Posts tagged ‘短波’

Wednesday, September 28, 2022

Air Defense Competition, Particular Honors and Promotions

media_war_praparation_mobilization
“Hold on to revolution, advance production, advance work, advance war preparation”
The following is my translation from an article first published by the “China Defense Paper” (中国国防报), a paper run by a “People’s Liberation Army” publishing house which also publishes the “People’s Liberation Army Daily”. It was published online by China’s ministry of defense website on September 9, 2022.
Development of civil air defense reportedly started in 1950, when the CPC Central Committee issued a circular for an organizing committee that would then establish a “Central People’s Air Defense Committee” (中共中央发出通知,成立中央人民防空委员会筹委会). “Baike Baidu”, an online encyclopedia:

The masses are both the object and the force of Civil Air Defense. In addition to Civil Air Defense staff, the important goals of partners like government agencies, enterprises and public institutions as well as from all sides of society are also included, as are all aspects of societal life. Civil Air Defense are manifold, including evacuations, camouflage, dealing with the aftermath of air raids, etc..
人民群众既是人民防空对象,又是人民防空力量。人民防空对象除了人员以外,还包括政府机构、企业事业单位等重要目标,以及社会生活的各个方面。人民防空行动形式多样,包括疏散防护、隐蔽防护、消除空袭后果等。

There have been earlier days of mass mobilization, then against a suspicious power very near there – the USSR, in the 1960s.
The concept of mass mobilisation was confirmed in the 1990s, with an air defense law

adopted at the 202nd Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eighth National People’s Congress on October 29, 1996, promulgated by Order No. 78 of the President of the People’s Republic of China on October 29, 1996, and effective as of January 1, 1997.


According to the 1996 air-defense law,

[a]s authorized by the State Council and the Central Military Commission, the major military commands shall exercise leadership in the work of civil air defense in the areas under their command.

The article you are going to read describes three particular fields of competition: satellite communication, mobile-devices communication and shortwave communication.
As far as these fields of science are concerned, the 1996 law stipulates that

The tasks to be performed by mass organizations for air defense in time of war include dealing with emergencies, doing rush repairs, providing medical aid, preventing and extinguishing fire, engaging in epidemic prevention, disinfection and sterilization, eliminating contamination, ensuring signal communications, rescuing people, doing emergency transportation of goods and materials and maintaining public order, and in time of peace they shall assist the departments for fighting against floods and earthquakes in dealing with emergencies and doing disaster relief.

That said, the army wants specialized people within its ranks, not somewhere else. And as Chinese people can be drafted (without being asked), a guideline published (or publicised) by the “PLA” in August suggests that drafts during the later months of this year would be based on skills which are particularly relevant for war prepration.

The article.
Main Link: “I particularly care about this honor” (我特别看重这份荣誉)

From August 30 to August 31, the 2022 Henan Provincial Civil Air Defense System Skills Competiton was carried out in the city of Hebi. In contrast to the past, success during the competiton was linked to the contestants’ professional advancement. For example, workers and handymen, no matter if junior, intermediate or senior workers, can all be promoted to a higher position right away, with payment and status being adjusted accordingly.
8月30日至31日,2022年河南省人防系统职业技能竞赛在鹤壁市举行。与以往不同,这次竞赛成绩与参赛选手个人职业等级晋升挂钩。比如,对于工勤技能岗位人员而言,无论是初级工、中级工还是高级工,只要进入竞赛前3名,均可直接晋升为技师,工资待遇也会相应调整。

This change has been made because the Civil Air Defense System Skills Competiton has been integrated into the 2022 Henan Provincial vocational technical skills competiton plan. “The Civil Air Defense communication skills competition is technologically demanding, strict in its standard requirements, and should enjoy preferential regional industrial and technical competition policies.“ Someone in charge at the provincial Human Resources and Social Security Department’s professional capacity-building office explained that “according to the ‘Henan Province Professional Skills Competition (trial) Administrative Method’, three new items have been added this time, concerning: Civil Air Defense satellite communication, Civil Air Defense shortwave communication, and Civil Air Defense mobile device operators. With certain results, participants qualify for professional promotion.
变化,源于这次人防技能竞赛被纳入2022年河南省职业技能竞赛计划。“人防通信技能竞赛,技术含量高、标准要求严,理应享受地方职业技能竞赛优惠政策。”该省人社厅1职业能力建设处相关负责人介绍,依据《河南省职业技能竞赛管理办法(试行)》,此次新增了人防卫星、短波、移动通信机务员3个项目;参赛人员取得一定成绩,即获得职业等级晋升资格。

