Archive for ‘international’

Monday, January 24, 2022

Circuses and Security: Putin-Xi Video Meeting on Dec 15, 2021

The following is an excerpt from an FMPRC statement on a video meeting between Chinese party and state leader Xi Jinping and Russian president Vladimir Putin, conducted on December 15.

summitlike

Xinhua/FMPRC, Dec 15, 2021

According to Wan Qingsong, a Russia researcher of Shanghai’s East China Normal University, one of Putin’s topics in his video meeting with Xi in December was the issue of Russia’s drafts on “security guarantees” from NATO. While the FMPRC statement of December 15 makes no mention of these drafts or a discussion of  them, Wan quoted Russia’s TASS newsagency as saying that Xi had expressed support for the “security guarantees'” initiative (俄罗斯官方通讯社塔斯社便在报道中写道,中俄领导人会晤时,中国表达支持俄罗斯提出的“安全保障”倡议).

This could be based on a TASS communiqué that quotes Yury Ushakov, one of President Putin’s foreign-policy advisors:

The Chinese chairman pointed out that he understood Russia’s concerns and fully supported our initiative on the development of security guarantees for Russia, Ushakov added. “The parties agreed to maintain contact on the matter. We will inform our Chinese colleagues about how talks and contacts with our American and NATO partners are going,” he pointed out.

Another TASS communiqué, dated Dec 16, mostly focuses on intended CSTO-China contacts.

From the FMPRC statement:

In a bit more than a month you will visit China to take part in the Beijing Olympic Winter Games’ opening ceremony, thus showing your support for the Chinese organization of the Games through practical action. Beijing will be the first city to have hosted both the Summer and the Winter Olympics. Currently, we are making all-out efforts in accordance with the priniciples of “simple, safe and splendid, and all work has basically been done. We will achieve mutual Olympic visits, and in the following two years, China and Russia will also organize the China-Russia Year of Sports Exchange. This should also be considered an opportunity to let sports exchanges be a bridge and a bond to strengthen our two countries’ and peoples’ mutual understanding and friendship. Your visit will also be our first offline meeting in two years. When the time has come, I hope to have thorough exchanges with you on bilateral relations and major international and regional issues, and I believe that we will reach still more significant consensus. I am really looking forward to our “Winter Olympics appointment” and would like to join hands with you to “advance into the future together”, to open a new, post-Covid chapter of Chinese-Russian relations.

习近平强调,再过一个多月,你即将访华并出席北京冬奥会开幕式,以实际行动展示对中方办会的支持。北京即将成为世界上首个既举办过夏季奥运会、又举办过冬季奥运会的城市。目前,我们正按照“简约、安全、精彩”的原则全力筹备,各项工作已经基本就绪。我们将实现奥运互访,明后两年中俄还将举办中俄体育交流年。要以此为契机,让体育交流成为增进两国人民相互了解和友谊的桥梁和纽带。你这次访华也将是我们近两年来首次线下会晤。我期待同你届时就双边关系、重大国际和地区问题进行深入交流,相信我们将达成更多新的重要共识。我对我们的“冬奥之约”十分期待,愿同你携手“一起向未来”,共同开启后疫情时期中俄关系崭新篇章。

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Related

“Spezifische Vorschlage”, JR’s Ostblog, Jan 22, 2022
“Based on Putin-Xi consensus”, TASS, Dec 17, 2021
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Sunday, January 9, 2022

Press Review: Xi Jinping’s New Year’s Speech comforts the Bereaved


Guanchazhe newsitems on home page today (Sunday):

1) Tianjin is considerate — netizens, inasfar as their comments aren’t removed – praise the municipal authorities, including the Tianjin Municipal Party Committee Propaganda Department, for timely information,
2) a woman whose brother lost his life in military service (in East Turkestan) got wet eyes when listening to Xi Jinping’s new year’s speech (清澈的爱、只为中国), and
3) an academic currently in America who believes it’s in the Chinese genes to help each other.

Guanchazhe online, Shanghai, Jan 9, 2022

Guanchazhe online, Shanghai, Jan 9, 2022

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Saturday, January 1, 2022

Fun and Facts in Taiwan

Every year, there’s the fun

and the facts.

