Archive for May 20th, 2011

Friday, May 20, 2011

Deutsche Welle cuts Shortwave, targets “Opinion Leaders”

Radio Berlin International (RBI) QSL, 1980s

Once upon a time on shortwave - Radio Berlin International (RBI) QSL, 1980s

A few months less than 21 years after East Germany’s Radio Berlin International (RBI) went off the air, the Deutsche Welle (DW, Voice of Germany), once RBI’s West German rival on international shortwave, has announced that it is going to do likewise – in German, anyway. From a DW press release of May 18 (Wednesday CEST):

From November 1, 2011, DW will terminate its shortwave broadcasts in German, Russian, Farsi, and Indonesian. Shortwave transmissions of English programs will be limited to Africa, and the Chinese program will be reduced from 120 to 60 minutes. In these languages, too, DW will strengthen its supplies online, video and audio on demand, and mobile supplies. Whereever it makes sense, radio productions for dissemination via partners will complement this portfolio.

Starting from November, only radio programs in the following languages will be broadcast on shortwave: Amharic, Chinese, Dari, English and French for Africa, Haussa, Kisuaheli, Pashtu, Portuguese for Africa, and Urdu.

Broadcasts through relay stations are scheduled to end in Trincomalee (Sri Lanka) and Sines (Portugal), also on November 1. Only Kigali (Rwanda) will remain in operation.

These measures would lead to significant cost reductions, and enable the Welle to develop further, according to the press release.

The last paragraph is translated as follows, by the Southgate Amateur Radio Club‘s website:

For many areas around the world, it will be necessary to further development online and mobile services in order to reach DW’s target audience better: Individuals who are interested in diverse perspectives and use a large amount and variety of media resources. That especially includes opinion leaders and future opinion leaders*) as well as people who lobby for democracy, freedom and progress in authoritarian countries and thereby strengthen the civil society.



*) The German original doesn’t describe its desired audience as opinion leaders, (which would be Meinungsführer in German), paraphrasing the term as “those [people] who wield influence on a country’s pulbic opinion, or will be influential in the future […]” (jene, die Einfluss auf die öffentliche Meinung eines Landes haben oder zukünftig haben werden)


» Major Shortwave Cuts, Shortwave Central, May 20, 2011
» Revolutionary: VoK opens Website, April 18, 2011
» International Shortwave Broadcasting “Stuff of the Past”, April 2, 2011
» Just another German Press Review, January 25, 2011
» BBC World Service drops Languages and 648 kHz, January 28, 2011
» Radio Bremen abandons Medium Wave, July 29, 2010
» From German to Foreign Listeners, February 16, 2009

Friday, May 20, 2011

Chinese Press Review: Quoting Ma Ying-jeou

via Enorth (Tianjin) — The China News Service‘s website (中国新闻网), China’s second-largest state-owned news agency after Xinhua, indirectly addressed allegations against Taiwan’s president*) Ma Ying-jeou of being a “sellout”, by quoting Ma himself, from a speech and a press conference held at Tainan University on Thursday: Which of the fifteen cross-strait agreements is selling out Taiwan (两岸15项协议哪个卖台)?

[Main link:]

China News Service quotes from a report by the Hong Kong China News Agency (HKCNA, 中通社), which in turn is a branch office of China News Service itself.

On May 19th, on the third anniversary of his inauguration, Ma Ying-jeou told a press conference at Tainan University that from the perspective of justice between the generations**), he wanted to create a good foundation for Taiwan’s further sustainable development. He wanted to ask friends who were criticizing the fifteen agreements as falling for China and selling out Taiwan (倾中、卖台), which of these agreements was actually doing that? Improvement of cross-strait relations served a peaceful and prosperous environment of growth for the next generation.


The [HKCNA] report says that key issues in the close-quarter election fight between Ma Ying-jeou’s KMT and Tsai Ing-wen’s DPP wouldn’t do without cross-strait relations, and both sides would need to explain their respective political camps’ mainland policy to the public clearly.


According to the quoted report, Ma reportedly also emphasized the use of the agreements for Taiwan in that they had helped to crack down on cross-strait crime and contained provisions about mutual legal assistance, not least in fraud cases (诈骗案件), which had decreased by thirty per cent (3成) within three years, and referred to the “92 consensus” (九二共识) as a basis for reciprocity (对等), dignity (尊严), and mutual benefit (互惠) which had created a cross-strait peace dividend (和平红利). Shunning China’s markets would hurt Taiwan.

Asked by foreign press if Taiwan wasn’t becoming too dependent on the mainland, Ma said that cross-strait relations hadn’t started only with his term, and that his policy was to strengthen Taiwan, to connect it with the Asia-Pacific region, and to position it globally. China was one of the rings [in this concept], but not [the concept in its] entirety. In the field of trade cooperation, “the two sides relationship is about cooperation, it’s not about mere dependence, and if there is dependence, it would be mutual dependence”. He believed that the two sides should learn to deal with each other, to become more tolerant and appreciative [of each other], and find solutions without the use of military force. “We are now going into that direction, step by step, and I believe that this is the right direction.”


According to the Taipei Times / CNA,

Holding the speech and a press conference in Greater Tainan was seen as a re-election ploy because the area has long been a stronghold of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP).

Significantly, and left out in the Chinese report translated / quoted further above in this post, Ma also said that

Only by increasing Taiwan’s power to defend itself will we be able to maintain a balance across the Taiwan Strait. […] Only by doing so will Taiwan gain confidence in the course of its interactions with the mainland.

This would be in some contrast to the president’s referral to a cross-strait peace dividend, as quoted by China News Service / HKCNA. The president also got back to the current brawl about how the World Health Organization (WHO) should formally address Taiwan.

Besides existing voting patterns, by choosing to speak at a university and emphasizing opportunities for the next generation, Ma also had first-time voters on his mind. Not everyone was aware of his administration’s efforts to make Taiwan a better place to live, the Taipei Times quotes him.

“That’s why I’ve been on the road, meeting people, especially those who will become eligible this year to vote”,he said in reply to a question at the press conference.

Some 1.2 million Taiwanese citizens would be first-time voters, according to a ministry of the interior’s estimated quoted by Singapore’s Morning Post (早报) in April.



*) The news article sticks to a Chinese policy of avoiding referrals to Taiwanese authorities as a sovereign state’s institutions. President Ma is simply referred to as “Ma Ying-jeou”, and the 2012 presidential elections are “elections”.
**)Or transgenerational justice, as translated by the Taipei Times.



Who will Torpedo Taiwan’s 2012 Military Budget, March 22, 2011


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