Taiwan’s Anti-Infiltration Act (反滲透法): an Attempt to Translate

A word of warning: this is a try to get an understanding of Taiwan’s anti-infiltration law – it seems that there is no English translation of it online yet. However, I am no lawyer, my language skills are far from perfect, and this attempt to translate the Chinese-language original is nothing the reader should rely on.

The same is true for links within blockquotes – they may or may not be accurate either.

Your input will be most welcome. Here goes —

Published on 109-01-151)

公(發)布日期:109-01-15

Content:

Presidential Decree Hua-Tzung 1-Yi No. 10900004161
中華民國一百零九年一月十五日總統華總一義字第 10900004161 號令

Enacted and promulgated full text of twelve articles, to be in effect from day of promulgation.
制定公布全文 12 條;並自公布日施行

Article 1
第 1 條
To guard against infiltration and meddling by enemy forces from outside our borders, to ensure national security and social stability, to protect the Republic of China’s sovereignty and its free democratic constitutional order, this law is specifically formulated.
為防範境外敵對勢力之滲透干預,確保國家安全及社會安定,維護中華民國主權及自由民主憲政秩序,特制定本法。

Article 2
第 2 條
Definition of this law’s wording:
本法用詞定義如下:
1, Enemy forces from outside our borders: refers to countries, political entities or groups at war or in military confrontation with our country.
一、境外敵對勢力:指與我國交戰或武力對峙之國家、政治實體或團體。
This also applies to countries, political entities or groups which advocate the use of non-peaceful means to harm our country’s sovereignty.
主張採取非和平手段危害我國主權之國家、政治實體或團體,亦同。
2, Sources of infiltration:
二、滲透來源:
(1) Enemy forces governments outside our borders and their affiliated organizations, institutions or dispatched persons.
(一)境外敵對勢力之政府及所屬組織、機構或其派遣之人。
(2) Enemy forces political parties or other organizations, groups or dispatched persons making demands for political goals.
(二)境外敵對勢力之政黨或其他訴求政治目的之組織、團體或其派遣之人。
(3) All organizations, institutions and groups which are established or essentially controlled by the organizations, institutions and groups [mentioned] in the two previous items.
(三)前二目各組織、機構、團體所設立或實質控制之各類組織、機構、團體或其派遣之人。

Article 3
第 3 條
No one must receive instructions, be entrusted or receive financial support, be donated to, or have funds provided for referendum-related activities2), from or by infiltration sources.
任何人不得受滲透來源之指示、委託或資助,捐贈政治獻金,或捐贈經費供從事公民投票案之相關活動。
Offenders against these rules will be sentenced to prison terms up to five years and up to 10 million NT$.
違反前項規定者,處五年以下有期徒刑,得併科新臺幣一千萬元以下罰金。

Article 4
第 4 條
No one must receive instructions, be entrusted or receive financial support from or by infiltration sources, for activities covered by article 43 of the Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and Recall Act, or article 45 of the Civil Servants Election And Recall Act.
任何人不得受滲透來源之指示、委託或資助,為總統副總統選舉罷免法第四十三條或公職人員選舉罷免法第四十五條各款行為。
Offenders against the aforementioned rules will be sentenced to prison terms up to five years and up to 10 million NT$.
違反前項規定者,處五年以下有期徒刑,得併科新臺幣一千萬元以下罰金。

Article 5
第 5 條
No one must receive instructions, be entrusted or receive financial support from or by infiltration forces to carry out activities as under article two of the Lobbying Act.
任何人不得受滲透來源之指示、委託或資助,進行遊說法第二條所定之遊說行為。
Offenders against the aforementioned rules will be sentenced to fines of more than 500,000, and up to five million NT$.
違反前項規定者,處新臺幣五十萬元以上五百萬元以下罰鍰。
Offenders against the first rule3), lobbying on issues concerning defense, diplomacy and mainland affairs and national security or state secrets, will be sentenced to up to three years in prison and a NT$ 5 million fine.
違反第一項規定,就國防、外交及大陸事務涉及國家安全或國家機密進行遊說者,處三年以下有期徒刑,得併科新臺幣五百萬元以下罰金。
Fines concerning the second rule are in correspondence with article 19 of the Lobbying Act.
第二項所定之罰鍰,由遊說法第二十九條規定之機關處罰之。

Article 6
第 6 條
Any person receiving instructions, being entrusted or receiving financial support from or by infiltration sources to contravene Criminal Code article 149 to 153, or the Assembly and Parade Act’s articles 31 shall have his sentence increased by one half.
任何人受滲透來源之指示、委託或資助,而犯刑法第一百四十九條至第一百五十三條或集會遊行法第三十一條之罪者,加重其刑至二分之一。

Article 7
第 7 條
Offenders who receive instructions, being entrusted or receiving financial support from or by infiltration forces and contravene Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and Recall Act Chapter 5 or Civil Servants Election And Recall Act Chapter 5, shall have their sentences increased by one half.
受滲透來源之指示、委託或資助,而犯總統副總統選舉罷免法第五章、公職人員選舉罷免法第五章或公民投票法第五章之罪者,加重其刑至二分之一。

Article 8
第 8 條
Legal persons, groups or other institutions in contravention of articles 3 to 7, will have the persons in charge be punished, and these legal persons, groups or institutions will be fined with amounts as stipulated by the respective articles.
法人、團體或其他機構違反第三條至第七條規定者,處罰其行為負責人;對該法人、團體或其他機構,並科以各條所定之罰金或處以罰鍰。

Article 9
第 9 條
Infiltration sources handling activities as of articles 3 to 7 or which instruct, entrust or financially support others to contravene articles 3 to 7 will be cut off based on the respective articles.
滲透來源從事第三條至第七條之行為,或指示、委託或資助他人從事違反第三條至第七條之行為,依各該條規定處斷之。
This also applies to any person receiving infiltration sources’ instructions, who are entrusted or financially aided by them, or who pass such instructions, missions or financial aids on to others.
任何人受滲透來源指示、委託或資助而再轉指示、委託或資助者,亦同。

Article 10
第 10 條
Offenders who turn themselves in or who confess during investigations or court hearings, shall have their punishment reduced. Those who turn themselves in and prevent major damage to national security or interests shall be exempted from punishment.
犯本法之罪自首或於偵查或審判中自白者,得減輕或免除其刑;自首並因而防止國家安全或利益受到重大危害情事者,免除其刑。

Article 11
第 11 條
All levels of government organs with cases contravening articles 3 to 9 should actively transfer their cases to, or inform, the prosecutors office, or police and justice administration, for investigation.
各級政府機關知有違反第三條至第九條之情事者,應主動移送或函送檢察機關或司法警察機關偵辦。

Article 12
第 12 條
This law comes into effect on the day of its promulgation.
本法自公布日施行。

____________

Notes

1) Year 109, i. e. 1911 (the year of the Wuchang Uprising): 1911 + 109 = 2020.
2) I’m not sure if this is about referendums, or about other votes, too.
3) Apparently the two rules following each other within the Lobbying Act, Article 2.
____________

Related

Anti-infiltration Act, Wiki, last edit March 3

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2 Comments to “Taiwan’s Anti-Infiltration Act (反滲透法): an Attempt to Translate”

  1. I’d say “An Attempt to Translate”

    Liked by 1 person

  2. OK. Your input, please?

    Like

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