President Tsai’s 2022 new year’s remarks are also available in English.
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Saturday, December 25, 2021

Russia in the Indo-Pacific

The following is a translation of an introduction by Radio Taiwan International’s (RTI) Mandarin program “Serving the People” (為人民服務), discussing Russia’s role in the region loosely defined as the “Indo-Pacific”.

russian_built_gepard_3_9_frigate_quang_trung

Russian-built Gepard 3.9 frigate Quang Trung,
public domain

Lu Ssu-pin (魯斯濱), a columnist on Russian military affairs, discusses Russia’s involvement in the Indo-Pacific, and especially its ties with ASEAN, in “Serving the People’s” December 23 edition. The discussion can be listened to there (button top right).

No great secrets are revealed there, but while Russia’s business in the region doesn’t go unreported by Western media, it may often be underestimated. This includes areas of conflict with China.

Ssu also touches on the revival of the Russian language in Vietnamese lesson plans. The numbers don’t look overwhelming, but according to Ssu, Russian technology (such as military technology or its Global Navigation Satellite System) can be rather well absorbed by ASEAN countries, and is affordable, while a lot of Western technology isn’t.

Main link:
Russia also gets involved in Indo-Pacific, Russia and China singing different tunes (俄羅斯也插手印太 俄中各唱各的調)

The statement issued on December 12 after the G7 foreign ministers’ meeting in Liverpool emphasized that the G7 member states wanted to establish an investment and trade circle democracies so as to respond to China’s coercive economic policies more unitedly. Russia was also warned not to rashly use force against Ukraine as [Moscow] would face serious economic costs. U.S. secretary of state Antony Blinken travelled right on for visits to Southeast Asia, with the clear intention to draw in allies to crowd around China.

12月12日在英國利物浦落幕的G7外長會議發表聲明,強調G7成員國要在民主國家間建立投資圈經貿圈,以便團結應對中國的脅迫性經濟政策,而且還警告俄羅斯不要輕易對烏克蘭動武,否則將面對沉重經濟代價。美國國務卿布林肯在會後更直奔東南亞訪問,拉近盟友圍攏中國的意圖非常明顯。

This G7 foreign ministers’ meeting’s main emphasis appears to be on building a united front in response to China and Russia. However, if the Chinese friendship with Russia is what it appears to be is a different story. Concerning the South China Sea, for example, Russia’s approach is rather indistinct. It does, by no means, support China as imagined by the outside world when it comes to the South China Sea.

這次G7外長會議,統一陣線應對中國與俄國,顯然是最大重點。不過,中國與俄羅斯之間是否如表面的友好,又是另當別論。比方在南海,俄羅斯的態度就非常模糊,並不像外界所想像的那樣在南海事務上支持中國。

A confrontation erupted in waters disputed between China and Indonesia not long ago. Beijing accused Indonesia of building exploratory wellheads in oil and gas fields delimited by China. A Russian state-owned energy giant happens to be this oil and gas field’s owner1. Before that, Russia also helped Vietnam with oil and gas extraction work, among them some fields also delimited by China in accordance with its so-called nine-dash line2. This lead to Chinese dissatisfaction.

中國與印尼不久前在南海有爭議水域爆發爭執對峙。北京指責印尼在中國所劃定的海疆線內為一處油氣田區塊開鑿探井。俄羅斯國有能源巨頭恰好是這塊油氣田的所有人。而在印尼之前,俄羅斯也幫越南從事油氣開採,其中的一些油氣田區塊因為同樣位於中國所劃定的所謂「九段線」內而導致中國不滿。

All the same, Russia’s cooperation with Indonesia and Vietnam has continued.

儘管中國不滿,俄國與印尼和越南的能源合作一直在進行中 。

Also, early in December, ASEAN carried out the first joint maritime exercise with Russia. In the southeast Asian region As relations between the southeast Asian region and China continue to intensify, the question against who these may be directed is also up to the outside world’s imagination.