“Integrating war preparation competitions, practicing perfect mastery and ability.” In accordance with this line of thought, Henan Province Civil Air Defense Office first mobilized those to sign up who were up to the condition, and then instructed Municipal Civil Air Defense Offices to hold preliminary competitions to select the best from those already best so as to ensure a high starting point for the provincial finals.
“结合备战竞赛,练强过硬本领。”按照这一思路,河南省人防办首先动员符合条件的人员踊跃报名参加,然后指导各地市人防办举办预赛、优中选优,确保省决赛的高起点。

To ensure impartiality and fairness, the National University of Defense and Technology’s School of Communication and Information, counterpart units from Shandong, Guangxi, Sichuan and other provinces, Hebi City Fire and Rescue Brigade and other third parties were invited to send referees.
Extra efforts were made in the design of the test settings. For example, shortwave transmitter-receivers had to work with groundwaves instead of skywaves, because propagation of the latter is variably influenced [by the ionosphere]. This is how variations in assignment conditions for the participants were avoided.
为保证竞赛公平公正,他们不仅邀请国防科技大学信息通信学院,山东、广西、四川等兄弟单位,鹤壁市消防救援支队作为第三方,派出专家和技术人员担任裁判,而且还在赛题设置上下了一番功夫。比如,短波电台要借助地波而不是天波进行通联,天波受天气影响较大,这样可避免前后上场的选手作业条件出现较大差异。

Zhang Guoyin, a high-level worker from Zhengzhou City Civil Air Defense Office, achieved the second position at the Civil Air Defense mobile device operators which means that, according to the rewards policy, he can be promoted to the position of a technician*) right away. “The things demanded in this competiton are pretty much what I’m practising and using regularly anyway, so I could do this quite safely.” Zhang Guoyin told this reporter that to get promoted had by no means been as easy in the past. In 2016, he passed his high-level worker exam, but the acceptance quota was limited, and he was only promoted in 2019.
郑州市人防办高级工张国印,在移动通信机务员赛项中获得第二名,按照奖励政策,他可以直接晋升为技师。“这次竞赛的内容,基本都是平时常训常练常用的,考起来得心应手。”张国印告诉记者,以前晋级可没这么顺利。他在2016年通过了高级工考试,但受名额数量所限,直到2019年才得以晋升。

Tan E, winner of the gold medal at the shortwave communication operators’ competition, is a technician at the Provincial Civil Air Defense command information support center. As far as technicians are concerned, the first three of them [in the competition], won’t be benefitted in terms of payment, but are exempted from two theoretical senior-technician exams. They also earn themselves a title as “Henan Province technology experts”. “I used to be with the signal corps, and I particularly care about this honor.” Holding his certificate in his hands, Tan E couldn’t hide his joy.
在短波通信机务员赛项中夺得金牌的谭峨,是省人防指挥信息保障中心的一名技师。对于技师而言,前3名的成绩虽然不与工资待遇挂钩,但可在高级技师考试中免考2门理论,并可获得“河南省技术能手”称号。“我曾是一名通信兵,特别看重这份荣誉。”谭峨手捧荣誉证书,难掩心中的喜悦。

There were also active engineers taking part. Gao Bing, associate engineer from the Nanyang Civil Air Defense Office, Liu Wei, intermediate engineer from Hebi Civil Air Defense Office, won gold medals in satellite and mobile device operations respectively. These are excellent successes, laying the foundations for their next professional evaluations. Zhu Anwei, second-class floorwalker at the Provincial Civil Air Defense Office, believes that competiton among staff from specialised technological posts doesn’t only help the participants’ maturity and progress, but also provides everyone with role models, goals to achieve, and is beneficial for the promotion of building skilled and talented echelons.
竞赛场上还活跃着工程师人员的身影。南阳市人防办助理工程师高冰、鹤壁市人防办中级工程师刘伟,分别获得卫星、移动通信机务员竞赛项目金牌。优异的成绩,给他们下一步的职称评定奠定了基础。省人防办二级巡视员朱安伟认为,安排专业技术岗位人员上阵比武,不仅对他们个人成长进步有帮助,而且能让大家学有榜样、赶有目标,有利于推动技能人才梯队建设。

