Huanqiu on HK Survey: It’s not as Bad as you Think

The following is a translation of a Huanqiu Shibao article. It is therefore a mainland Chinese reflection of a Hong Kong survey. I haven’t read the survey itself, or coverage on the survey from elsewhere.

The Huanqiu article has been republished by many Chinese websites, including Sina‘s edition for Taiwan, Enorth (Tianjin), and many other regional or local websites in China.

Main Link: Only 2.4 percent of Hong Kong’s post-1980s…

In cases where the Cantonese pronounciation of Hong Kongers’ names within the Huanqiu article weren’t easily available online, I used putonghua pronounciation in this translation.

Be more Liu Dehua: 让世界知道我们都是中国人

Be more Andy Lau: 让世界知道我们都是中国人 (click picture for video)

Links within blockquote added during translation.

Exchanges between Hong Kong and the hinterland become more and more frequent, but a recent survey finds that Hong Kongers see their “Hong Kong identity” with growing clarity. Among them, young respondents born after 1980 feel most strongly about their “Hong Kong identity”. Some Hong Kong media explain that the findings reflect “resistance against Chinese identity” among part of Hong Kongers, and a “low national identity”. However, Anthony Y. H. Fung [Feng Yingqian], head of the Chinese University’s School of Journalism and Communication, and in charge of the survey, told a “Huanqiu Shibao” reporter on Monday that there was no contradiction between “Hong Kong identity” and “national identity”, that while the survey showed a Hong Kong “awareness of their native land”, it also showed that pride in the national flag, the national anthem or the People’s Liberation Army and other national symbols had also risen.

香港与内地的交流越来越频繁,但一项最新调查发现,香港人的“港人身份认同”越来越明显,其中“80后”的年轻受访者“港人身份认同感”最为强烈。有香港媒体在报道中解读称,调查结果反映部分港人“抗拒中国人的身份”、“国民身份认同感低”。不过,负责调查的香港中文大学新闻与传播学院院长冯应谦12日向《环球时报》记者澄清说,香港人对“港人身份认同”与“国民身份认同”并不存在矛盾,调查显示港人“本土意识”增加的同时,也显示过去十多年来香港人对于国旗、国歌或解放军等国家象征自豪感相对有上升。

According to a Hong Kong’s “Oriental Daily” report on Monday, the Chinese University’s SChool of Communication and a polling agency carried out a telephone survey last month, with 819 Hong Kongers as respondents. One question asked the respondents to tell to which category of people they belonged, with “Chinese people”, “Hong Kong people”, “Hong Kong people, but also Chinese people” and “Chinese people, but also Hong Kong people” to choose from. The survey found that 42 percent of the respondents chose that they were “Hong Kong people, but also Chinese people”, a small drop from two years ago, when the number was 44 percent. 23 percent chose the purely “Hong Kong people” identity. 22 percent said they were “Chinese, but also Hong Kong people”, and 12 percent felt that they were purely “Chinese people”, a new low after Hong Kong’s 1997 return. The survey divided respondents into those who were thirty years old or younger, the “post-1980s”, and those older than that. The results tell that the “post-1980s” don’t greatly identify with the “Chinese people identity”, with only 2.4 percent choosing “Chinese people”, while the share of older respondents identified with the “Chinese people” option by 15.9 percent.

据香港《东方日报》12日报道,香港中文大学传播与民意调查中心于上月中进行民意调查,以电话访问了819名港人,其中一个问题要求受访者回答自己属于哪一类人,四项选择为“中国人”、“香港人”、“香港人,但也是中国人”以及“中国人,但也是香港人”。调查发现,有42%的受访者选择自己是“香港人,但也是中国人”,较两年前进行同样调查时的44%的数据稍降。其次有23%的受访者选择纯粹“香港人”身份,是自2008年以来的新高。另外22%的受访者称自己是“中国人,但也是香港人”;觉得自己纯粹是“中国人”的受访者只有12%,是97回归以来的新低点。此次调查又特别将受访者分成两批,一批为30岁或以下的“80后”,另一批则是“非80后”,结果发现“80后”对“中国人身份”不太认同,选择是“中国人”的只有2.4%,但非“80后”的比例却有15.9%。

[...]