另外,12月初, 東南亞國家協會(ASEAN)也跟俄羅斯舉行了第一次聯合海上軍事演習。在東南亞地區和中國的緊張關係不斷升溫的同時,聯合軍演到底針對誰,也令外界有無限想像空間。

We have asked Lu Ssu-pin to discuss his observations with us.

今天節目我們請魯斯濱談談他的觀察。

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Notes

1     Zarubezhneft, according to reports
2     Wikipedia, accessed Dec 24

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Related

America, Japan: a more equal Relationship, May 22, 2016
Gas Deal, but no Military Alliance, May 23, 2014
“Like Polar Bears, no bit of humanity”, July 22, 2012
Indonesia-Russia Relations, Wikipedia
Russia-Vietnam Relations, Wikipedia
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Sunday, December 12, 2021

Xi Jinping’s Heroes (2): Martyrs, Wave upon Wave

The following is my second instalment of an article gathering notable Xi quotes concerning heroes; part one is there. No excerpts in this second part; every Xi word within the following paragraphs has been faithfully translated. All errors are my own; corrections or suggestions are welcome.

a_word_every_day

For the particularly pious, there’s “A Daily Word from Xi”,
a regular morning meditation on
China People’s Broadcasting Station (CPBS)

Links within blockquotes added during translation.

Main Link: “The Secretary General has talked about Heroes like these”, by Wen Hongyan and Song Jingsi, published on Sept 29

For the beloved motherland of their ideals, countless revolutionary martyrs held high the torch of faith, with an honor that doesn’t look back, they entered the powerful historical torrent of the people’s independence and the people’s liberation. Facing danger without fear and advancing dauntlessly in wave upon wave, they fought a brave, blood-soaked fight despite all setbacks.

为了理想中“可爱的中国”,无数革命先烈高擎信仰的火炬,义无反顾地踏入为了民族独立、人民解放的历史洪流中。他们临危不惧、前赴后继,他们浴血奋战、百折不挠。

On July 24, 2020, secretary general Xi Jinping, ending inspection work in Jilin province, pointed out:

2020年7月24日,习近平总书记在吉林考察工作结束时的重要讲话中指出:

“During the war of resistance against Japan, under extremely vile conditions, General Yang Jingyu led armed forces braved temperatures of minus 40 degrees fighting blood-soaked battles with enemies several times stronger in numbers while having nothing but dry grass, tree bark and cotton wadding in their stomachs. Their achievements were shaking popular feelings.”

“抗日战争时期,在极其恶劣的条件下,杨靖宇将军领导抗日武装冒着零下四十摄氏度的严寒,同数倍于己的敌人浴血奋战,牺牲时胃里全是枯草、树皮、棉絮,没有一粒粮食,其事迹震撼人心。”

On September 18, 1931, Japanese imperialism manufactured the Mukden Incident and began the large-scale invasion and occupation of northeastern China. In 1932, Yang Jingyu was commissioned by the party central committee to organize the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army, and led the Northeast military-civilians in a bloody battle at the White Mountain and Black Water . Facing the Japanese army’s frantic pressure, Yang Jingyu was brimming with fighting spirit: “A Revolution is like fire. The snow may be sealing the mountains and hiding the birds’ and animals’ traces, but as long as we carry the spark, we can chase away the bitter winter and bring light and warmth.”

1931年9月18日,日本帝国主义制造九一八事变,开始大举侵占中国东北。1932年,杨靖宇受党中央委托到东北组织抗日联军,率领东北军民与日寇血战于白山黑水之间。面对日军疯狂镇压,杨靖宇充满斗志:“革命就像火一样,任凭大雪封山,鸟兽藏迹,只要我们有火种,就能驱赶严寒,带来光明和温暖。”

In February 1940, Yang Jingyu, in a world of ice and snow and out of ammunition and food, fought a lone fight against a great number of Japanese invaders, and heroically sacrificed his life after fighting for five days and nights, in Mengjiang County (now Jingyu County in Jilin Province).