Those who have earned themselves gold and silver medals have been awarded, and the others don’t consider their participation wasted time either. According to releveant regulations, those who finished 4th to 10th can be promoted. “A moment on stage takes several years of practice off-stage.” According to what leaders at the Civil Air Defense Office say, having gone through several months of ample war preparation not only brought the participants’ professional skills to new levels, but also built a good atmosphere within the provincial civil air defense system that leans on personal technical skills and on real accomplishment and improvement.
摘金夺银者有奖,其他参赛人员也不虚此行。每项赛事中获得第4至10名者,也可按相关规定晋升职业技能等级。“台上一分钟,台下数年功。”该省人防办相关领导介绍,经过几个月的充分备战,这次竞赛不仅让参赛选手业务技能上了一个大台阶,而且在全省人防系统中营造了凭技能立身、靠实绩进步的良好氛围。

____________

Note

*) A reformed eight-level remuneration scale has reportedly been in place earlier this year. It includes the ranks of 学徒工 (apprentice), 初级工 (junior worker), 中级工 (intermediate worker), 高级工 (senior worker), 技师 (technician), 高级技师 (senior technician), 特级技师 (top senior technician), 首席技师 (chief technician) – see Industrial Bank of China and the CPC Central Committee’s “Qiushi” (bimonthly English-language edition) for sources
____________

Monday, August 29, 2022

Radio Pravda dlya Rossii (“Truth for Russia”) on Vacation

According to its Twitter account, Radio Truth for Russia / Радио Правда для России (Radio Pravda dlja Rossii) is currently taking a summer break. Not sure if this affects their shortwave transmissions.
hf_transmitter_radio_pravda_for_russia
Please check their Twitter feed for updates.

Information about times and frequencies of their broadcasts on shortwave – in addition to their youtube channel – vary, but 9670 kHz, 6070 kHz and 13600 kHz are often mentioned.


For a number of reasons (safety, appropriate use of donations, etc.), I wouldn’t expect QSL cards from this broadcaster.

Tuesday, August 2, 2022

Émissions Ondes Courtes de Tamsui, Taiwan, en Français

Le retour du service français de Radio Taiwan International aux ondes courtes, printemps 2020 QSL

Le retour du service français de Radio Taiwan International aux ondes courtes, printemps 2020 QSL

Radio Taiwan International’s direct programs from Tamsui Émissions directes de Radio Taiwan Internationale de Tamsui
Shortwave is gaining ground: Radio Taiwan International’s French service will broadcast from its shortwave transmission site in Tamsui this month – every weekend (Fridays through Sundays) from 17:00 to 18:00 UTC on 11995 kHz and from 19:00 to 20:00 UTC on 9545 kHz.
August 05 – 07
August 12 – 14
August 19 – 21
August 26 – 28.
Pour la première fois, il y aura des émissions françaises de Tamsui, Taiwan, pour les regions européennes et nord-africaines. Selon Radio Taiwan Internationale,
Le programme de cette activité radiophonique en français sera diffusé en Ondes Courtes tous les vendredis, samedis et dimanches du mois d’août.
Fréquence 11995 kHz, 17h00-18h00, temps universel (19 h à Paris),
Fréquence 9545 kHz, 19h00-20h00, temps universel (21 h à Paris),
tous les week-ends.

mappemonde des émissions ondes-courtes de Radio Taiwan Internationale

Bonjour le Monde – les émissions réguliers de Radio Taiwan Internationale – source: RTI

Tests were carried out in July in a range of 308 to 325° reportedly, which suggests that both northern Africa and Europe should be good places to listen to the transmissions from Tamsui, northwestern Taiwan. Des émissions testes ont été effectués en juillet, dans un azimut de 308 à 325°.
RTI’s French service usually broadcasts for Europe on 6005 kHz, from 19:00 to 19:30 UTC, via Kostinbrod relay, Bulgaria. Listeners who don’t usually listen to the station’s internet programs (one hour of programming per day) will have a great opportunity to get to listen to programs they wouldn’t usually hear on shortwave. Normalement, il y a une émission par jour de Kostinbrod, la Bulgarie, chaque jour de 19:00 à 19:30 temps universel (21 – 21:30 h à Paris) sur 6005 kHz, pour l’Europe et l’Afrique du nord. En outre, il y a une transmission pour l’Afrique ouest tous les dimanches, en 13835 kHz (apparemment à partir d’Issoudun, Centre-Val de Loire, en France).
Si vous n’écoutez, d’habitude, les programmes français en ligne (il y en a une demie-heure sur les ondes courtes, mais des 30 minutes additionnels en ligne), les émissions de Tamsui vous donneront une belle occasion d’écouter des programmes rares sur les ondes courtes en août, car il y en aura 60 minutes par émission de Tamsui.
Saturday, July 16, 2022