The findings triggered controversy in Hong Kong’s public opinion. Hong Kong SAR’s Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference member Lew Mon-hung [Liu Mengxiong] said this was related to the SAR government only caring about peoples-livelihood issues and not doing everything to refute “Hong Kong independence” talk. He believes that recently, many determined people repeatedly waved “Union-Jack” flags and seized the opportunity of hyping “Hong Kong independence” thoughts, and the SAR government hadn’t refuted them. This could only lead to further political difficulties. Xu Huajie, Hong Kong United Youth Association advisor and China Im- and Export Chamber of Commerce deputy director, said that if Hong Kong’s young people resisted the hinterland for political reasons, they would lose many opportunities to develop in their working lives. But Basic Law Committee member Liu Naiqiang describes public opinion “as a cloud”, and believfes that it is difficult to rely only on the polls to assess trends in public opinion. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology economic faculty director Francis Lui [雷鼎鸣] says that this survey by the Chinese University “has problems”, because they offered no “Hong Konger, but no Chinese” choice. This would have been necessary to really measure Hong Kongers’ “national identy” identification.

调查结果引发香港舆论的争议。香港特区全国政协委员刘梦熊表示,港人有如此意识,相信与特区政府只顾民生政策,没有全力驳斥“港独”言论有关。他认为,近期不少有心人士多次高举代表港英时期的“米字旗”,乘机炒作“港独”思潮,但特区政府未予以驳斥,这只会令施政进一步困难。兼任香港青联顾问的中华进出口商会副主席许华杰说,若香港青年因政治理由而抗拒内地,将失去很多工作发展机会。但《基本法》委员会委员刘乃强形容“民意如浮云”,他认为很难单靠民调去评估民意趋势。香港科技大学经济学系主任雷鼎鸣表示,此次中大的调查“有问题”,因为他们没有设一个“是香港人,但不是中国人”的选项供受访者选择,只有新增这个选项才能直接测试到港人对“国民身份”认同感的最终态度是什么。

Anthony Y. H. Fung, in charge of the survey, told “Huanqiu Shibao” that there was no contradiction between “Hong Kong identity” and “Chinese identity”. Although the survey had shown the “Hong Kong identity” ever more clearly, it also showed that during the past ten years, Hong Kongers’ feelings of pride for national symbols like the national flag, the national anthem, or the PLA had also risen. From only 30.6 percent of Hong Kongers feeling proud of the national flag in 1996, their share was now 37.6 percent, and while only ten percent felt good about the PLA in 1996, their share was now 21.5 percent.

负责此次调查的香港中文大学新闻与传播学院院长冯应谦12日接受《环球时报》记者采访时澄清说,香港人对“港人身份认同”与“国民身份认同”并不存在矛盾,虽然调查显示香港人的“港人身份认同”越来越明显,但调查同时也显示,过去十多年来香港人对国旗、国歌或解放军等国家象征自豪感上升,比如,在1996年,只有30.6%的受访者对国旗有自豪感,今年的调查则有37.6%;另外,在1996年,只有10%的受访者对解放军有好感,但今年已增至21.5%。

Fung believes that the stronger “Hong Kong identitification” had grown because of discussions in recent years, having everyone considering their identity issues. As for the “post-1980s” leaning towards “Hong Kong identity”, this was because of the Hong Kong government’s promotion of [unsafe translation: lessons in line with hinterland lessons, encouraging independent thinking, and the young generation wanting to participate in public matters and deliberations about identity issues]. He said: “if the survey was carried out during the Olympics or during National Day, I believe Hong Kongers’ identification with the nation would be stronger”.

冯应谦认为,香港人对“港人身份认同”增强,只因近年相关讨论多了,让大家思考自己的身份问题。至于“80后”较倾向认同“香港人的身份”,是因为近年香港教育推行通识课(相当于内地的社会课),鼓励独立思考,令年轻一代较愿意参与社会事务及思考身份的问题。他说,“如果调查是在奥运或者国庆期间进行,我相信港人的国民身份认同比例会大大增加。”

As for the talk about “Hong Kong independence”, Fung said that the share of respondents who said they were “Hong Kongers, but also Chinese” showed that support for “Hong Kong independence” was very small. In fact, almost sixty percent of respondents had said that they travelled to mainland China every two months or even more frequently, which reflected that Hong Kongers believed that contact with the hinterland had become an unstoppable trend.

对于近日香港出现“港独”争论,冯应谦表示,调查结果显示,受访港人大多数选择“香港人、但也是中国人”一项,可见支持“港独”只是很少数。事实上,近六成受访者表示“两个月一次或更多地”往返大陆,这反映大部分香港人都认为,与内地接触已是不可阻挡的潮流。

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Related

» Patriotic Classes only Optional, BBC, Sep 8, 2012
» A Sense of Affection, July 30, 2012
» If you can’t govern a village, Dec 16, 2011

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