1940年2月,杨靖宇在冰天雪地、弹尽粮绝的情况下,孤身一人与大量日寇周旋,战斗五昼夜后,在濛江县(今吉林省靖宇县)壮烈牺牲。

In times of difficulty, circumstances create heroes. In this great struggle in the war of resistance against Japan, the sons and daughters of China independently and freely casted their lives, sprinkled warm blood, mothers sent their sons to fight the Japanese invaders, wives sent their young husbands to the battleground, men and women, old and young equally mobilized.

天下艰难际,时势造英雄。在抗日战争这场救亡图存的伟大斗争中,中华儿女为中华民族独立和自由不惜抛头颅、洒热血,母亲送儿打日寇,妻子送郎上战场,男女老少齐动员。

It was Jiawu 2014. In a commemorative ceremony for the whole nation’s war of resistance that had started 77 years earlier, Secretary Xi Jinping, with deep emotion, told a heroic story: a mother from Miyun County in Beijing named Deng Yufen sent her husband and five children to the front, and they all died in battle.

2014年,岁逢甲午。在纪念全民族抗战爆发七十七周年仪式上,习近平总书记深情讲述了一位英雄母亲的抗战故事:“北京密云县一位名叫邓玉芬的母亲,把丈夫和5个孩子送上前线,他们全部战死沙场。”

Deng Yufen clenched her teeth and stood firm under these blows, smiling less than before but becoming more active in the anti-japanese war and closer to the younger generations of soldiers.

面对沉重的打击,邓玉芬硬是咬牙挺住了。她脸上的笑容少了,但对抗日工作更积极了,对子弟兵更亲了。

In August 1945, the Chinese people finally defeated the Japanese aggressor. Deng Yufen had tears in her eyes, comforting her husband and her sons under the nine springs: we are victorious! Before her death in February 1970, Deng Yufen told her fellow villagers, “bury me next to the roadside, I want to see the children return”.

1945年8月,中国人民终于打败日本侵略者,邓玉芬眼噙泪花,告慰九泉之下的丈夫和儿子们:咱们胜利了!1970年2月临终前,邓玉芬对乡亲们说:“把我埋在大路边,我要看着孩子们回来。”

In the extraordinarily difficult years of the anti-Japanese war, the Chinese people fought against powerful enemies, built a great wall out of blood and flesh, with always another one stepping into the breach to replace the fallen, and wrote a majestic epos, for a shaken world to read and to make even supernatural beings cry2), thus winning the fist war by Chinese against foreign aggressors in modern times3).

在艰苦卓绝的抗日战争中,中国人民以铮铮铁骨战强敌、以血肉之躯筑长城、以前仆后继赴国难,谱写了惊天地、泣鬼神的雄壮史诗,赢得了近代以来中国抗击外敌入侵的第一次完全胜利。

Secretary-general Xi Jinping pointed out on a symposium commemorating the 69th anniversary of the Chinese people’s anti-Japanese war of resistance’s victory and the world’s war against fascism’s victory: “High-ranking officers like Yang Jingyu, Zhao Shangzhi, Zuo Quan, Peng Xuefeng, Tong Linge, Zhao Dengyu, Zhang Zizhong, Dai Anlan and others from numerous heroic entities such as the Eight-Route Army’s ‘Five Heroes on Langya Mountain’, the New Fourth Army’s ‘Liulaozhuang company’, the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army’s eight female warriors, the KMT Army’s ‘eight heroes’, are outstanding representatives of the Chinese people undefiant,self-sacrificing stance.”

习近平总书记在纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利69周年座谈会上指出:“杨靖宇、赵尚志、左权、彭雪枫、佟麟阁、赵登禹、张自忠、戴安澜等一批抗日将领,八路军‘狼牙山五壮士’、新四军‘刘老庄连’、东北抗联八位女战士、国民党军‘八百壮士’等众多英雄群体,就是中国人民不畏强暴、以身殉国的杰出代表。”

While fighting the liberation war, the Communist Party of China relied closely on the masses, obtained a power that toppled the mountains and overturned the seas, and ended the KMT’s reactionary rule, establishing a brandnew People’s Republic.