Radio Taiwan International (RTI) 2022 Shortwave Transmissions to Europe, from Tamsui, in French and in German

Taiwan Blue Magpie, aka "long-tailed mountain lady", featured on RTI German Service's 2021 special QSL card

Taiwan Blue Magpie, aka “long-tailed mountain lady”, featured
on RTI German Service’s 2021 special QSL card

Test transmissions led to the choice of 11,955 11995 kHz for broadcasts at 17:00 UTC, and 9545 kHz for broadcasts on 19:00 UTC. All broadcasts in German are one-hour transmissions, and they provide listeners with an idea of the content they don’t usually get to hear on shortwave, as regular broadcasts via Kostinbrod relay, Bulgaria, are only 30 minutes long.
The other half of the program can usually only be found online.
The special summer transmissions at 17 and 19 hours from Tamsui can be heard on 17 and 19 h UTC on every Friday, Saturday and Sunday for the rest of July.

In August, every Friday, Saturday and Sunday, there will be direct transmissions from Tamsui in French, also one-hour programs, at 17:00 on 11,995 kHz and at 19:00 UTC on 9545 kHz.

Reception reports are reliably confirmed with special QSL cards for Tamsui transmissions, and the German and the French services issue QSL cards different from each other – so reporting on both language programs makes a lot of sense for collectors.

Sunday, June 19, 2022

Radio Taiwan International (RTI) 2022 Shortwave Transmissions to Europe, from Tamsui, in French and in German

Tamsui transmitters site, NW Taiwan, RTI QSL card 2015

Tamsui transmitters site, NW Taiwan, RTI QSL card 2015

Update: weekend transmissions in July and August from Tamsui, Taiwan

RTI German Service

As is tradition at RTI’s German Service, Radio Taiwan International has scheduled one-hour broadcasts directly from Tamsui, NW Taiwan, to Europe. Those are a great opportunity to listen to a wider range of RTI programs. Usually, outside this special summer season, you only get to hear about half of the gems RTI German has in store for its listeners – the other half can only be listend to online. Also, the usual RTI German broadcasting routine goes through a relay transmitting site in Bulgaria, on 5900 kHz from 19:00 to 19:30 UTC.

There will be test transmissions from Tamsui to Europe on Saturday, June 25, at the following times and on the following frequencies:

Time UTC/GMT Frequency
17:00 – 17:10 11995 kHz
17:30 – 17:40 11995 kHz
19:00 – 19:10 9545 kHz
19:20 – 19:30 7240 kHz
19:40 – 19:50 7250 kHz

Your reception reports will probably matter, because Radio Taiwan International  says they are going to choose the two frequencies that are reported to work best for their one-hour broadcasts in July.

Those July broadcasts are scheduled as follows (time only, for now):

Friday, July 08, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Saturday, July 08, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Sunday, July 08, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Friday, July 15, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Saturday, July 16, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Sunday, July 17, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Friday, July 22, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Saturday, July 23, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Sunday, July 24, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Friday, July 29, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Saturday, July 30, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC
Sunday, July 31, 2022; 17:00 – 18:00 UTC & 19:00 – 20:00 UTC

RTI French Service

For the first time, Radio Taiwan International’s French service also broadcasts directly from Tamsui, Taiwan.

They plan to test the same frequencies as RTI German does, but on Saturday, July 2. The times and frequencies for the test transmissions, also ten minutes each, will be the same as the German service’s tests on June 25.

Here, too, listeners’ reception reports will define the choice of frequencies, according to RTI French. Their one-hour broadcasts are scheduled for August, on every weekend from Fridays through Sundays, i. e. the month following the German weekends, also at 17:00 UTC and 19:00 UTC respectively.

Radio Taiwan International reliably confirms reception reports with QSL cards.

Good DX, and happy listening!

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