.S. Secretary of Defense Mark Esper’s article against the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), asserting that any attempt to cut the flesh-and-blood ties between the Chinese army and the people is doomed to fail.
任国强指出,《中华人民共和国宪法》明确规定:社会主义制度是中华人民共和国的根本制度;中国共产党领导是中国特色社会主义最本质的特征;中华人民共和国的武装力量属于人民。中国共产党的宗旨是全心全意为人民服务,作为中国共产党缔造和领导的武装力量,中国人民解放军的宗旨也始终是全心全意为人民服务。中国人民都知道,中国人民解放军是“人民子弟兵”,人民军队为实现民族独立、人民解放作出巨大牺牲,在经济建设、应对重大自然灾害、保卫人民生命财产安全中作出突出贡献。事实证明,任何割裂中国军队和中国人民血肉联系的图谋注定是失败的。 Ren Guoqiang said that the “People’s Republic of China’s Constitution” clearly stipulated that the socialist system was the PRC’s fundamental system, that the Communist Party of China’s leadership was the most essential characteristic of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and that the PRC’s armed force belonged to the people. The Chinese Communist Party’s objective was to serve the people with heart and soul, and as the armed forces created and led by the Chinese Communist Party, the PLA’s objective also was to serve the people with heart and soul. The Chinese people all knew that the PLA was the “force of the people’s younger generation”, that the people’s troops, to achieve national independence, [the PLA] had made huge sacrifices, outstanding economic contributions, responded to major natural disasters, and outstanding contributions to safeguarding the people’s lives and property. Facts had proven that any conspiracy to cut apart the Chinese troops’ and Chinese people’s ties of flesh and blood were doomed to fail. The article had distorted the PLA’s image without any basis to play up the so-called Chinese military threat, Ren told reporters. His remarks came after Esper’s article titled “The Pentagon Is Prepared for China,” wherein he claimed that “China’s military does not serve the country or the constitution.”

Ren described the allegations as totally groundless and full of Cold-War mentality and ideological bias.

任国强强调,《中华人民共和国宪法》还明确规定:中国坚持走和平发展道路,坚持互利共赢开放战略,发展同各国的外交关系和经济、文化交流,推动构建人类命运共同体。新中国成立70年来,从未主动挑起过一场战争,从未侵占过别人的一寸土地。中国军力的增长完全是世界和平力量的增长。中国军队积极参加联合国维和、亚丁湾护航、人道主义救援等行动,努力为世界提供更多的公共安全产品。中国和中国军队维护世界和平与繁荣的积极贡献,赢得了国际社会广泛赞誉,中国的朋友遍天下。美方渲染地区紧张局势、挑拨中国与地区国家关系,这种图谋注定是痴心妄想。 Guo Renqiang also emphasized that the “People’s Republic of China’s Constitution” clearly stipulated that China upheld the path of peaceful development, a strategy of mutual benefit and openness, the development of diplomatic, economic and cultural exchanges with all countries, and the promotion of the construction of human destiny community*). During all the 70 years since its founding, New China had never provoked a war, and never invaded and occupied any length of other countries’ territory. The growth of China’s military power was the growth of global power of peace. The Chinese military actively took part in UN peacekeeping, convoying in the Gulf of Aden, humanitarian rescue and other operations, so as to provide more public security goods to the world. China’s and China military’s contributions to protecting global peace and prosperity have earned it broad international recognition. China’s friends can be found all over the world. America exaggerates regional tensions and incites disharmony in relations between China and countries in the region. This conspiracy is delusional.

Editor: Liu Pai

The Communist Party of China (CPC) and the PLA share the same mission of serving the people wholeheartedly as mentioned in China’s Constitution, Ren said.

The country’s military is deeply rooted in the people and have made great contributions to achieving national independence as well as liberation of the people in terms of economic construction, disaster relief and protecting people’s life and property, the spokesperson added.

blank The growth of China’s military power should be regarded as the empowerment of world peace as the Chinese Constitution rules that China pursues the path of peaceful development, Ren said, adding that the Chinese military has been actively participating in international peacekeeping activities.
blank The U.S. attempts to alienate China from other countries would never succeed as China’s efforts in maintaining world peace have been widely recognized by the international community, Ren noted.
blank He added that since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the PLA has also been fulfilling its responsibility as the military of a major country, actively participating in international anti-COVID-19 cooperation.
blank The Chinese military will continue to make contributions to the world’s safety, peace, prosperity and inclusiveness, the spokesperson stressed.

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Notes

*) The usual English-language handle in sinicized English would be community with a shared destiny for mankind, or community of common destiny.

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Related

Asian NATO looming, Oct 15, 2010

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