解放战争中,中国共产党紧紧依靠人民群众,获得了排山倒海的力量,结束了国民党的反动统治,建立了崭新的人民共和国。

“With no care for their heads, their warm blood irrigated the country.” To win national independence and the people’s liberation, countless revolutionary martyrs marched forward bravely, building the great wall of steel that rescued the nation in peril and defended the nation’s dignity. According to incomplete statistics, there were 3.7 million martyrs among revolutionary the troops led by the party from 1921 until 1949.

“未惜头颅新故国,甘将热血沃中华。”为争取民族独立和人民解放,无数革命先烈勇往直前以赴之,筑起拯救民族危亡、捍卫民族尊严的钢铁长城。据不完全统计,从1921年到1949年,党领导的革命队伍中,有名可查的烈士就达370多万人。

Secretary-general Xi Jinping emphasized: “The republic is red, and can’t weaken this color.4) The blood of countless martyrs gave our flag its color. There is no way that we would not build the republic well that they hoped, fought and sacrificed for.”
“We absolutely must engrave the martyrs’ final wishes and never forget the great ideals they sacrificed their blood for.”

习近平总书记强调:“共和国是红色的,不能淡化这个颜色。无数的先烈鲜血染红了我们的旗帜,我们不建设好他们所盼望向往、为之奋斗、为之牺牲的共和国,是绝对不行的。”“我们一定要铭记烈士们的遗愿,永志不忘他们为之流血牺牲的伟大理想。”

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Notes

1) White Mountain + Heilongjiang = Dongbei
2) Xi Jinping appears to have a particularly strong liking for warm blood “irrigating” the motherland, but also for borrowing from the world on the other side of the cupboard: supernatural beings have played a role in his commemorative speech about the Korean war, too, and – if a verbatim quote of what Xi said back then – in his September 2015 speech.
3) Among Chinese – not among Americans or Taiwanese – “近代” usually seems to refer to the times from around 1912 to 1949. The term is discussed by a Wikipedia article, too.
4) xCompare commemorative speech about the Korean war in October with the same phrase: 共和国是红色的,不能淡化这个颜色. Another translation for “weaken” could be “dilute” or “trivialize” its color.
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Wednesday, December 8, 2021

Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) Christmas Program Changes on Shortwave

According to Radio Berlin-Brandenburg (RBB), Northern German Radio (NDR) schedules this year’s “Gruss an Bord” (Greeting all Ships) as follows:

Dec 24, from 18:00 to 21:00 UTC (3 hours only)
Europe   6080 kHz Tashkent
Atlantic (N) 15770 kHz Miami (WRMI)
Atlantic (S) 11650 kHz Nauen, Germany
Indian O. (SW) 9820 kHz Issoudun, France
Indian O. (E)   9610 kHz Moosbrunn, Austria

leer_reformed_church

Windrose, Leer Reformed Church, East Frisia

So, there will be only three hours instead of the traditional four, and they’ll start one hour earlier than in the past, (18 instead of 19 h UTC), but there’s a small compensation: you won’t need to re-tune your radio receiver for the second half – all frequencies are booked for the entire three hours from 18 to 21 hours UTC (or Greenwich time).

The RBB author seems to be glad to see the Armenian Gavar transmitter replaced by Tashkent as he didn’t like the transmitters’ sonic effect. I actually liked the discreet background hum there, and enjoyed the extra seconds at the end, as NDR’s audio arrived there with some delay, apparently by internet connection or very slow satellite.

Saturday, December 4, 2021

Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) appears to cut “Gruss an Bord” down to Three Hours


U p d a t e !

Christmas is approaching, and so is a German shortwave classic – “Gruß an Bord” (“Greeting all Ships”), produced by Northern German Radio (Norddeutscher Rundfunk, NDR) and transmitted on shortwave (to Europe, the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean) as well as on VHF/FM in Hamburg and in its neighboring northern German states.

keep_the_radiiowaves_coming

All ears

Unfortunately, there’s conflicting information about the duration of the program. According to info posted by NDR itself only yesterday (Friday), they cut the program from the usual four to only three hours (and only two hours on VHF/FM). As that is the more recent info, I’ll post it first.

1. NDR timetable

According to them (and they published their schedule only on Friday), the broadcast begins at 18 UTC and ends at 21 UTC – that would be a one-hour reduction, compared to previous years. (The VHF/FM broadcast has even been cut back to two hours only.)

This could be plausible, too, because there will be no recordings from the usual venues in Hamburg and Leer, and most greetings will be taken and read out by e-mail, to avoid gatherings during the fourth “corona wave”.
But to reduce the airtime would still be bad style, especially as they haven’t mentioned this explicitly, leaving it to their global audience to find out.

2. ADDX timetable

“ADDX-Kurier”, probably Germany’s biggest printed media magazine, published the following schedule (copy deadline around Nov 15 Dec 15).
The first half of the program is (or was, originally, who knows?)  scheduled to run from 19 to 21 hours UTC (aka Greenwich Mean Time), on the following frequencies:

target area frequency transmitter
Europe   6030 kHz Gavar
Atlantic (N)   6080 kHz Nauen
Indian Ocean (E)   9570 kHz Moosbrunn
Indian Ocean (W)   9740 kHz Nauen
South Africa   9800 kHz Issoudun
Atlantic (S) 11650 kHz Issoudun

Frequencies would change around 21:00 UTC as follows:

target area frequency transmitter
Europe   6155 kHz Gavar
Atlantic (N)   6145 kHz Nauen
Indian Ocean (E)   9675 kHz Moosbrunn
Indian Ocean (W)   9740 kHz Nauen
South Africa   9590 kHz Issoudun
Atlantic (S)   9830 kHz Issoudun

Gavar is a transmitter site in Armenia, Nauen is a transmitter site west of Berlin, Germany, Moosbrunn is an Austrian transmitter site (also known for daily broadcasts of Austria’s domestic “Ö1” ORF public radio), and Issoudun is a transmitter site in central France, known as a relay for Radio France Internationale (RFI) and Radio Japan (NHK).
Updates will follow here, if available.

Saturday, November 20, 2021

China Radio International: And Now, No News

There are basically two kinds of program formats carried by China Radio International (CRI) now: those with, and those without news and current affairs coverage. Regionally, you can (roughly) draw aline between East and West, with only the former still getting CRI news in regional languages.

Chinese news item, 2019

They still do speak English

The mention of target areas does not imply that there may not be other target areas for certain languages, too. As for Esperanto, for example, I only listened to the broadcast to Europe, but Europe may  not be CRI Esperanto’s only target area.

This list is not at all exhaustive; there are many more CRI language services I haven’t recently listened to.

Language Target areas News
Vietnamese Vietnam Yes
Indonesian Indonesia yes
Malaysian Malaysia yes
Japanese Japan yes
Filipino Philippines yes
Khmer Cambodia yes
Bengali Bengal yes
Thai Thailand yes
Mongolian Mongolia yes
Urdu Pakistan, India, Nepal yes
Hausa Niger, Nigeria yes
Pashto Afghanistan, Pakistan yes
Esperanto Europe no
Romanian Romania no
Italian Italy no
Bulgarian Bulgaria no
Czech Czech Republic no
Polish Poland no
Serbian Serbia & regional no
Hungarian Hungary & regional no
German Austria & regional no

Programs without news / current affairs are usually filled up with music. Some language services without news add explanatory announcements to their music programs, but others run completely without spoken words.
Language services that may be considered global ones – Chinese, English, Russian, or Spanish, still have news in their programs, and maybe cultural programs, too, but CRI’s Portuguese service hasn’t.

Esperanto broadcasts a cultural program with lots of talk, but no news or current affairs either.

The mere-music programs may run without day-to-day updates. The genres vary, however. You get some revolutionary opera on frequencies that were used for Serb programs in the past, or rock and pop music on what was once the Czech service.
The replacement for the German service is particularly mean: typical “China restaurant” dining music.
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Related

Program reductions, Nov 25, 2019
CCTV, CRI, CPBS, March 30, 2018
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Useful links

Shortwave Info
Kiwi SDR
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